Kapahi

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Kapahi (कपही)[1] Kapai (कपाई)/(कपाही) is a gotra of Jats.[2] Kapai (कपाई), Jat clan is found in Multan.[3]

Origin

Gotra started after place called Kapisha (कपिशा). [4]

Kapahi (कपाही), (of the colour of the cotton-plant dower) , a section of the Khattris.[5]

In Mahabharata

Mahabharata Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions names of combatants armed with diverse weapons and clad in diverse kinds of robes and ornaments, All of them came to the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo. Shalya Parva in Sanskrit mentions in shloka 53 Kapahi along with Kanchaps as under:

द्रॊण शरवाः कपिस्कन्धः काञ्चनाक्षॊ जलं धमः
अक्षसंतर्जनॊ राजन कुनदीकस तमॊ ऽभरकृत (Mahabharata.IX.44)

History

Bhim Singh Dahiya writes about Kapāhi that these people, now found among the Jats as well as among the Khatris in Punjab, are to be identified with Kaphaios of Alexander's historians. It is also possible that the people called Ekpada (one footed) in Brihat Samhitā are but these people whose name is wrongly Sanskritised. Kapahi is very much like Ekapahi in pronunciation and means one footed in the later sense, hence this suggestion. [6]

Tej Ram Sharma writes about Kapiia [7] : It is a name based on colour. Kapiia means 'monkey-coloured' or 'yellow-coloured'. He was one of the teachers of the Mahesvara cult and has been mentioned as Bhagavan Kapiia.[8]

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Sangrur district

Distribution in Pakistan

Kapahi/Kapai Jats are found in Multan area in Pakistan.[9],[10]

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. क-91
  2. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.297
  3. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/K,p.475
  4. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 233
  5. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/K,p.475
  6. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Bhim Singh Dahiya, p.338
  7. Mathura Pillar Inscription of Chandragupta II Regnal Year 5, Gupta Year 61 ( = A.D. 380) GJ. XXI, p. 8;Hz. p. 227 (No. 41, L. 6)
  8. Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Names of Brahmanas ; Jainas and Bauddhas, p. 93
  9. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Bhim Singh Dahiya, p. 334
  10. Rose:'Tribes and Castes', Vol. II, p. 475

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