Mandavya

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Mandavya (माण्डव्य) was a Nagavanshi mahapurusha.

Mandavya was Son of Mātanga and Ditthamangalikā. For his story see the Mātanga Jātaka. Mandavya is given as an example of conception by umbilical attrition. Mil.123f.; Sp.i.214.

Jat Gotras from Mandavya

  • Mudwara (मुड़वाड़ा) Mudwada (मुड़वाड़ा) Mudwaria (मुड़वाड़िया) Mudwariya (मुड़वाड़िया) Mudwadiya (मुड़वाड़िया) Mundwaria (मुंडवाडिया) Mundwadia (मुंडवाडिया) gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh are descendants of Nagavanshi mahapurusha Mandavya (माण्डव्य). [1]
  • Mandla (मंडला) gotra of Jats found in Punjab originated from Rishi Mandavya (मांडव्य). [2]

Mandavya in Kanhadīpāyana Jātaka (No.444)

During the reign of Kosambika in Kosambī, two brahmins, Dīpāyana and Mandavya, gave away their vast wealth and lived for fifty years as ascetics in Himavā. After that, while on a pilgrimage to Benares, they were entertained by a householder who was also named Mandavya. Dīpāyana journeyed on while the ascetic Mandavya remained in a cemetery near Benares. There some robbers left some stolen goods outside his hut, and Mandavya, being charged before the king, was impaled, but by virtue of his great powers he continued to live. Dīpāyana came to see his friend, and finding him thus and learning that he bore no ill-will towards anyone, took up his abode under his impaled body. Gouts of gore fell from Mandavya's wound on to Dīpāyana's golden body and there dried, forming black spots; so he came to be called Kanha-Dīpāyana. When the king heard of this, he had Mandavya released with a piece of the stake still inside him, on account of which he came to be called āni-Mandavya. Dīpāyana returned to the householder Mandavya, whose son Yaññadatta he helped to heal by an Act of Truth, the child having been bitten by a snake while playing ball. The lad's parents then performed acts of Truth. In this declaration of Truth it was disclosed that Dīpāyana had no desire for the ascetic life, that the father did not believe in the fruits of generosity, and that the mother had no love for her husband. They thereupon admonished each other and agreed to mend their ways.

The Mandavya of the story was Ananda, his wife Visākhā, the son Rāhula, āni-Mandavya Sāriputta and Kanha-Dīpāyana the Bodhisatta (J.iv.27ff). The occasion for the story is the same as that for the Kusa Jātaka. In one verse Kanha-Dīpāyana is addressed merely as Kanha (Ibid., p.33).[3]

The story is also given in the Cariyāpitaka (p.99f).

Mandavya in Mahabharata

Mandavya was a sage wrongly punished by the king by being impaled as the chief of robbers who had clandestinely hidden their stolen goods in a corner of his hermitage when he was in deep contemplation. Lord Yama gave him this punishment for having tortured birds and bees in his childhood. At this Mandavya cursed Dharma, as his punishment exceeded the sins committed as a child in ignorance. Therefore he cursed him to be born in the mortal world. He was born as Vidura, the wise, to the servant maid of Ambalika, wife of King Vichitravirya, who offered her to Sage Vyasa in place of Ambalika.[4]

We find Mandavya mentioned in Mahabharata at various places:

  • Mahabharata (1.106.6000) - And Vidura was free from desire and passion and was conversant with the rules of government, and was the god of justice born on earth under the curse of the illustrious Rishi Mandavya.
  • Mahabharata (1.107.6006) - Vaisampayana said, There was a Brahmana known by the name of Mandavya.
  • Mahabharata (1.108.6037) - And for the circumstances of a part of the stake being within his body, he came to be known in the three worlds by the name of Ani-Mandavya Mandavya with the stake within.
  • Mahabharata (5.189.8501) - Proceeding next one after another to the asylum, O king, of Narada, and to the auspicious asylum of Uluka and to that of Chyavana, and to the spot sacred to Brahmana, and to Prayaga the sacrificial platform of the gods, and to that forest sacred to the gods, and to Bhogawati, and, O monarch, to the asylum of Kusika's son Viswamitra, and to the asylum of Mandavya, and also to the asylum of Dwilipa, and to Ramhrada, and, O Kaurava, to the asylum of Garga, the princess of Kasi, O king, performed ablutions in the sacred waters of all these, observing all the while the most difficult of vows.
  • Mahabharata (12.47.2294) - Surrounded by Vyasa conversant with the Vedas by the celestial Rishi Narada, by Devasthana, by Asmaka Sumantu, by Jaimini, by the high-souled Paila, by Sandilya, by Devarata, by Maitreya of great intelligence, by Asita and Vasishtha and the high-souled Kausika, by Harita and Lomasa and Atri's son of great intelligence, by Vrihaspati and Sukra and the great sage Chyavana, by Sanatkumara and Kapila and Valmiki and Tumvuru and Kuru, by Maudgalya and Rama of Bhrigu's race, and the great sage Trinavindu, by Pippalada and Vayu and Samvarta and Pulaha and Katha, by Kasyapa and Pulastya and Kratu and Daksha and Parasara, by Marichi and Angiras and Kasmya and Gautama and the sage Galava, by Dhaumya and Vibhanda and Mandavya and Dhaumra and Krishnanubhautika, by Uluka, that foremost of Brahmanas and the great sage Markandeya, by Bhaskari and Purana and Krishna and Suta, that foremost of virtuous persons, surrounded by these and many other highly-blessed sages of great souls and possessed of faith and self-restraint and tranquillity of mind, the Kuru hero looked like the Moon in the midst of the planets and the stars.
  • Mahabharata (12.275.16871) - Bhishma said, In this connection is cited the old narrative of what was said by the ruler of the Videhas unto the enquiring Mandavya.
  • Mahabharata (12.275.16887) Hearing these words of the king, the Brahmana became filled with joy, and applauding what he heard, Mandavya betook himself to the path of Emancipation
  • Mahabharata (13.18.2845) - Mandavya said, In former times though not a thief and yet wrongly suspected of theft, I was impaled under the orders of a king.
  • Mahabharata (15.28.1107) - Through the curse of Mandavya, the deity of Righteousness became born as Vidura.
  • Mahabharata (15.28.1111) - The eternal deity of Righteousness was stupefied by the Rishi Mandavya with an expenditure of his penances earned for a long time with great care

References

  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 275
  2. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p.276
  3. http://www.palikanon.com/english/pali_names/ka/kanhadiipaayana_jat_444.htm
  4. http://www.india-intro.com/ancestors-of-pandavas-and-kauravas

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