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Thread: Jats in Indian epics

  1. #381

    Archaeological places in Ratlam district

    Archaeological places in Ratlam district

    We are mentioning, out of the above list, the Jat history connections of some important villages in Ratlam district which are also places of archaeological importance:

    * Bajna Ratlam (बाजना) - There is a temple of Bhadrakali at Bajna at a distance of 36 km from Ratlam city in Malwa region. This Bhadrakali temple is of the period of Parmara rulers and known as Garhkhankhai mataji. This temple is situated in dense forested area of the valley at the sangam of Karan river and Mahi river. Raja Bhoj had constructed this temple.

    * Barbad (बरबड़) - Barbad Hanuman temple is at a distance of 3 km from Ratlam.

    * Borda Ratlam (बोरड़ा) - This place is very ancient. At some distance from the village is situated a tapasya sthala of rishi Bhrigu.[1]

    * Bilpank - The Bilpakeshwara temple is located at a distance of 18 kms, South-West direction from Ratlam. It is approached through a deviation fare-weather Road about 3 kms from Mhow-Neemach Highway. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is built in Pachayatana variety. It was constructed in circa 10-11th Century A.D., over low Jagati consisting of plain mouldings. It is easterly oriented Nirandhara Mulaprasada and this Mulaprasada includes Sapta-Ratha-Garbhagriha. The temple is recta in plan and consists of a Garbhagriha, Antarala and a Mahamandapa, all in axis facing East. This temple is built in Gurjara-Chalukyan style of architecture, a contemporary style of the Paramara temple architecture. Such type of temples are noticed at Atree and Krishnavilas, Kota, Rajasthan.

    * Dharad (धराड़) - Dhanoi (धनोई) Dhanoha (धनोहा) gotra of Jats originated from place named Dharad [2] Dharad is very ancient village. The ruler of Ratlam Raja Ratan Singh had come to this village initially. There is an ancient temple of Shankara. There is a cave under the temple.This temple is under protection of Archaeology Department.[3]

    * Dodiana (डोडियाना) - There is also a village called Dodiyana (डोडियाना) in Jaora tahsil in Ratlam district in Madhya Pradesh. Its population is 1,184. It probably gets name after Dodiya rulers. It is inhabited by many Jat Gotras.

    * Gunawad (गुणावद) - Gunawad has temples of Shankaraji and Mataji on the bank of Maleni River. There are remains of ancient statues scattered all around the temple. This is very ancient village even of period earlier than Mauryas and the Guptas. Faridsahab paid homage to the God about 1400 years back while he stayed at Badawda. There is a tomb constructed in his memory. People come to this place from far off places.[4]

    * Jamthun (जामथुन) - Jamthun village in Ratlam tahsil in Ratlam district in Madhya Pradesh, located in northwest of Ratlam city, has traces of ancient habitation. It is known as the city of Jamvanta (जाम्*वन्त). Bricks of ancient times have been found in the excavations. There is a water tank of very ancient style. There is need to further do the excavations and discover its past history.[5]

    * Jhar - Jhar is located 12 kms, East of Bhatpachalana in Ratlam district of Madhya Pradesh. It is connected with Kachhalana Road with Laptiya - Sandala. Jhar means a 'water spring'. The name Jhar probably has been assigned to this place due to a Jharana on the site. Jhar possesses the ruins of a Shiva temple of Bhumija style which are assignable to the Paramara period i.e., 11th century A.D. The sculptures of this temple are lying scattered around it.

    * Namli (नामली) - Very ancient historical village inhabited by many Jat gotras. The Namli Garh is built on an artificial mound, held together by fortified walls.

    * Panched (पंचेड़) - There is a place of Bhanapaji (भाणपाजी) near the village Panched. A fair is organized every year of Bhanapaji. [6]

    * Piploda (पिपलोदा) - There is a huge beautiful statue of Gajananda Ganesha at Piploda. There is also mataji temple near Piploda. [7]

    Piploda was made the capital by Dodiya clan kshatriya Shardul Singh in 1547. There was a strong fort on the top of a hillock. The fort had a ditch on one side surrounded by Khedra nalah. Goddess Chamunda was Kuladevi of the Dodiya rulers. The Dodiya rulers were well protected due to the fort. They never hesitated to challenge the powerful Rajput rulers of Rajasthan. Maharawat Pratap Singh (1673-1708) of Pratapgarh, Rajasthan defeated Dodiya ruler Rawat Bhawat Singh (1663-1703). On accepting his supremacy Maharawat Pratap Singh returned the statehood to Dodiya rulers. Later Dodiya rulers successively ruled under the reign of Yashwant Rao Holker, Jaora Nawab Gafoor Khan, and British rule. [8]

    Dodiya is a Jat clan found in Ratlam and Nimach in Madhya Pradesh and Chittorgarh in Rajasthan. It is probably a variant of Dudi Jat Gotra. In Malwa region they are called as Dodiya, Dundi, Dundiya etc. due to local language variation.

    * Sukheda (सुखेड़ा) - Sukheda village has a cave here on Khedapati Hanuman Tekari. This type of cave is also there in temple of Laxman Singhji. The Somnath temple of this place is very ancient. [9]

    References

    1. ↑ Dr Ajit Raizada: Art,Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p. 115
    2. ↑ Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 p.258
    3. ↑ Dr Ajit Raizada: Art,Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.113
    4. ↑ Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.116
    5. ↑ Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.115
    6. ↑ Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.116
    7. ↑ Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.116
    8. ↑ Dr Ajit Raizada: Art,Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4,p 111
    9. ↑ Dr Ajit Raizada: Art, Archaeology and History of Ratlam, Sharada Prakashan Delhi, 1992, ISBN 81-85320-14-4, p.116

    Note - Detailed article about Ratlam may be read on Jatland Wiki at

    http://www.jatland.com/home/Ratlam#L...atlam_district
    Laxman Burdak

  2. #382

    Jats in Inddian Epics

    Quote Originally Posted by drssrana2003 View Post
    Panini and Jats
    [FONT=Times New Roman][SIZE=3] So we have to reconcile and look for the antiquity of the people we are talking about on the strength of their clan names and for the moment delink the label jATa for its own history and provenance. I would like to share that part of my findings some other time.
    ***************************************
    Rana Saheb has raised very important issue regarding the antiquity of Jat word. We have to consider the clan names to prove the antiquity. Only Jat will not serve.

    I have given distribution of Jat clans in various districts having Jat population. I selected districts mainly for this study from Central India and Rajasthan. Districts so far selected for Jat clan distribution study were

    Sikar, Jaipur, Tonk, Chittorgarh, Hanumangarh in Rajasthan

    Muzaffarnagar in Uttar Pradesh

    Mandsaur, Nimach, Ratlam in Madhya Pradesh

    These can be seen from the thread on Jatland at -

    http://www.jatland.com/forums/showthread.php?t=19018 - Distribution of Jats

    We have selected these districts purposefully. Based on a book by

    Sandhya Jain:Adi Deo Arya Devata - A Panoramic View of Tribal-Hindu Cultural Interface, Rupa & Co, 7/16, Ansari Road Daryaganj, New Delhi, 2004

    We took on Jatland Wiki a number of Mahabharata Tribes, which can be seen here -

    http://www.jatland.com/home/The_Mahabharata_Tribes

    Sandhya Jain writes on page 115 that

    "The geographical list attempts to specify the locations of the various settlements of Bharatavarsha. It was probably compiled by a geographer of Madhyadesa,who placed the Kuru-Panchala country at the centre of his efforts and enumerated the various lands and people, arriving at a fairly comprehensive ethnographic dictionary of India."

    Thus The geographer of the Mahabharata had an intimate knowledge of tribes in the region. This is the reason we find Jat clans in Mahabharata. Mahabharata mentions Jat as well as clan names in various Parvas. We have complied all the tribes appearing in Mahabharata at -

    http://www.jatland.com/home/Mahabharata

    Click the blue active link of each Parva in above link of Mahabharata and find clans in various Chapters.

    I find that distribution is almost similar during Mahabharata period and today.

    Similar is the situation in today's distribution of Jats. We find that some Jats still today use Jat as surname but others prefer to write their clan name as surname.

    This also proves that there is nothing like Aryan Invasion in India.
    Laxman Burdak

  3. #383

    jats in epics

    Bhai laxman tane to mere dimag maan aaj jat ke bare man bata ke pura gaurav bhar diya.Bhai hum jat to bhai hain hi great sen.Ib to sara world bhi maane jane sai.
    Really a great study.Salute u for discovering our roots & realizing us that we are a great communuty.
    Quote Originally Posted by lrburdak View Post
    Jats are the earliest kshatriyas. The mention of Jat word by the famous Sanskrit scholar Panini of 900 BCE in his Sanskrit grammar known as Ashtādhyāyī in the form of shloka as जट झट संघाते or “Jat Jhat Sanghate”. Which means the terms 'Jat' and 'democratic federation' are synonymous. It proves that the Jats are the most ancient people.

    Jats in Shiva Stotra

    Shiva Stotra is another most ancient epic, which mentions one thousand names of Lord Shiva, also mentioned in ‘Shalya Parva’ of Mahabharata, in which one of the names of god is ‘Jat’ and appears at serial number 489. Mahabharata Anushasan Parva chapter 17 shloka 89 reads as under:

    महानखो, महारोमा, महाकोशो, महाजट: Mahānakho, Mahāromā, Mahākosho, Mahājata

    प्रसन्नश्च, प्रसादश्च, प्रत्यो, गिरिसाधन: Prasannasha, Prasādasha, Pratyo, Girisādhana

    Meaning - Mahanakha, Maharoma, Mahakosha, Mahajata, Prasanna, Prasada, Pratyaya, Girisadhana are the names of Lord Ishvara.

    How old is Jat

    According to an ancient story Brahma appointed Kartikeya as the commander of all the beings. Kartikeya got various gifts out of which there was a lord of all commanders named ‘Jat’. (Mahabharata Shalya Parva chapter 44 and 45). The shloka reads as under:

    अक्ष: सन्तर्जनो राजन् कुन्दीकश्च तमोन्नकृत । Akshah santarjano rājana kundīkashcha tamonnakrita

    एकाक्षो द्वादशक्षश्च तथैवैक जट: प्रभु ।। ५८ ।। Ekaksho dvadashkshashcha tathaivaika jatah prabhu

    Meaning – Aksha, Santarjana, Kundika, Tamonnakrata, Ekaksha, dvadasha, and a ‘Jat’ lord of all (O Rajana ! gifted to swami Kartikeya)

    It is believed in Hindu mythology that Brahma was the creator of the universe. As per Hindu cosmology the period of creation of the universe by Brahma was 1,97,29,49,108 years back in samvat 2063 (2006). It means the word ‘Jat’ is as old as the universe. [1]

    Jats in Rigveda

    Jats find a mention in most ancient Indian literature. Over sixty clans are named in the Rig Veda.[2] In the Mahabharata as they are mentioned ‘Jartas’ in ‘Karna Parva’. The famous Sanskrit scholar Panini]] of 900 BCE has mentioned in his Sanskrit grammar known as Ashtyāyī in the form of shloka as जट झट संघाते or “Jat Jhat Sanghate”. This means that the terms 'Jat' and 'democratic federation' are synonymous. He has mentioned many Jat clans as settled in Punjab and North west areas.

    Jats in Grammar of Chandra

    Jats are mentioned in the grammar treatise of Chandra of the fifth century in the phrase sentence अजय जर्टो हुणान or “Ajay Jarto Hunān, which refers to the defeat of Huns by the Jats under the leadership of Yasodharman. The inscription of Mandsaur also indicates that Yasodharman, the ruler of Malwa, was a Jat of the Virk gotra ( clan). [3]

    Jats in the Deva Samhitā

    There is mention of Jats in “Deva Samhitā” [4] in the form of powerful rulers over vast plains of Central Asia. For example in the 'Deva Samhitā' of Gorakh Sinha from the early medieval period, when Pārvatī asks Shiva about characters of Jats, Shiva tells her like this in sanskrit shloka-15 as under:

    महाबला महावीर्या, महासत्य पराक्रमाः Mahābalā mahāvīryā, Mahāsatya parākramāh

    सर्वाग्रे क्षत्रिया जट्टा देवकल्पा दृढ़-व्रता: Sarvāgre kshatriyā jattā Devkalpā dridh-vratāh

    Meaning - 'They are, like gods, firm of determination and of all the Warriors, the Jats are the prime rulers of the earth.'

    Shiva explains Parvati about the origin of Jats in Shloka –16 of Deva samhita:

    श्रृष्टेरादौ महामाये वीर भद्रस्य शक्तित: hrishterādau mahāmāye Virabhadrasya shaktitah

    कन्यानां दक्षस्य गर्भे जाता जट्टा महेश्वरी Kanyānām Dakshasya garbhe jātā jatta maheshwarī.

    Meaning – 'In the beginning of the universe with the personification of the illusionary powers of Virabhadra and Daksha’s daughtergana's womb originated the caste of Jats'.

    In the shloka-17 of 'Deva Samhitā' when Pārvatī asks about the origin of Jats, Shiva tells Parvati that:

    गर्व खर्चोत्र विग्राणां देवानां च महेश्वरी Garva kharchotra vigrānam devānām cha maheshwarī

    विचित्रं विस्मयं सत्वं पौराण कै साङ्गीपितं Vichitram vismayam satvam Pauran kai sāngīpitam

    Meaning - 'The history of origin of Jats is extremely wonderful and their antiquity glorious. The Pundits of history did not record their annals lest it should injure and impair their false pride and of the vipras and gods. We describe that realistic history before you'.

    Etymology of the word "Jat"

    The most acceptable theory about the origin of the word, 'Jat' is that it has originated from the Sanskrit language word “Gyat” . The Mahabharata mentions in chapter 25, shloka 26 that Lord Krishna founded a federation ‘Gana-sangha’ of the Andhak and Vrishni clans. This federation was known as ‘Gyati-sangh’. Every member of this sangha was called Gyat.
    over a period of time due to linguistic variaions it became Jat. [5]

    The other prominent theory of the word's origins is that Jat came from the word Gaut tribal name of some Indo-Aryan tribes of Central Asia (such as those which later became Gauts/Goths and settled in Europe), which was written in 'Jattan Da Ithihas'. It has also been mentioned by Bhim Singh Dahiya. [6]

    According to the historian 'Ram Lal Hala' the word Jat is drived from word 'Yat'. There was a king named 'Yat' in Chandra Vanshi clan who was ancestor of Lord Krishna. The Jats are descendants of King Yat. 'Yat' later changed to 'Jat'.[7]

    Need to search epics

    Since the word Jat existed from the beginning of the universe it must find place in various Indian epics. The main Indian epics worth mentioning are as follows: Vedas (Rigveda, Yjurveda, Samaveda, Athavaveda), Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishadas, Vedanga (Shiksha, Chandas, Vyakarnas, Nirukta, Jyotisha, Kalpa), Mahabharata, Ramayana, Purana, Smriti, Bhagvadgita, Panchatantra, Kumar Vyasa Bharata, Stotra, Ramacharitamanas.

    I searched some of the Indian and Hindu epics and produced as above some examples about the antiquity existence of word Jat and the history of Jats. It will be of great help to find more literature and linkages with the Jat history. In addition to the Hindu literature and epics the Buddhist and Jain books also have a great treasure about Jat history, not explored so far. Thus there is a need to research these sacred epics if we have to reconstruct the true Jat history.

    References

    1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudu, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar, Adhunik Jat Itihasa, Agra 1998
    2. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Aryan Tribes and the Rig Veda, Dahinam Publishers, 16 B Sujan Singh Park, Sonepat, Haryana,India,1991
    3. CV Vaidya, History of Medieval Hindu India
    4. Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 page 87-88.
    5. Dr Natthan Singh, Jat-Itihas, (Jat History), page-41:Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad, F-13, Dr Rajendra Prasad Colony, Tansen marg, Gwalior, M.P, India 474 002 2004
    6. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, Dahinam Publishers, Sonepat, Haryana
    7. Ram Lal Hala, Jat Kshatriya Itihas

  4. #384

    Jats in Indian Epics

    Yashodharman

    Laxman Ji,

    Many historians writing on the Jats , especially those from the community of Jats have connected the expression ‘ajayaj jarto hUNAnin Chandragomin’s grammar with Yashodharman (589 Malava Samvat = 532 A.D.) in an attempt to establish his Jat identity. Chandra Gomin had used this expression to illustrate the use of Lang Lakara (for referring to incidents in the sense of recent past, excluding those of the same day).
    In the first place the reading jjarto is not undisputable. The alternative reading ‘gupto’ had been suggested by some scholars. Chandra Gomin’s time cannot be dragged to the period around which (first half of the sixth century A.D.) by which time the defeat of the Hunas at the hand of Yashodharman could have become a thing of the past (however close in proximity of time). The imagery used by Vasula, son of Kakka, in the Mandasaur Inscription of Yashodharman to describe Mihirakula’s defeat at the former’s hand is similar to the one the same author uses in describing the defeat of Tormana at the hand of PrakashaDharman, the immediate predecessor (most likely, father) of Yashodharman in the Risthal (near Mandasaur) Inscription of Malava Samvat 572 =515-16 A.D.
    Yashodharman belonged to an eminent family of rulers of malva for quite a long time. The were ‘Aulikaras’. If this is connected with the modern day clan name ‘Aulack’found among the Jats the argument deserves to be examined. But before saying any thing with certainty one has to lok for any survivals of this clan name in the Mandasaur area.B.S. Dahiya’s attempt to give Yashodharman a Virk identity is without any basis. How could we label Yashodharman as aVirk and an Aulikara at the same time?.

  5. #385
    What is an " Aulikara" ?

    Ravi Chaudhary
    the future belongs to those who appreciate their past

    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/JatHistory/

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