Kota

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District Map of Kota

Kota (Hindi:कोटा) formerly known as Kotah, is a city in the northern Indian state of Rajasthan. Situated on the banks of Chambal River, the city is the trade centre.

Origin

Present Day Kota owes its foundations to a Kotya Bhil warrior who 800 years ago built a small fortification at akelgarh and put up a protective mud-wall around it all the way to Retwali.

Tahsils in Kota

Jat history

Maharaja Shalendra was a Jat King in early fifth century in Punjab. After the fall of Kushan empire in India Jats had many small republics. There was no prominent Jat king for about two centuries after Kushans. But Maharaja Shalendra in fifth century again established a kingdom, which extended from Punjab to Malwa and Rajasthan. James Tod found an inscription in 1820 AD at village ‘Kanswa’ in Kota state. Tod in ‘Tod Rajasthan’ has described it and salient features of this inscription are as under:[1]

1. Shalendra was a ruler of Shalpuri, the modern Sialkot. He got this state with his own strength.

2. He had a big army and possessed rich treasury.

3. He was Shuryavanshi Jat.

4. He left Buddhism and adopted Puranic religion.

5. The fort of Taxila was under his domains.

6. His son in law married with Yadav Vanshi girls indicates that he was a Taxak Suryavanshi Jat.

7. The chronology of the ruler Maharaja Shalendra is as under: 1. Maharaja Shalendra 2. Dogla 3. Sambuk 4. Degali 5. Veer Narendra.

8. Due to attack of Hunas, the kingdom of descendants of Shalendra was destroyed who moved to Malwa where in samvat 597 (540 AD) Veer Chandra’s son Shalichandra built a temple in village Kanswa on the bank of Taveli River and put inscription in memory of their rule.

List of protected monuments by archaeological survey of India in Rajasthan in kota district has three sites:[2]

  1. Charchoma-Shiva Temple and two unpublished Gupta Inscriptions
  2. Dara- Temple, Fortwall and Statues
  3. Kanswa - Kanswa or Kansua temple with a four faced Shiva Lingam. The Temple is with Inscription of Jat Raja Salindra. It is located at a distance of 6 km from Kota City. The Shiva temple was constructed by Mauryas in 8th century.[3]

Kanswa Inscription of Dhavala Maurya 738 AD

कणसवा का लेख 738 ई. - कोटा के निकट कणसवा गांव के शिवालय में लगा हुआ यह लेख सं. 795 का है. [4]इसमें धवल नामक राजा का नाम है जो मौर्य वंशी राजा था. इस उल्लेख के बाद अन्य किसी मौर्य वंशी (मोरी) राजाओं का राजस्थान में वर्णन नहीं मिलता है, जिससे इस शिलालेख का महत्व और अधिक बढ जाता है.

इन प्रमाणों से मौर्यों का राजस्थान में अधिकार और प्रभाव स्पष्ट होता है। हर्षवर्धन की मृत्यु के बाद भारत की राजनीतिक एकता पुनः विघटित होने लगी. इस युग में भारत में अनेक नये राजवंशों का अभ्युदय हुआ.

Jat Gotras

Notable persons

  • Hari Singh (Khokhiya) - DFO Forest, Date of Birth : 2-February-1949, Present Address : C-227, Talwandi, Kota,(Raj.) Phone: 0744-2411009, Mob: 9414364721
  • Jaswant Singh Choudhary (Jurela) - X. EN. PWD, Date of Birth : 28-June-1950,Present Address : 34, Railway Housing Society,Mala Road, Kota,Phone: 9414231088, Mob: 9413300818
  • Naveen Dhankhar (Dhankhar) - Manager Shriram Vinyl And Chemicals, Date of Birth : 22-September-1978, Permanent Address : HOUSE NO 2-M-13, Dadabari Additional ,Kota

Present Address : 719, Shivgyan Enclave ,Nirman Nagar ,Jaipur, Rajasthan, Mob: 9829028067 Email Address : ndhankhar@rediffmail.com

Gallery

Reference

  1. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992, pp. 208-211.
  2. http://museumsrajasthan.gov.in/mounment_11.htm
  3. मोहन लाल गुप्ता: राजस्थान ज्ञान-कोष, p.531
  4. डॉ गोपीनाथ शर्मा: 'राजस्थान के इतिहास के स्त्रोत', 1983, पृ.53. टाड, राजस्थान, जि. 2, पृ.919-22

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