Madhur

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Madhur (मधुर)/Madhuria (मधुरिया)/Mithe (मीठे)[1] Meethe (मीठे)[2] Mitha (मिठा)[3] [4] Meetha (मीठा)[5] is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Bihar. Mitha (मीठा) clan found in Afghanistan. [6]

Origin

  • They behaved as a sweet poison for the enemies so they were called Mithe meaning sweet. [8]

History

Mitha are mentioned as a branch of Jadubansi Abhiras mostly found in the Ahirwati and Hariana.[10]

Raja Bhagmal belonged to this gotra.

H.A. Rose[11] mentions that Dhariwal, Dhāriwāl, Dhaniwāl or Dhāliwāl, (or, in Karnal, Phor) Jats, for the name is spelt in all three ways, are said to be Bhattis, and to take their name from their place of origin Dharanagar. They say that Akbar married the daughter* of their chief, Mihr Mitha. They are found chiefly on the Upper Sutlej and in the fertile district to the west, their head-quarters being the north-western corner of the Malwa, or Ludhiana, Ferozepur, and the adjoining parts of Patiala. Mr. Brandreth describes them as splendid cultivators, and the most peaceful and con- tented portion of the population of the tract. Akbar conferred the title of Mian on Mihr Mitha and gave him 120 villages round Dhaula Kangar†† in jāgir. The Dhariwal have undoubtedly been settled in that part from an early period, and the south-east angle of the Moga tahsil is still called the Dhaliwal tappa. Mitha's descendants are still called Mian, but they are said not to have been converted to Islam though for several generations their leaders bore distinctly Muhammadan names. However this may be Mihr Mitha is now their sidh with a shrine at Lallawala in Patiala, and on the 2nd sudi of each month sweetened- bread and milk are offered to it. In Sialkot, however, their sidh is called Bhoi and his seat is said to be at Janer§ Fatta.

The Dhariwal are divided into two groups, Udhi or Odi and Moni or Muni (who alone are said to be followers of Mihr Mitha in Gujranwala) .

* As her dower 100 ghumaos of land were given her at Kangar and this land was transferred to Delhi and kept as the burial ground of the Mughal emperors !
Mihr or Mahr, 'chief,' and Mitha, a name unknown to Akbar's historians
†† Dhaula, the ' white ' house or palace. Kangar is in Patiala territory to the south-east of Moga.
§ Janer is described by Cunningham, Arch. Survey Reports XIV, 67—69.
II Punjab Customary Law, II, p. 132,

H.A. Rose[12] writes about Chauhan (चौहान), a great Rajput tribe, one of the Agnikulas, and also one of the 36 (royal) ruling races. Tod calls them the most valiant of the whole Rajput race, and to them belonged Pirthi Raj, the last Hindu ruler of Hindustan. Before the seat of their power was moved to Delhi, Ajmer* and Sambhar in Jaipur seem to have been their home. After their ejectment from Delhi they are said to have crossed the Jumna to Sambhal in Muradabad, and there still dwell the genealogists and bards of the Chauhan of the Nardak of Karnal and Ambala in which Districts they have retained their dominant position more than elsewhere in the Punjab.

The Chauhans in Ambala claim to belong to the Bachas got and to be of Surajbans descent. In this District they hold 169 villages, and their traditions give them the following pedigree and history :-
Raja Nanak Rao, took Sambhal in Muradabad.
Ralla-kund.
Rana Harra††: in the 5th generation founded
Pandri and Habri, c. 988 A.D.

Augha, ancestor of the Adhoa Rajputs. + Rantha.§ (→Subh Mal).


* The Ambala traditions mention Alal-kundor-puri as their seat before Ajmer was founded. They also add that Rana Har Rai founded Jundla in the Panipat tahsil: thence the Chauhan spread northwards. In Karnal their chaudhriats are Gumthala, Rao Sambhli, Habri and, chief of all, Jundla.
For the Chauhan migrations and their conquest of the Pundirs see the article on Raputs.
†† Rana Harra also had four illegitimate sons, by a Rorni, a Gujari, a Jatni and a Hujamni respectively. The latter's son. Kawal Raj, founded a bāra or group of 12 villages, of Rajputs : the Jatni's son, Bhadhi, was the ancestor of the Mudhul (=Madhur) Jats who hold two bārās, one in Kalsora in Thanesar, the other in Saharanpur. But the Karnal tradition is different. It assigns to Rana Harrai two Rajput wives and five of inferior status, viz., Rorni, wose descendants form the Dopla got of the Ror's, a Jatni, a Gujari, a Jogin and a Nain. The descendants of the two latter are the Rajputs of Mustafabad pargava in Jagadhri tahsil, while the Jatni's and Gujari's progeny appear to have settled east of the Jumna.
§ Rantha or Ranta was the son of Rana Har Rai's old age and his step-brothers disputed his legitimacy. So he appealed to the king of Delhi and his mother said that she had fed the Rana on dolah, a fish supposed to possess aphrodisiac qualities. The king declared that Ranti's sweat would smell of the fish if he were legitimate, he fulfilled the test and was declared legitimate.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Madhur (मधुर) gotra Jats live in Jaipur district in Rajasthan.

Locations in Jaipur city

Sanjay Colony,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

The Meethe Khap has six villages in Mathura district in Uttar Pradesh.

Villages in Firozabad district

Chhichhamai,

Villages in Mathura district

Karsora, [13]

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Gurdaspur district

Mitha named village is in Gurdaspur tahsil of Gurdaspur district in Punjab, India.

Villages in Firozpur district

Mithe names village is in in Zira Tahsil in Firozpur district in Punjab.

Villages in Kapurthala district

Distribution in Bihar

Meetha (मीठा) gotra Jats are found in Bihar.[14]

See also

References

  1. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.55, s.n. 1968
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-8
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-76
  4. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.241, s.n.147
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-29
  6. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.28,78
  7. तुहनश च तुहानश च चित्रथेवश च वीर्यवान ।मधुरः सुप्रसाथश च किरीटी च महाबलः IX.44.66
  8. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p.274
  9. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III,p.242
  10. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/A,p.5
  11. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/D, p.236
  12. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.156
  13. Jat Bandhu, Agra, April 1991
  14. हवा सिंह सांगवान:असली लुटरे कौन, 2009, पृ. 84

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