Joga Fort

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Author of this article is Laxman Burdak लक्ष्मण बुरड़क
Joga Fort

Joga Fort is an ancient fort built by Jats in Tahsil-Kannod district Dewas, situated on the border of Dewas and Harda districts in Madhya Pradesh. Fort was built by Joga Singh Rao.[1]

Location

Location of Village Bain Jagwara, tah:Khategaon, dist: Dewas
Map of Harda District

It is located in the middle of Narmada River at a distance of 8 km from a small town called 'Bai Jog Bada' in Khategaon tahsil of Dewas district. It is a beautiful tourist spot full of natural beauty and biodiversity. [2] It is located on a hillock in Narmada between Fatehgarh (northern bank) 9 km in west from village Baijagwada of Kannod tahsil district Dewas and Jogakhurd village of Harda district on southern bank. [3]

Nearby cities: Piplani::Village-,Tahsil-Kannod,Distt.-Dewas (Madhya Pradesh) India 455332, Khategaon, Atarsama, Coordinates: 22°25'40"N 76°47'44"E

History

Joga Fort Gate, Image by Anil Gulati

This fort was built by two Jat warrior brothers Bhoga and Joga. They were contemporary of Alha and Udal warriors in the Army of Chandel rulers. Chandela rulers made them the governor of Nimar province where they ruled continuously till the rein of Mugals and Marathas. The great warrior Joga Singh Rao got constructed this fort. The elder brother Bhoga was killed in a war and Joga ascended to the throne. The folk tradition reveals that Joga loved one Gujar woman. It is believed that even after becoming the rani, the Gujari used to go by a secret route to take bath in the Narmada River and bring drinking water herself. There is a large population of Jats and Gujars surrounding the area. [4]

About 20 Kms down-stream of Nabhi point is Joga-ka-Quilla, an old strong rock fort in the middle of the river Narmada. Once upon a time this fort was used as a barrack to house armed forces. It has many special characteristics like inaccessibility to enemy and strategic location, beside strong exteriors. There are concealed deep wells, with water drawing facility. This fort was probably repaired by Hoshang Shah or Sultan Hushang Shah Gori. Hoshang Shah renamed Hoshangabad city in his own name which was earlier called Narmadapur after the river Narmada. Hoshang Shah was the second king of Mandu (Malwa) in early 15th century.[5]

The fort is still a site of unique beauty. The area surrounding the fort in a radius of about 25 km is good natural forest. It is situated on a 1000 metre high island above Narmada waters. It still reveals the history of Jat warriors even after 800 years have passed. [6]

Eklingaji Temple Inscription of 1488 AD tells us that as a young prince Lakha of Mewar defeated Joga Durgadhipati and got in booty the horses and elephants. [7]

Urgent need

Local tradition reveals that there is a huge treasure buried under the fort. There are people who are blasting parts of the fort by dynamite to find the hidden treasure. There is urgent need to take care of the fort by Archaeological Survey of India and explore the history.

This fort is not connected by any public transport system. The public transport is through road upto the village 'Bai Jog Bada'. One has to reach the fort by trucks of Madhya Pradesh Forest Department or the Electricity Department. [8]

A national monument coming under submergence of Indira Sagar Project

The fort is constructed on a high altitude island made by two streams of the Narmada, on the north of village Joga. The main stream of Narmada flows on the north of the island and another little smaller stream, which bifurcates from the main stream just encircles the island and joins the main stream on the west. There is an extension of the fort on the north towards the main stream of the Narmada where a bastion-cum-well was constructed. The well within the bastion gets submerged during the high floods. Since the bastion cum well is an important and integral part of the fort which was originally used as a source of water, it was essential to preserve the same from the scouring effect of the river water which was bound to rise due to construction of Indira Sagar dam. It was decided to have a safeguard wall around the structure which was recommended by the technical team of Archeological Survey of India (ASI), Bhopal circle in the interest of this nationally protected monument. This paper deals with the challenges and difficulties faced during the construction of the safeguard wall.[9]

References

  1. Ram Niwas Jat (Mali): Purusharth, Jat Sabha Bhopal-2014,p.39
  2. Chaudhary Raghuvir Singh: Joga Kila, Jat-Veer Smarika, Gwalior, 1987-88, pp. 49-50
  3. Ram Niwas Jat (Mali): Purusharth, Jat Sabha Bhopal-2014,p.39
  4. Chaudhary Raghuvir Singh: Joga Kila, Jat-Veer Smarika, Gwalior, 1987-88, pp. 49-50
  5. Hoshangabad District Government Website
  6. Chaudhary Raghuvir Singh: Joga Kila, Jat-Veer Smarika, Gwalior, 1987-88, pp. 49-50
  7. डॉ गोपीनाथ शर्मा: 'राजस्थान के इतिहास के स्त्रोत', 1983, पृ.154-56
  8. Chaudhary Raghuvir Singh: Joga Kila, Jat-Veer Smarika, Gwalior, 1987-88, pp. 49-50
  9. Protection of Joga fort – A national monument coming under submergence of Indira Sagar Project

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