Heer

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Heer (हीर)[1] Hir (हीर)[2] Heir (हीर) Her (हेर)[3][4][5] Hayer (हेअर) Haer (हेअर) is gotra of Jats found in Punjab (India), Haryana and Pakistan. The Jat Gotra 'Heer' and 'Her' are the same. 'Her' is originated from 'Heers'. Hir (हीर) is a Muhammadan Jat clan found in Montgomery (doubtless Her).[6] Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [7]

Contents

Origin

They are said to be originated from Heer Syala place. [8]

History

The Jat Gotras, Maan, Bhullar and Heer are considered to be the Oldest and Purest Jat gotras. But there is very rare information available regarding Heers and Bhullars. Bhullars are said to be given their name as 'Bhulars' because they do not give information about their birth place. Means they have forgotten their birth place. In Arbi, Pharsi, Pashto (Persian), Punjabi, Urdu and Hindi :- 'Bhoolna' means to Forget. Might be because of that they got their name as 'Bhoolar' or 'Bhular'. But the question is from where they originate and how they had maternal relation with Heers. Both of these have Chandravanshi linage. There is need to further research in this matter.

Moreover Bhangoos (Bhangu) are considered to be the descendant of Heers. Bhangu is also a very ancient Jat Gotra. In some areas of Punjab they are known as Heer-Bhangoo or Bhangu-Hira or Hira. Bhangus are not from Bhangi Misl as asumed. They are related to Heers. Now a days most of the 'Heer-Bhangus' do not use their complete surmane as 'Heer-Bhangu'. Either they used it as Heer or Heera or Bhangu only. But how and when Bhangus got separated from Heers is a matter of research.

'Heer' is a very peculiar word as well as gotra to be identified in Old Vedas. It is very difficult to recogonize this gotra in any of the Sanskrit Vedas. Because in Sanskrit Heer, Hari or Har words might confuse anyone. Even a well known Sanskrit scholar too. Many of the Jat gotras are found in little bit different names in Sanskrit Vedas but still they can be identified. For example Aulakh is used as Olak or Olakh, Bains is used as Vains or Vais, Virk is used as Birk or Birka, Takhar is used as Tukhrak etc. But when it comes to Heer, it is not so easy to identify it as a Gotra when used as Heer, Hari or Har. Hari and Har might have number of meanings. Hari is even commonly used for God. Might be because of this reason this gotra has not been traced well. Prof. B.S. Dhillon's book 'History and Study of Jats' writes every where Her in place of Heer. It may be probably due to fact that most of the Heer Jats from Doaba (Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Kapurthala etc) region of Punjab moved toward western countries during the early 50s and 60s. Might be then after they start using their gotra as 'Her' from 'Heer'. Because Englishmen cant pronounce 'Heer' as Heer. They will always pronounce it as 'Her'. Although in the nearby district such as Jalandhar etc. some of the 'Heers' using it as 'Her' and spell it as 'Hayer'. Most of the number of 'Her' originate from village 'Littran' in Jalandhar district. At least one member from each family of this village is residing in abroad. So because of western pronunciation, new generation of 'Heers' start using it as 'Her'. There are still some families present in which older people are using it as 'Heer' and younger one using it as 'Her' and most of them are residing abroad.[9]

Her (हेर) gotra has originated from Heers who had maternal relations with Bhullars. [10]

B S Dahiya[11] writes: As per Ghirsman, in 20 BC, the king of Sogdian was named Heraus (see under Sikarwar). In "Kushana Studies in USSR.", the"Heraios" are mentioned as a tribe of Kushanas. [12] This clan is the Her clan of the Jats. The Hers are considered to be the original Jats. Her means Lord or Master in 'Gothic'.

Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mention Her as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [13]

Bhular, Sihag and Maan vansha are related with Her vansha. [14].

Thousands of years before Christ Her,Dahiya,Bhular and Sihag lived in Iran and Turkistan.

H.A. Rose[15] writes that Her (हेर ), Aher (अहेर ), or Porawal (पोरवाल)., the third of the group of Jat tribes which includes the Bhullar and Man also. Their home appears to lie north of the Sutlej and they are found in considerable numbers under the hills from Ambala in the east to Gujrat in the west, and throughout the whole upper valley of that river. There is a very old village called Her in the Nakodar tahsil of Jullundhar which is still held by Her Jats, who say that they have lived there for a thousand years; in other words for an indefinite period.

Distribution in Punjab, India

Villages in Hoshiarpur district

Maximum number of Jats of Heer Gotra belongs to Hoshiarpur district in Punjab, India. Jats of Heer Gotra are residing in many Villages of Hoshiarpur, such as :- Purheeran, Dadyal, Moranwali, Singhpur, Haripur, Adampur, Shergarh, Heerapur, Bajwara, Mehatpur, Mahilpur, Halluwal etc.

In Hoshiarpur district the Heer population is 11, 505. [16]

Villages in Jalandhar district

Heers live in villages:

  • Heeran and Heerapur in (Jalandhar). Most of the number of 'Her' originate from village 'Littran' in Jalandhar district. At least one member from each family of this village is residing in abroad. So because of western pronunciation, new generation of 'Heers' start using it as 'Her'.

According to B S Dhillon the population of Her clan in Jalandhar district is 4,500.[17]

Villages in Ludhiana district

Heers live in villages:

Poheer (tah.Ludhiana East), Heeran (tah.Ludhiana East) and Heran (tah. Raikot).


Her population is 3,603 in Ludhiana district.[18]

Heeran Jattan (in Khanna tah. Ludhiana),


Villages in Amritsar district

Heers live in villages:

Chak Heir, Heir,

Her population is 3,441 in Amritsar district.[19]

Villages in Gurdaspur district

Hir named Village is in Gurdaspur tahsil in Gurdaspur district in Punjab.

Villages in Patiala district

Her population is 2,640 in Patiala district.[20]

Villages in Firozpur district

In Firozpur district the Her population is 1,950. [21]

Villages in Mansa district

Heron Khurd is village in Budhlada tahsil in Mansa district in Punjab.

Heron Kalan, Hirewala are villages in Mansa tahsil in Mansa district in Punjab.

Villages in Moga district

Villages in Nawanshahr district

Villages in Rupnagar district

Distribution in district Rupnagar

Heerpur, Tehsil Anandpur Sahib, Distt Rupnagar).

Rurki Heeran (http://www.mypind.com/rup/rupPage670.htmin

Chamkor Sahib),

Distribution in Haryana

Heer Majraa in Haryana.

Distribution in Pakistan

According to 1911 census, the Heer were one of the principal Muslim Jat clans with Population in Sialkot District (73), Lahore District (376), Amritsar District (74), Gujrat District (1,451), Shahpur (Sargodha District) District (553), Mianwali District (1,034), Jhang District (584).

Some of the Villages in Pakistan are:- Pura Heeran, Heeran in Kasur District, Morrah Heeran etc. There is one Village named as 'Hir' in Iran too. This is mentioned in Wikipedia under the article named as Heer (Clan).

Notable persons

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ह-39
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.64, s.n. 2590
  3. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.239, s.n.89
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ह-22
  5. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.64, s.n. 2597
  6. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/H,p.334
  7. Dilip Singh Ahlawat: Jat viron ka Itihas
  8. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 286
  9. The History and distribution of Heer Gotra was provided by Gurpreet Singh Heer via email.
  10. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc,: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, p. 286
  11. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 257-258
  12. B.Gafurov, op. cit., p. 179
  13. Dilip Singh Ahlawat: Jat viron ka Itihas
  14. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 272
  15. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/H,p.331
  16. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.127
  17. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p. 127
  18. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.126
  19. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon,p.123
  20. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.126
  21. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.127
  22. http://manmohanwaris.com
  23. Kamal Heer.com
  24. Artist profile "Aman Hayer" Bhangra.org
  25. Dave S. Hayer, MLA for Surrey-Tynehead
  26. http://www.news1130.com/news/local/more.jsp?content=20090223_181612_5112
  27. Heed heads west, makes history by Mike Howell, Vancouver Courier, Friday, July 13, 2007 (retrieved July 22, 2007)
  28. Tara Singh Hayer at Canada.com
  29. "Inducted into hall of fame," National Post, January 6, 2001, pg. B.6.
  30. A true Sikh martyr: Jonathan Kay on the 10th anniversary of the assassination of Tara Singh Hayer by Jonathan Kay, National Post, November 17, 2008
  31. http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/IAF/History/Kargil/1069-Kargil-Awards.html
  32. Author Query". International Plant Names Index. http://www.ipni.org/ipni/authorsearchpage.do.
  33. "Heer, Oswald". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.).
  34. R. Arvikar Dr. Edwald Heer September 1982 American Society of Mechanical Engineering
  35. http://hci.stanford.edu/jheer/bio/
  36. http://hci.stanford.edu/jheer/
  37. Winton, Harold; Mets, David (2000). The Challenge of Change: Military Institutions and New Realities, 1918-1941. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0803298358
  38. http://www.bridgend-powcamp.fsnet.co.uk/General%20der%20Panzertruppe%20Traugott%20Herr.htm
  39. Lois K. Herr (D)". Washington Post. 2004. Archived from the original on 2009-04-25. http://www.webcitation.org/5gJDav0wA. Retrieved 2009-04-25.
  40. Myers, William Starr. The Story of New Jersey (1945). Reprinted as Prominent Families of New Jersey (Genealogical Publishing Company, 2000).
  41. Conservatives' Calgary fortress resists change
  42. Mitteilung der SVP Zürich
  43. http://translate.google.co.in/translate?hl=en&sl=de&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fde.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FAlfred_Heer

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