Madhur

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Madhur (मधुर)/Madhuria (मधुरिया)/Mithe (मीठे)[1] Meethe (मीठे)[2] Mitha (मिठा)[3] [4] Meetha (मीठा)[5] is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Bihar. Mitha (मीठा) clan found in Afghanistan. [6]

Origin

  • They behaved as a sweet poison for the enemies so they were called Mithe meaning sweet. [8]

History

Mitha are mentioned as a branch of Jadubansi Abhiras mostly found in the Ahirwati and Hariana.[9]

Raja Bhagmal belonged to this gotra.

H.A. Rose[10] mentions that Dhariwal, Dhāriwāl, Dhaniwāl or Dhāliwāl, (or, in Karnal, Phor) Jats, for the name is spelt in all three ways, are said to be Bhattis, and to take their name from their place of origin Dharanagar. They say that Akbar married the daughter* of their chief, Mihr Mitha. They are found chiefly on the Upper Sutlej and in the fertile district to the west, their head-quarters being the north-western corner of the Malwa, or Ludhiana, Ferozepur, and the adjoining parts of Patiala. Mr. Brandreth describes them as splendid cultivators, and the most peaceful and con- tented portion of the population of the tract. Akbar conferred the title of Mian on Mihr Mitha and gave him 120 villages round Dhaula Kangar†† in jāgir. The Dhariwal have undoubtedly been settled in that part from an early period, and the south-east angle of the Moga tahsil is still called the Dhaliwal tappa. Mitha's descendants are still called Mian, but they are said not to have been converted to Islam though for several generations their leaders bore distinctly Muhammadan names. However this may be Mihr Mitha is now their sidh with a shrine at Lallawala in Patiala, and on the 2nd sudi of each month sweetened- bread and milk are offered to it. In Sialkot, however, their sidh is called Bhoi and his seat is said to be at Janer§ Fatta.

The Dhariwal are divided into two groups, Udhi or Odi and Moni or Muni (who alone are said to be followers of Mihr Mitha in Gujranwala) .

* As her dower 100 ghumaos of land were given her at Kangar and this land was transferred to Delhi and kept as the burial ground of the Mughal emperors !
Mihr or Mahr, 'chief,' and Mitha, a name unknown to Akbar's historians
†† Dhaula, the ' white ' house or palace. Kangar is in Patiala territory to the south-east of Moga.
§ Janer is described by Cunningham, Arch. Survey Reports XIV, 67—69.
II Punjab Customary Law, II, p. 132,

Distribution in Rajasthan

Madhur (मधुर) gotra Jats live in Jaipur district in Rajasthan.

Locations in Jaipur city

Sanjay Colony,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

The Meethe Khap has six villages in Mathura district in Uttar Pradesh.

Villages in Firozabad district

Chhichhamai,

Villages in Mathura district

Karsora, [11]

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Gurdaspur district

Mitha named village is in Gurdaspur tahsil of Gurdaspur district in Punjab, India.

Villages in Firozpur district

Mithe names village is in in Zira Tahsil in Firozpur district in Punjab.

Villages in Kapurthala district

Distribution in Bihar

Meetha (मीठा) gotra Jats are found in Bihar.[12]

See also

References

  1. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.55, s.n. 1968
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-8
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-76
  4. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.241, s.n.147
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. म-29
  6. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.28,78
  7. तुहनश च तुहानश च चित्रथेवश च वीर्यवान ।मधुरः सुप्रसाथश च किरीटी च महाबलः IX.44.66
  8. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p.274
  9. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/A,p.5
  10. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/D, p.236
  11. Jat Bandhu, Agra, April 1991
  12. हवा सिंह सांगवान:असली लुटरे कौन, 2009, पृ. 84

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