Dhanna Bhagat

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Dhanna Bhagat
Dhanna Bhagat

Dhanna Bhagat (धन्ना भगत) (born 1415) was an extremely charitable person and devotee of God.

Early life

Different sources about the birth of Dhanna Bhagat refer to different villages as his birthplace. According to one source he was born in a Jat Hindu family of Dhaliwal clan in village Choru of district Tonk in Rajasthan, India. Another source tells that he was born in village Choru, tehsil Fagi, district Jaipur on baisakh badi 3, samvat 1472 in the family of Rameshwar Jat of Harchatwal gotra. His mother's name was Gangabai.

He was married in a Kairo gotra family. [1] During his childhood his father moved to village Abhaynagar that is now-a-days known as village Dhuan Kalan near Deoli city in Tonk district. According to Dr Pema Ram he was born at village Dhuan Kalan in Tonk district in 1415 AD (v.samvat 1472) in the family of Rameshwar Harchatwal and his mother was from Garhwal gotra. [2]

Divine powers of Dhanna Bhagat

Dhanna Bhagat is known for sacrifice and hospitality. He was a strong devotee of God. It is said that his house was always full of needy people like sanyasis and beggars. Nobody returned empty handed or empty stomach from his house. [3]

There are number of myths about divine powers of Dhanna Bhagat. Once he was ploughing his fields. Large number of sanyasis came to him and demanded food. He gifted all the seed kept for sowing to them and ploughed fields without seeds. The fields produced no food grains but the gourds. When Jagirdar came to collect levy he offered two gourds. The Jagirdar broke the gourds and found that they were full of pearls. The Jagirdar was influenced by the divine powers of Dhanna Bhagat and constructed a pond that was named ‘Moti Talab’. After independence of India this pond was converted into Moti Nagar Dam. People of Rajasthan while cultivating fields sing the folk songs about Dhanna Bhagat. There is a proverb: [4]

धन्‍ना जाट का हरिसों हेत, Dhannā Jāt kā Harison het,

बिना बीज के निपजा खेत। Binā Bīj ke Nipajā khet.

Meaning - Dhanna Jat had so much love with God that fields produce food grain without sowing seeds.


The Guru Granth Sahib includes three of Dhana's hymns. "Loving devotion," says Dhanna in his sabda in Raga Asa, "is now fixed in my heart and thereby have I found solace and fulfilment. In whose heart is light divine manifested he alone recognizeth the Immaculate One." [5] [6]

Ramananda of Vaishnava sect

He was initiated by Ramananda of Vaishnava sect. Ramananda had about 500 pupils out of whom Dhanna Bhagat, Pipa ji, Kabir, Raidas and 14 others were main. The people of village still take the soil from Dhuan Kalan and put it in their fields. They have the belief that it enhances the productivity. Dhanna Bhagat had constructed a temple named 'Gangeshwar temple' and put an inscription on the pillar which bears name of his guru Ramananda and year of construction samvat 1535. [7]

References

  1. Navhind Lal: Bhakt shiromani Dhanna Jat, Jat Samaj Agra, August 1997
  2. Dr Pema Ram, Jaton ki Gauravgatha, p.20
  3. Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 page 611.
  4. Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 page 611.
  5. Guru Granth Ratnavali. Patiala, n.d.
  6. Sahib Sirigh, Bhagat-BaniSati`k, vol. I. Amritsar, 1979
  7. Navhind Lal: Bhakt shiromani Dhanna Jat, Jat Samaj Agra, August 1997

External link

http://www.onlinemandir.com/dhana.swf


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