Ohlan

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Ohlan (ओहलान[1]/ओहलाण)[2] Ohlyan (ऒह्ल्यान) Aulana (औलान) Oglan (ओगलान) Aughlan (औघलान)[3] gotra Jats are found in Haryana and Madhya Pradesh.It is a branch of Chauhan. Oglan/Oghlan clan clan found in Afghanistan.[4] Ohlan are derivatives of Ahlawats.

Rajatarangini[5] mentions about one Uhlaṇa in 1121 AD.

Origin

  • Ohlan gotra gets name from Ohl Singh Ahlawat.[6]
  • This is the name of Santanava, as per Rigveda where he is given this Patronym of Aulana, as descendant of Ula. The present Oghlan clan of Central Asia are the same as Ohlan Jats in India. [7]

History

Ram Sarup Joon [8] writes that ... Ahlawat and Joon gotras belong to that branch of Solanki which ruled over Kaliani and Watapi (Vatapi) in South India from 5th to 12th century AD. They had a staunch enemy i.e. Raja Rajendra Chol. He attacked them with an army of one hundred thousand strong during the reign of seventh Raja Satish Raj Solanki and seized a major part of the kingdom.

In 1052 AD a new ruler of this dynasty came forth to redeem the old loss. His name was Ahumal and was titles Sameshwar I and Raj Raja. He attacked the Chol kingdom with a large army, conquered it and married Umang Devi daughter of the Chol king. He made Bangi his new capital. This kingdom existed astride the Tunga Bhadra River. Ahumal died in 1068 AD. His dynasty is called Ahlawat.


History of the Jats, End of Page-69


After several generations Bisaldev of this dynasty migrated towards north and settled down in village Nanhakhera (Seria) near Dighal in district Rohtak. He had four sons Olha, Ahlawat, Birmhan and Pehlawat An ancient pond (Birmala) named after Birmhan (Brebhan) is still famous for its sanctity in village Seria (Rohtak). Four new gotras (clans) originated after their names and are found settled in 30 villages around Dighal. Todd and Tarikhe Gujran have recorded this event in "Gazetteer of Rohtak" by Abdul Malik.


Rajatarangini[9] mentions incidence of Sussala becoming king of Kashmir second time in 1121 AD... When the kingdom was thus divided, an untimely fall of snow overwhelmed Bhikshu's army, and it was overcome by Sussala. Bhikshu and Prithvihara again went to Pushpananada, and the Lavanyas paid tribute to the king and submitted to him. The hero Simba, lord of Kampana, subdued the Damaras and quelled all rebellion in Madavarajya.


[p.89]: Now when the enemies had been so much reduced, the king's zeal begin to cool, and he manifested his former enmity towards the men of his own party. When the king's evil designs were rumoured, Uhlaṇa fled. The king in his anger exiled Mallakoshta. Ananda, lord of Dvara, son of Ananta, was imprisoned and Prajji, an inhabitant of Sindhu and born in a royal family, was made lord of Dvara by the king.

H. W. Bellew mentions that Nikodar Oglan "Master Nicholas," the youthful son of the Mughal Emperor, Hulagu Khan, held the Kandahar and Ghor country as his provincial government before he ascended the throne of Persia, 1282 A.D., as ninth emperor of the Changiz Khan dynasty. He was the first of the Mughal sovereigns (as D'Herbelot says, on the authority of Khondamir) who embraced Islam ; when he took the name of Ahmad, and favoured the Muhammadans. [10]

Bhim Singh Dahiya [11]writes that this third quotation taken from A History of Persia throws light on the kingdoms of the Jats in the Central Asia in the fourteenth century A.D.

"The Governor of Mongolia or Jatah at this period was Tughluk Khan, who on seeing the state of anarchy into which Transoxiana had fallen, determined to annex it. He started on an expedition for this purpose in A.H. 761, (1360 A.D.) and marched on Kesh; Haji Barlas, deeming the odds too great offered no defence and fled to Khurasan (Persia) where he was after wards killed by brigands ... to save the situation, Tamerlane, decided to tender his submission to Tughluk Khan ... in the following years, the Khan of Jateh obtained possession of Samarkand and appointed his son Khoja alias Oghlan to the Governorship of Transoxiana with Tamerlane as his Counselor."[12]

Bhim Singh Dahiya [13] further writes that as mentioned above this dynasty was of the Oghlan clan of the Jats who were Buddhists at that time. It should be mentioned that Khan is not a Muslim title, it is a pre-Muslim Central Asian title adopted by many Buddhist kings. It is derived from Khakan/ Kagan/Khan. This title was being used in India, as late as the fourteenth century A.D. Kalhana's Rajatarangini mentions a king, Alakhan of Gujrat (Punjab), and Jonaraja's Chronicles show that at the time of its capture by Sultan Shihabuddin of Kashmir (1354-1373), the ruler of Udabhaṇḍa (modern Und, near Attock), was one Govinda Khan.196 It is also well known to historians that in 1289 A.D. Jat king Arghun, son of Abaga had proposed to the Christians of Khurasan area, a joint attack on the Muslims who were a new rising power in the Oxus region. It was his successor Ghajan Khan who upon his accession to the throne in 1295 A.D., proclaimed himself a Muslim. He was the first Jat king who embraced Islam, and this marked the beginning of the process of conversion of Central Asia to that faith.

अहलावत गोत्र की शाखा

दलीप सिंह अहलावत[14] लिखते हैं:

अहलावत गोत्र के महान् पुरुषों के नाम से ओहलाण,पेहलाण, ब्रह्माण, जून और माड़े गोत्र चले हैं। अतः इनकी रगों में एक ही धारा का खून बह रहा है। कुछ लेखकों ने जून गोत्र को अहलावत, ओहलाण, पेहलाण, ब्रह्माण गोत्रों का सौतेला भाई (मौसी का बेटा) लिखा है और दन्त्तकथा भी यही प्रचलित है। हमारे लेख से स्पष्ट है कि जून गोत्र भी इन चारों गोत्रों का रक्त भाई या एक ही वंश का है। राजा गजसिंह जिसके पुत्र जून और माड़े थे, अहलावत सोलंकी गोत्र का था1। अहलावत, ओहलाण, पेहलाण, ब्रह्माण गोत्रों के आपस में आमने-सामने एवं एक दूसरे की भांजी या भांजा के साथ विवाह नहीं होते हैं। जून ने छोछी गांव बसाया जो कि डीघल के निकट है। इसी गांव से जून गोत्र के 15 गांव बसे हैं -

जिला रोहतक में 1. छोछी 2. नूणा माजरा 3. लोवा 4. खुंगाई 5. समचाणा 6. गद्दी खेड़ी 7. पत्थरहेड़ी 8. देसलपुर 9. अभूपुर, सोनीपत जिले में 10. छतहरा, फरीदाबाद में 11. अजरोंदा, चण्डीगढ़ में 12. मनीमाजरा और देहली प्रान्त में 13. नांगलकबीर 14. ककरोला (कुछ घर) जून जाट गोत्र के हैं।

अहलावत वंश के शाखा गोत्र - 1. ओहलाण 2. पेहलाण 3. ब्रह्माण 4. जून 5. माड़े


Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Bhopal district

Bhopal,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Meerut district

Shekhpuri

Villages in Bijnor district

Ratanpur Riala,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Rohtak district

Bhaini Chander Pal, Ghari Sampla, Mokhara, Mor Khedi,

Villages in Palwal district

Gugera,

Prominent Jats of Ohlan Gotra

  • Sir Chhotu Ram
  • Naveen Kumar Ohlyan
  • Dr. Braham Prakash Ohlan - Govt Service Sr. Scientist National Bureau of Animal Genetics Resources Agriculture, E-2, NBAGR Campus, Karnal. Haryana. 0184-2253918, 0184-2267131 (PP-885)

External links

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.241, s.n.162
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n.ओ-12
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n.औ-14
  4. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.38
  5. Kings of Kashmira Vol 2 (Rajatarangini of Kalhana)/Book VIII,p. 89
  6. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III, p.206
  7. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 279
  8. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, p.69-70, S.No.2
  9. Kings of Kashmira Vol 2 (Rajatarangini of Kalhana)/Book VIII,p. 88-89
  10. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.38
  11. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/The Jats,p.67
  12. See Chachnama, translated by M. K. Beg, Vol II, p. 119.
  13. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/The Jats,p.67
  14. जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ.207

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