Khosa

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Khosa (खोसा)[1] [2] Khosya (खोश्या/खोस्या) Khosar (खोसर)[3] [4] is gotra of Jats found in Punjab,Haryana,Rajasthan. [5] Khosa (खोसा) clan is found in Afghanistan.[6] Khosar (खोसर) Jat clan is found in Multan, Pakistan.[7] It is an important tribe of Punjab (Pakistan).[8]

Origin

Khosa in Sindhi means robber (and also 'fever').[9]

History

H.A. Rose [10] writes that Khosa (खोसा ) tribe of Jats are said to be of Tur origin and to have been expelled from Delhi by the Chauhans. The people so plundered were called Khosas. The more usual folk-etymology makes Khosa = plunderer, not plundered. They used to wear the janeo, but after contracting unions with Jats they gave it up, except at Rattiar in Moga tahsil in Ferozepur, where the Khosas still wear it, avoiding social inter-course with other Khosas. The Khosas hold the title in reverence because in the flight from Delhi an eagle saved a new-born child in the usual way. At weddings bread is still thrown to kites. The boy's name was Bhai Randhir and Khosa Randhir in Moga is named after him. His pond in this village is the scene of a mela held there in Magh and all Khosas have their wishes fulfilled or fulfil their vows there. Another special custom at Khosa weddings is that when the bride reaches the bridegroom's house the Dum conceals the takkula of a spinning wheel in the village dung-heaps, and the pair are made to search for it by the common till they find it.

Bhim Singh Dahiya writes about Khosar that in the history of Mauryas when they were attacking southern India we come across a warlike people who are named 'Kosar'. In fact these Kosar people were the vanguard of the Mauryan army as per Tamil literature. Like the Mauryas, they were also from the north and not from the south. They are to be identified as the Khosar clan of the Jats. [11][12]

Garcha, Sirhe, Nain, Chandarh, Dhande, Kandhole and Khosa Jatts are close kins who are thought to come from Turkistan (Scythian empire) in early history.

Khosa are mentioned as a branch of Jadubansi Abhiras mostly found in the Ahirwati and Hariana.[13]

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Hanumagarh district

Pilibanga,

Villages in Baran district

Kelwara (केलवाडा),

Distribution in Uttar pradesh

Villages in Bijnor district

Mubarakpur Khosha,

Villages in Lakhimpur district

Lakhimpur,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Jalandhar district

Jamaitgarh Alias Khosa ,

Villages in Firozpur district

In Firozpur district the Khosa population is 9,000. [14]

Villages in Ludhiana district

Deva Khosa

Villages in Moga district

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. 75
  2. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.298
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ख-75
  4. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.298
  5. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998,
  6. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.183
  7. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/K,p.550
  8. Punjabi Muslalman by J M Wikely
  9. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.43
  10. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/K,p.550
  11. R.B. Pandey, Vikramadita of Ujjayini.
  12. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Bhim Singh Dahiya, p.338
  13. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/A,p.5
  14. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon.p.127

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