Bahawalpur (Hindi: बहावलपुर, Punjabi/Urdu: بہاولپور) is a city in the Punjab province in Pakistan. Earlier Bahawalpur was a princely state, stretching along the southern bank of the Sutlej and Indus Rivers, with its capital city at Bahawalpur.
Tahsils in the District
Jat clans in Bahawalpur State
Atera (575), Athar (581), Atral (500), Bains or Waince (837), Bhatia (733), Bhatti (1,951), Bipar (508), Bohar (3,863), Chachar (9,331), Chadhar (597), Chani (632), Chapal (2,120), Chaughata (791), Chauhan (567), Chawali (506), Chimar (947), Chozan (958), Dahar (1,307), Daia (1,364), Dakhu (823), Dangar (689), Daha (3,571), Dhandu (844), Dhar (1,074), Dhudhi (686), Duran (977), Gauja (1,047), Ghallu (2,508), Hans (580), Jam (788), Jammun (1,657), Jhammat (2,097), Jhulne (1,285), Khak (1,453), Kakrial (894), Kalia (525), Kalhora (1,031), Kalwar (1,271), Kamboh (679), Kande (557), Kathal (538), Katwal (912), Khak (514), Khar (840), Kharal (1,770), Khokhar (2,771), Khombra (637), Khera (540) Koral (794), Langah (3,118), Lodhra (985), Mahr (3,022), Mahar (2,493), Mahla (1,160), Maij (3,786), Makwal (473), Malak (4,042), Manela (628), Marral (880), Masson (537), Naich (4,093), Nanwa (1,833), Noon (930), Nonari (1,560), Uthera (1,817), Pannun (914), Panwat (1,676) Parhar (7,860), Panwar (7,702), Sahu (1,131), Samma (1,072), Sameja (943), Sangi (1,159), Sial (847), Soomra or Soomro (3,721), Thaheem (1,653), Tunwar (1,691),
The state was counted amongst the Rajputana states. The state was founded in 1802 by Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan II after the break up of the Durrani Empire. Nawab Mohammad Bahawal Khan III signed the state's first treaty with the British on 22 February 1833, guaranteeing the semi autonomous rule of the Nawab under British Raj. The state acceded to Pakistan on 7 October 1947.
The Cholistan Desert
East of Bahawalpur is the Cholistan Desert which covers an area of about 15,000 km2 and extends into the Thar Desert of India. The region was once watered by the Hakra River, known as the Saravati in vedic times. At one time there were 400 forts in the area and archaeological finds around the Derawar Fort, the only place with a perennial waterhole, indicate that it was contemporaneous with the Indus Valley Civilisation. The average annual rainfall is only 12 cm, and the little cultivation there is, is made possible by underground wells, drawn up by the camels. The water is stored in troughs, built by the tribes, between sandhills and din waterholes called tobas. The people are racially similar to those in Rajasthan - tall, with sharp features. They live in large, round, mud and grass huts, usually built on the top of sandhills. On the whole, they are pastoral and nomadic. The main tribes are the Chhachhar, Mehr, Lar, Paryar, Channar, Chandani and Bohar. The forts here were built at 29 km intervals, which probably served as guard posts for the camel caravan routes. There were three rows of these forts. the first line of forts began from Phulra and ended in Lera, the second from Rukhanpur to Islamgarh, and the third from Bikaner to Kapoo. They are all in ruins now, and you can see that they were built with double walls of gypsum blocks and mud. Some of them date back to 1000 BC, and were destroyed and rebuilt many times.
Bahawalpur village in Firozpur
- Census Of India 1911 Volume xiv Punjab Part 2 by Pandit Narikishan Kaul
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