Jathar

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Jathar (जठर)[1] Jathara (जाठरा)[2] Jatara (जतरा) Jatara (जतरा) Jatra (जतरा)[3] Jatarani (जतारनी) are mentioned in the list of gotra of Jats.

History

It gets its name from people who lived in the region of Jathara Kuta Deva (जठर कूट देव)(देवकूट, महाभारत:II.82.122) mountain in north India who were known as Jathar (जठर). These people when went to Malwa region they were called Jathara (जाठरा). Jatra are originated from place called Jathara (जथरा).[4]


Hathigumpha inscription mentions that The King of Pandya caused to be brought here ( capital Kalinga Nagri) various pearls, jewels and precious stones hundred thousand in number. [His Majesty] brought to submission the people of Jathara.

Line 13 - ...तुं जठर लखिल गोपुरानि सिहरानि निवेसयति सत विसिकनं परिहारे हि [।।] अभुत मछरियं च हथीनाव तं परिहर [उपलभते] हय हथी रतन मानिकं [।।] पंडराजा एदानि अनेकानि मुत मनिरतनानि आहारापयति इध सतस [हसानि]

In Mahabharata

Mahabharata mentions about Jathara people as under:

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 describes geography and provinces of Bharatavarsha. Jathara are mentioned along with Kukuras, Kuntis etc.

जठराः कुक्कुशाश चैव सुथाशार्णाश च भारत
कुन्तयॊ ऽवन्तयश चैव तदैवापरकुन्तयः (VI.10.41)

Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions The ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo and the Kshatriyas who came on this occasion. Shloka 57 mentions Vidyutaksha, Dhanurvaktra, Jathara, Marutasana etc.

चतुर्थंष्ट्रॊ ऽषट जिह्वश च मेघनाथः पृदुश्रवाः
विथ्युथ अक्षॊ धनुर वक्त्रॊ जठरॊ मारुताशनः (IX.44.57)
लॊहाश वक्त्रॊ जठरः कुम्भवक्त्रश च कुण्डकः
मद्गुग्रीवश च कृष्णौजा हंसवक्त्रश च चन्द्र भाः (IX.44.57)
महाजठर पादाङ्गास तारकाक्शाश च भारत
पारावत मुखाश चान्ये तदा वृषमुखाः परे (IX.44.80)

Shanti Parva Mahabharata Book XII Chapter 29 mentions:

संवृथ्धॊ युवनाश्वस्य जठरे यॊ महात्मनः
पृषथ आज्यॊथ्भवः शरीमांस तरिलॊकविजयी नृपः Mahabharata (12.29.75)


The Mahabharata Tribe - Jathara (जठर) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Jathara (जठर)

Notable persons

References

  1. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.301
  2. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.301
  3. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.301
  4. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 pp. 245, 246

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