Maharashtra

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Map of Maharashtra showing districts

Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्र) is India's third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. It is bordered by the states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The Arabian Sea makes up the state's western coast. Mumbai (Bombay), India's largest city, is the capital of Maharashtra.

Maharashtra was known as Rashtra in the Rig Veda, Rashtrika in Ashoka's inscriptions, and Maha rashtra afterwards, as attested by Huein-Tsang and other travellers. The name appears to have been derived from Maharashtri, in an old form of Prakrit, an ancient Indian language.

Divisions and Districts

The six administrative divisions in Maharashtra state are Amravati Division, Aurangabad Division, Konkan Division, Nagpur Division, Nashik Division, Pune Division.

Nashik Nashik, Dhule, Jalgaon, Ahmednagar and Nandurbar
Aurangabad Aurangabad, Jalna, Latur, Nanded, Osmanabad, Parbhani, Hingoli and Beed
Amravati Amravati, Akola, Washim, Buldhana and Yavatmal
Nagpur Nagpur, Chandrapur, Wardha, Bhandara, Gondia and Gadchiroli
Mumbai (Konkan) Mumbai, Mumbai Suburban (Mumbai Upanagar), Thane, Raigad, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg
Poona Poona, Satara, Sangli, Solapur and Kolhapur


Jats in Maharashtra

Maharashtra is the state which is not normally regarded as having any Jat population. It is not true. The Jats had gone to some parts of Maharastra about 4 – 5 generations back. They are settled in the interior areas and doing cultivation. They came from states like Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana etc.

महाराष्ट्र के जाटों इतिहास

320 वर्ष पूर्व जाटों के दल राजस्थान, हरयाणा, दिल्ली व उत्तर प्रदेश के विभिन्न भागों से ग्वालियर, झांसी व सागर के मार्ग से नरसिंहपुर जिले के क्षेत्र में प्रविष्ट हुए थे। इस काल में पिंडारियों का आतंक था। जाटों ने उनसे संघर्ष किया और खदेड़ दिया। जाटों के उस समय तीन दल आये थे। एक दल सागर के आसपास रुका और वहाँ के निवासी हो गए। इनमें से प्रमुख राजनेता श्री रघु ठाकुर हैं। सागर से आगे जाटों का दल गया उसने नरसिंहपुर के आसपास के गाँवों पर कब्ज़ा किया और वहाँ बस गए। जाटों के आगमन के पूर्व नरसिंहपुर का नाम 'गडरिया खेड़ा' था 'गडरिया खेड़ा' पर निवास करते हुए जाटों ने एक विशाल नरसिंह भगवान के मंदिर का निर्माण प्रारम्भ किया। साथ ही एक किलेनुमा गढ़ी का निर्माण कराया। यह गढ़ी वर्त्तमान में राव साहब की बाखर कहलाती है। इस बखर से दो भूमिगत सुरंगों का निर्माण करवाया जो 'श्री देव नरसिंह भगवान' के मंदिर से जुड़ती हैं। एक सुरंग से जाट राजा, जाट सरदार तथा दूसरी सुरंग से संभ्रांत महिलायें आकर नरसिंह भगवान के दर्शन करती थी, शिव भगवान को अभिषेक करती थी। नरसिंह भगवान का मंदिर 28 वर्षों में पूर्ण हुआ। इस मंदिर के पीछे 18 एकड़ में एक विशाल सरोवर बनाया गया जिसे 'नरसिंह तालाब' के नाम से जाना जाता है। ये सभी निर्माण कार्य पूर्ण होने पर लगभग 285 वर्ष पूर्व नरसिंह भगवान की प्रतिमा विधि-विधान से स्थापित की। इसी दिवस पर गडरिया खेड़ा का नाम नरसिंह भगवान के नाम पर नरसिंहपुर रखा गया।

जाटों का आखिरी दल महाराष्ट्र के बरार क्षेत्र के जिला अकोला, अमरावती, यवतमाल आदि पहुंचे इन जिलों के अनेक गाँवों में जाटों का निवास है। नागपुर नगर निगम में चौधरी देशराज कई वर्षों महापौर के पद पर आसीन रहे हैं।

सन्दर्भ - जाट-शक्ति, रतलाम, दिनांक 7 मार्च 2014, लेखक: ठाकुर सत्येन्द्र सिंह, तलापर स्कूल के पास, संजयवार्ड, नरसिंहपुर, मो. 09425169149

Villages of Jat Bavisi khap

Jats are dwelling in Nasik, Jalgaon, Dhuliya, Aurangabad, Amravati districts. The Jat villages in these areas are called ‘Bavisi’. It is a Khap of Jats of 22 villages, which are:

  • Jalgaon (जलगाँव) - 14. Pinjarpada (पिंजारपाड़ा) (Ramnagar), 15. Rajur (राजूर), 16. Manur (मनुर), 17. Talonda (तलोंदा),
  • Jalna (जालना) - 21. Lodhewadi (लोधेवाड़ी), 22. Bamnod (बामनोद).

Chaudhari Dhan Singh Sahrawat, Village Naradana (नारादाना), PO:Kalwari, Tahsil: Nasik, District Nasik, is Pradhan of Jat Baisi of Maharashtra.

Jat inhabited districts

Jat Villages in Dhule district

Jat Villages in Nasik district

Jat Villages in Jalgaon district

  • Londha (लोंढा) in tehsil Chalisgaon (Jalgaon),

Jat Villages in Aurangabad district

Jat Villages in Jalna district

Jat Villages in Buldhana district

Jat Villages in Akola district

Akola,

Jat Villages in Amrawti district

Amrawti (Pardi Via Badnera), Anjangaon,

Jat Villages in Wardha district

Kasar Khera, Vardha, Hinganghat,

Jat Villages in Chandrapur district

Chandrapur,

Jat Villages in Sangli district

There is one taluka named Jat in Sangli district situated in south Maharashtra.


Jat Villages in Solapur district

  • Karmala - Solapur district, Village has Lakhawat Gotra. Ref. - Ram Karan Lakhawat, Karmala, Mob:9325119460, 999335566131.[1]

Jats live in other districts of Maharashtra also. The villages where Jats live are Ripur, Jatola.

Jat Bavisi

Everyone is aware of Meham 24si, This is Khap of 24 villages of Jats which include other castes also. But the name Jat 22si is not known to many. A very few people know about it. The name of Jat 22si is based on historical fact. About 180 kms from Mumbai is Malegaon the teshil of Nasik Dist in Maharastra. There are around 22 small villages of Jats.

In 3rd battle of Panipat, Peshwa Brahman Maratha brought around 4000 families with them. When they lost some families were killed and rest took refuge in the Fort of Maharaja Surajmal. Maharaja Surajmal, in the fiery winter of 1761 (jan) took care of injured and others. For the safety of the families while returning Maharaja Surajmal sent his soldiers with them. Who took them to their homes with respect and safety, which was far off from illusion at that time. Maratha Samaj was so impressed by Maharaja Surajmal and his soldiers for the care and respect they gave to them that they married their daughters to the soldiers who accompanied them. They (Soldiers) settled down there after marriage. Time passed but today after 245 years, 22 villages are blooming in that area, Whose occupation is farming. Same happened to their fate as what has happened to Jats in other part of the Country. There is no other example in world like the above one.

The cine star Dharmendra has built a high school in the name of his mother Sant Kaur Devi in Tokra village. For the first time in mumbai Darmendra has also built a Jat Sabha and Jat Bhawan. Every Jat should be proud of what Dharmendra has done. The Gottars of JATs staying in 22 villages are- Mann, Jakhar, Sihag, Sehrawat, Dhaiya, Bijarnia, Jhinjar, Nimadiya, Punia, Gill, Beniwal, Sangwan (70 families) etc.

The president of Jat 22si is Ch. Dhan Singh Sehrawat whose Address is :- Village - Naradana, Post - Kalwadi, Teh - Malegaon, Dist - Nasik, State - Maharastra WardhaSevagram Rajesh Jaysingh Siyag : At. Sevagram, Tah-Wardha Dist. Wardha Maharashtra 9422334003

Notable Jats from the Jat Bawisi

Some notable Jats from the Jat Bawisi of Maharashtra are:*Kailas Sheshrao Bijarane.Rajur == Bank Manager

Festivals by Jats

The Jats in the region celebrate Gokul ashtmi (Janmashtmi) with great preparations in each house. Other festivals Jats celebrate are Diwali, Dashara, Pola, Rakshabandhan, Ramnavami, Shivratri, Holi etc.

Language and culture

There is a great similarity in culture of farming communities of Maharashtra and that of Jat belt in north India. The living of Local Marathas is amost equal to Jats. The areas look like Jat areas are Pune, Satara, Sangli, Kolhapur etc. The pehalwans of this area are famous.

The pronunciation of some of the words like pani (water) , gavadi (cow), bheent (wall), bhijna (to get wet), cha/chaha (tea), handna/hindna (to roam), alla/ola (wet), Gaavti (desi murga), Kanda (Onion), Jiman (Lunch), Pawane(Guest) etc are similar in Marathi and the Jat Languages. The existence of ‘L’ (ळ) is found in Marathi and Jat Languages only and not in other language. Water is pronounced as paani (पाणी) in both regions.

Jat Gotras in Maharashtra

The list of Jat gotras found in Maharashtra state is given below. Some of clans pronunciated differently in that local area have been given in the bracket. Aulakh (Walan), Bajad, Baje, Bebla, Barad, Behra, Beniwal, Bher, Bichhu, Bijarnia(Bijarne), Birang, Chaudhary, Chharang, Chopra, Chune, Dahiya(Dahe), Darakha, Deol, Dhan, Dhanda, Dhariwal, Dingar, Durasra, Gadar, Gill, Godara, Goyat (Gohel), Hal, Indolia (Hindane), Jakhar, Jhajra, Jhinjhar, Johni, Ka, Kachha, Kala, Karil, Katar, Kate, Kohad, Lakhawat, Lalwane, Lathar, Legha, Lidrad, Logha, Maan, Nakhal, Nehra, Nimde, Nitharwal, Pagal, Paras, Phoge, Punia (Pune), Ragi, Rah, Randhawa, Rasoda, Rathor, Rojh, Sangera, Sangwan, Sarag, Sardan, Sehrawat (Sarawat), Shemad, Shia, Shiwar, Sihag, Sindhu, Sumrao, Suran, Teja, Todawat, Siyag,

References

  1. Jat Vaibhav Smarika Khategaon, 2010, p. 120

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