Hindaun

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Location of Hindaun in District Karauli

Hindaun (also known as Hinduan City (हिण्डौन सिटी) is a tahsil town in Karauli district in Rajasthan (India).

Founders

Hindaun was founded by Hindol gotra of Jats.

Location

It is on the main railway track from Delhi to Mumbai, via Kota, approx. 256 km away from New Delhi. It is a subdivisional headquarter in India. Its population is approximately 125,000. Hindaun is located at 26.72° N 77.02° E. It has an average elevation of 235 metres (770 feet).

Population

As per 2001 India census,GRIndia Hindaun had a population of 84,784. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Hindaun has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 49%. In Hindaun, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Villages in Hindaun tahsil

Location of villages around Hindaun

Akbarpur, Alawara, Alipura, Areni Goojar, Atkoli, Bahadurpur, Banwaripur, Bargawan, Barh Ponchhri, Bhango, Bhukrawali, Binega, Chak Sikandarpur, Chandangaon, Chandeela, Chinayata, Churali, Danalpur, Dedroli, Dhahara, Dhandhawali, Dhindora, Dhursi, Dubbi, Dughati, Ekolasi, Fazalabad, Gaoda Goojar, Gaoda Meena, Gaonri, Garhi Badhawa, Garhi Mosamabad, Garhi Panweda, Ghonsla, Gopipur, Gunsar, Gurhapol, Hadoli, Hindaun (M), Hingot, Hukmi Khera, Irniya, Jagar, Jahanabad, Jamalpur, Jat Nagala, Jatwara, Jewarwadaatak, Jhareda, Jhirna, Kachroli, Kailash Nagar, Kajanipur, Kalakhana, Kalwar Meena, Kalwari Jatt, Kalyanpur Sayta, Kandroli, Karai, Karsoli, Katkar, Khanwara, Khareta, Khera, Kheri Chandla, Kheri Ghatam, Kheri Hewat, Kheri Sheesh, Kherli Goojar, Khijoori, Khohara Ghuseti, Kodiya, Kotra Dhahar, Kotri, Kutakpur, Kyarda Kalan, Kyarda Khurd, Lahchora, Leeloti, Mahoo Dalalpur, Mahoo Ibrahimpur, Mahoo Khas, Mandawara, Manema, Mothiyapur, Mukandpura, Nagal Durgasi, Nagla Meena, Norangabad, Palanpur, Pali, Pataunda, Patti Narayanpur, Peepalhera, Phulwara, Ponchhri, Rara Shahpur, Reejwas, Reethauli, Rewai, Sanet, Sherpur, Shyampur Moondri, Sikandarpur, Sikroda Jatt, Sikroda Meena, Singhan Jatt, Singhan Meena, Sitapur, Somala Ratra, Somli, Suroth, Taharpur, Todoopura, Vajheda, Vajna Kalan, Vajna Khurd, Vanki, Ver Khera, Vijaypura, Wai Jatt,

History

The city is believed to be associated with the mythology of Hiranyakashyapa and Prahlada mentioned in Bhagavata Purana. Local tradition tells us that Hindon was the capital of Hiranyakashyapa, father of Prahlada. because of this fact the area is known as 'Hiranakus Ki Kher'. 'Kher' in local language means capital. This is further confirmed by the existence of monuments like 'Hiranakus Ka Mandir', 'Prahlada Kund', 'Nrisinha Temple', 'Hiranakus Ka Kua', and 'Dhobi Pachhad'. About 40 year back there was a sculptor of Hiranakus in 'Hiranakus Ka Mandir' but now it has been replaced by that of Rama and temple has become famous as 'Raghunath Mandir'. 'Hiranakus Ka Kua' is situated in the heart of city and ruins nearby are that of Bharon temple. Langda Bharon (Langur) is very popular in Karauli area. 'Dhobi Pachhad' is believed to be the spot where Prahlada was thrown out from the Palace. There is also a place called 'Holika Dah' where Holika tried to burn Prahlad but she herself was destroyed in the fire. At last Vishnu assumed the form Nrisimha Awtar and killed Hiranyakashyapa. [1]

The local tradition tells that prior to the rule of Maharaja Suraj Mal in tehsil Igalās in Aligarh district of Uttar Pradesh, the then Rajput Raja of Jaipur pressurized the Jats to have marital relations with Muslims. Jats opposed it but could do nothing to force the Jaipur Raja. So they left this ancestral land and moved to Hindaun area in Karauli district. The Hindaul gotra of Jats is still found in Hindaun tehsil, which got its name after the Hindaul gotra of Jats.

Later Maharaja Suraj Mal offered the jagir of nearby village Sāthanī to one warrior Vāhan Singh Hindaul. He had four sons namely, Mān Singh, Chūraman, Vijayram and Jivarām. Mān Singh founded village Mān, Chūraman founded village Chūharā, Vijayram founded village Pithair and Jivarām founded village Diswār. Man Singh had four sons namely, Bakshi Singh, Chandan Singh, Umraj Singh and Balwant Singh.

Hindols migrated from Rajasthan to Uttar Pradesh during the rule of Maharaja Suraj Mal. There are 22 villages of Hindol gotra. These are Moja Sāthanī, Mān, Chuhara, Diswar, Ransura, Jogpur, Konga, Bhagu, Pithair, Loriya etc.

Attractions in Hindon

It is world-famous for its stone business. It is also known for a special delicacy "Moong ki Barfi" (cakes made of pulses, sugar and processed butter), which is unique to Hindaun.

Nearby attractions are Shri Mahabir Ji, 17 km, away from Hindaun City, which is a major pilgrim of Jains and Keladevi, a famous pilgrimage of Hindus, [citation needed] which is just on 1 hour and 30 minutes drive away. At both the places Special MELA (Fair) takes place in the month of

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. Jat Samaj: Agra, March 2003, p.14

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