Panghal

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Panghal (पंघाल)[1][2] Pangal (पंगाल)/(पंगल)[3] Phangal (फंगाल) Pangal (पंगल)[4] Panghal (पंघल)[5] Panghal (पंघाळ) Pangar (पांगर)[6] Panghar (पांघर)[7] gotra of Jats are found in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan.[8] It is included in list of Chauhans. As per Bhat records these people spread at different places from village Tosham, the place of their origin, in Haryana.

Contents

Origin

They have originated from Pingala (पिङ्गल) or Pingal (पिङ्गल), who was a Nagavanshi mahapurusha. [9]

At another place Pangal are said to be originated from Pandula (पण्डुल) son of Raja Nandram. [10]

According to H.A. Rose[11] writes that the Bagri Jats have certain sections which might appear totemistic, but very rarely is any reverence paid to the totem. Such are :— Pankhal, peacock’s feather, is so called because a Dohan Jat girl had been given in marriage to one Tetha of Musham. The couple disagreed and Tetha aided by the royal forces attacked the tribe and only those who had placed peacock’s feathers on their heads were spared.

History

B S Dahiya[12] writes: Pangal are mentioned in Markandeya Purana and also by Varahamihira as Pingalaka.[13] By removing the suffix 'ka' we get the correct clan name as Pingala or Panghal. They have no connection with wings (Pankha) of any bird, as sugsested by Ibbetson.[14] They are now found in Mahindergarh dlstrict of Haryana.

They have been mentioned in Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 in shloka 96 as Pingaksha.[15]

They are mentioned in Markandeya Purana and also in Varahamihira as Pingalaka.[16] [17] They are mentioned in the Satapatha Brahmana as Paingya. [18] [19]

Jat clans as described by Megasthenes also includes this clan. Megasthenes writes that after Taxila, Then succeeds a level tract of country known by the general name of Amanda (Manda), Whereof the tribes are four in number inhabiting the area and these are The Peucolaitae (Pangal), Arsagalitae (Asiagh), Geretae (Getae), Asoi (Asiagh)

Villages founded by Panghal clan

Sub divisions of Chauhan

Bhim Singh Dahiya[20] provides us list of Jat clans who were supporters of the Chauhan when they gained political ascendancy. The Pankhal clan supported the ascendant clan Chauhan and become part of a political confederacy.[21]

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Ghaziabad

Dhindar,

Villages in Bulandshahr

Sikhera,

Villages in Meerut

dabathwa

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Hanumangarh

Sangariya,

Villages in Tonk district

Pangal Jats live in villages: Rajwas (1),

Distribution in Haryana

There are 124 villags of Panghal gotar in all Haryana.[22]

Villages in Bhiwani district

They are found in Tosham, Kharkari-Makhwan (खरकड़ी-माखवान),Kharkari - Sohan (खरकड़ी सोहान), Kharkari - Jhawri(खरकड़ी-झावरी), Laxmanpura, Baganwala, Sagwan, Alakhpura, Taalu, Dhanana, Kaluwas, Mundhal, Manheru (मानहेरू), Sankror (साँकरोड़ / साकरोड़), Budheri -(Bhiwani),

Villages in Rohtak district

<languages/>[Maina]म।यन।, Dobh (डोभ), Farmana (फरमाणा), Garhi Kheddi (गढ़ी खेड़ी) -(Rohtak)],

Villages in Palwal district

In Palwal Distt total two villages of this gotra and same origin are:

Karwaka, Missa[23] (t. Palwal),

Villages in Jind district

Baalak, Bhambhewa, Dablan, Mahendragarh,[24]

Villages in Rewari district

Nayagaon - Ghudkawas, Rewari,

Villages in Hisar district

Balak, Bhagana, Panghal Gaon, Ladwa Hisar, Bheriya, Natar Khera, Panihari, Buriya, Badhaya, Dubehenta, Baas Badshapur- Hissar,

Villages in Jhajjar district

Dhakla, Sasrauli (Jhajjar),

Villages in Panipat district

Fateybad, Panipat,

Villages in Sonipat district

Safido, Nahra-Nahri, Gumar.

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Dhar district

Phangal (फंगाल) Jats live in villages: Sat Talai,

Notable persons

  • Balwan Singh - Recipient of Maha Vir Chakra (Kargil War)
  • Dr Prem Kumar Panghal (डॉ प्रेमकुमार पंघाल)
  • Mr Jangbir singh Panghal (जंगबीर सिंह पंघाल) (Kharkari Mhakhwan)is the first (M P) 1991 elected from the Bhiwani.
  • Mr Balwant Panghal Mayna (M L A)1991, 1996, 2000. elected from Hasangarh (Rohtak).
  • Dharambir Singh Panghal (Taalu)- (M L A) 2000, 2005,2010 elected from Tosham, Badhra-Bhiwani.sohna(Gourgoan). Became member of Lok Sabha in May 2014.
  • Mr. Krishan Murari Panghal - Dy. Sp of Police. Home Haryana Govt. 746, Sector-15, Faridabad Haryana 011-2280170, 9911107575. (PP-975)
  • Dr. Baljit Singh Panghal, Associate Prof., GNK College, Yamunanagar.

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.241, s.n.168
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. 5
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.47,s.n. 1440
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. प-3
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. प-5
  6. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. प-72
  7. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.47,s.n. 1445
  8. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,s.n. 56,p-695
  9. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 263
  10. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 262
  11. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  12. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 267
  13. Brihat Samhita, IV, 26-27.
  14. Tribes & Castes, Vol. II.
  15. सुविभक्तशरीराश च दीप्तिमन्तः सवलंकृताः पिङ्गाक्षाः शङ्कुकर्णाश च वक्रनासाश च भारत (Mahabharata:IX.44.96)
  16. Brihat Samhita, IV, 26-27
  17. Bhim Singh Dahiya: Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 267
  18. G.P. Upadhyayas Edition , vol I p.33
  19. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 288
  20. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I,p.316-17
  21. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.375-76
  22. 13:33, 25 March 2008 (EDT)Rajnarayan
  23. man.87258@yahoo.com
  24. Rajnarayan 06:05, 28 March 2008 (EDT)

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