Ghuman

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Ghuman (घुमन) (घुमण)[1] Ghuman (घूमन)[2] Ghumman (घुम्मन) Ghamman (घम्मान) Gumar (गुमर)/(गूमर) [3] Gumar (गुमड़)[4] is a Gotra of Jats found in Punjab, India and Pakistan. They are ancient Gumer or Gimir, the Cimmerians of ancient Greek. Gumar and Ghuman are the same.

Contents

History

B S Dahiya[5] writes: A people named Kuman are mentioned in the Matsya Purana. But they are shown in the south perhaps erroneously. A person named Gomana, an architect is mentioned in a Kushana inscription [6] Ptolemy mentions a people called Khomar, and their country called Khomaroi. [7] They are ancient Gumer or Gimri, the Cimmerians of ancient Greek. It seems, the Gumar and Ghuman are the same.

Bhim Singh Dahiya writes about an important inscription of a scion of this clan requires special mention. This is the Manikiala silver plate inscription of Gomana Karavaka. Here the person named Karavaka is definitely from the Gomana or Ghumana clan. [8] Pargiter compares the name Gomana with Godhara and Gonanda. Both these are clan names, nowadays called Godara and Gondal, respectively. Similarly Goman is also a clan name. The fact that the clan name comes before the personal name is not of any significance because this was the practice in those days. The Gusur Simhabala and Saka Moda of the inscription have the clan name or the tribal name before the personal name. [9]

H.A. Rose writes that Ghumman (घुम्मन ), Ghamman (घम्मान), a tribe of Jats, found in Sialkot. It claims descent from Malkir, second in descent from the Lunar Race, Raja Dalip of Delhi. Fifth in descent from him, Jodha had three sons, Harpal, Ranpal and Sanpal. The descendants of the two former are the Hajauli Rajputs, while Sanpal had 22 sons, from whom are descended as many clans, including Ghumman, the youngest. Sanpal's wives were of various castes and so his children sank to Jat status. Their Brahmans are Bharwakirs, whom Muhammadans also consult. Ghumman came from Mukiala or Malhiana in the time of Firoz Shah, took service in Jammu, and founded the present tribe. At weddings they worship an idol made of grass and set within a square drawn in the corner of the house, and cut the goat's ear and the jand†† twig like the Sāhi Jats. They also propitiate their ancestors by pouring water over a goat's head so that he shakes it off. They are chiefly found in Sialkot, though they have spread somewhat, especially eastwards, and in that District they have a Sidh called Dulchi. In Jind their Sidh is called Dadu or Kala, and his samadh is at Nagra in Patiala. Beestings are offered to him on the 11th badi every month : offerings are also made at weddings. [10]

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Hapur District

Fuldera,

Villages in Noida District

Neemchana

Villages in Meerut District

Bahadurpur Meerut

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Gurdaspur district

Shinbhatti,

Ghuman, Ghuman Kalan, Ghuman Khurd named Villages are in Batala tahsil and Ghuman in Dera Baba Nanak tahsil in Gurdaspur district in Punjab.

Villages in Patiala district

Ghumana is village in Rajpura tahsil in Patiala district in Punjab.

Ghummans have population of 15,600 in Patiala district. This clan owns 11 villages around Bhawanigarh and Ghumana in the Rajpura sub-district and one village in the Patiala sub-district.[11]

Villages in Amritsar district

Talwandi Ghuman, Lalu Ghuman, Ghummans are there in 372 number in Amritsar district also.[12]

Villages in Bhatinda district

Ghuman Kalan, Ghuman Khurd,

Villages in Ludhiana district

Villages in Nawanshahr district

Distribution in Pakistan

The Ghuman are of both Rajput and Jat status in Pakistan. The Ghuman claim descent from the Janjua. They are found primarily in Sialkot and Gujranwala districts. Prior to partition, Muslim Ghuman were also found in Gurdaspur and Amritsar.

According to 1911 census, the Ghummans were one of the principal Muslim Jat clans. Their population wasas under:

Notable persons

  • Dr. Khalil Ur Ghumman - Secretary General Jutt Federation Pakistan, Punjab Pakistan : Phone: 0092-3313112111, 0092-3443112111 , 03042320720 , Email: khalilghumman@gmail.com

External Links

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n.घ-7
  2. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.238, s.n.76
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ग-66
  4. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.238, s.n.83
  5. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 282
  6. CII, Vol, II, pt. I. p. 151
  7. Ptolemy, Outline of Geography, pp. II. 6-9 See also Ancient India as described by Ptolemy, pp. 268-69
  8. EI, Vol. XII, p. 301,
  9. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Bhim Singh Dahiya, p. 336-337
  10. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/G, p.298
  11. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon. p. 126
  12. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon.p.124

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