Reservation in Jobs for OBC

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जाट आरक्षण ज्योति

The Reservation Policy for Jat's: The Jat community got reservations in Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. The Jat community in Haryana also needs same status at par, with the Jat community of above states. Jats of Haryana are on war path for this purpose. Recently there was agitation in Haryana in March 2012 where Sandeep Karwasra was killed in police firing.

केंद्रीय कैबिनेट ने जाट आरक्षण को दी मंजूरी

नई दिल्ली : सरकार ने जाट समुदाय को अन्य पिछडे वर्ग के कोटा के तहत आरक्षण को आज (2 मार्च 2014) मंजूरी दे दी। प्रधानमंत्री मनमोहन सिंह की अध्यक्षता में हुई केन्द्रीय मंत्रिमंडल की बैठक में इस आशय के प्रस्ताव को मंजूरी दी गई। चुनाव से ऐन पहले किये गये इस फैसले पर कांग्रेस ने हालांकि इन आरोपों से इनकार किया कि सरकार जाटों को लुभाने की कोशिश कर रही है। सूचना प्रसारण मंत्री मनीष तिवारी ने कहा कि हर चीज को चुनाव के लेंस से नहीं देखना चाहिए। ये मांग काफी लंबे समय से हो रही थी, जिसे कैबिनेट ने मंजूर किया है।

देश के नौ उत्तर भारतीय राज्यों में बसे जाट समुदाय के लोग लंबे समय से अन्य पिछडे वर्ग (ओबीसी) के तहत आरक्षण की मांग कर रहे थे। कई बार इसे लेकर हिंसक आंदोलन भी हुए। हरियाणा, दिल्ली, पश्चिमी उत्तर प्रदेश, पंजाब, राजस्थान, मध्य प्रदेश और देश के कुछ अन्य हिन्दी भाषी राज्यों में जाटों की उपस्थिति है। (एजेंसी)[1]

जाटों के लिए राज्यवार ओबीसी की केंद्रीय सूची में संशोधन

नई दिल्ली, 4 मार्च 2014 । केंद्रीय सरकार ने अपनी शक्तियों का प्रयोग करते हुए जाट आरक्षण के लिए नौ राज्यों और संघ राज्य क्षेत्रों के सम्बन्ध में अन्य पिछड़े वर्गों की केंद्रीय सूचियों का संशोधन 4 मार्च 2014 को सामाजिक न्याय और अधिकारिता मंत्रालय के संकल्प के राजपत्र में अधिसूचना क्रमांक फा. सं. 20012 /129/2009 -बीसी-2 दिनांक 4 मार्च 2014 से अधिसूचित किया है। यह प्रकाशन की दिनांक 4 मार्च 2014 से प्रभावी हो गया है। इसके अंतर्गत बिहार, गुजरात, हरियाणा, हिमाचल प्रदेश, मध्य प्रदेश, राजस्थान, उत्तराखंड, उत्तर प्रदेश, राष्ट्रीय राजधानी क्षेत्र दिल्ली से अन्य पिछड़े वर्गों की केंद्रीय सूची में जाटों को शामिल कर तदनुसार संशोधन किये गए हैं। राज्यवार जाट जाति का प्रविष्टि क्रमांक निम्नानुसार है।

अनुक्रमांक राज्य का नाम पूर्व प्रविष्टि वर्त्तमान प्रविष्टि
1. बिहार 134-0 134-जाट
2. गुजरात 28-जाट (मुस्लिम) 28-जाट (मुस्लिम), जाट
3. हरियाणा 75-0 75-जाट
4. हिमाचल प्रदेश 55-0 55-जाट
5. मध्य प्रदेश 67-0 67-जाट
6. राजस्थान 58-जाट (धोलपुर और भरतपुर के अतिरिक्त) 58-जाट
7. उत्तराखंड 79-0 79-जाट
8. उत्तर प्रदेश 77-0 77-जाट
9. राष्ट्रीय राजधानी क्षेत्र दिल्ली 58-0 58-जाट

सन्दर्भ: जाट समाज पत्रिका, आगरा - मार्च 2014 , पृ.30

अन्य पिछडा वर्ग को प्राप्त आरक्षण की सुविधा जाटों को प्रदान

कई प्रान्तों में जाट जाति को शासकीय सेवाओं में अन्य पिछडा वर्ग को प्राप्त आरक्षण की सुविधा प्रदान की गई है. यहाँ पर विभिन्न राज्य सरकारों द्वारा प्रदान की गई सुविधा के सम्बन्ध में दूरस्थ क्षेत्रों के जाट भाइयों की जानकारी के लिए एवं सुविधाएँ लेने में आने वाली अड़चनों को दूर करने के लिए पिछडे वर्ग की आरक्षण सम्बन्धी जानकारी दी जा रही है. मध्य प्रदेश सरकार द्वारा दी गई सुविधओं का पूरा विवरण इस थ्रेड में दिया है. अन्य भाई दूसरे प्रान्तों में दी गई सुविधाओं की जानकारी जोड़ सकते हैं.

मध्य प्रदेश

मध्य प्रदेश में अधिसूचना क्रमांक एफ-9-39/99/54-1 दिनाँक 24-1-2002 से जाट जाति को अनुक्रमांक 90 पर पिछड़ा वर्ग में जोड़ा गया है. पिछड़ा वर्ग को प्राप्त सुविधाओं के परिपत्र की प्रतियाँ नीचे दी गयी हैं. इनको बड़ा करके प्रिंट-आउट ले सकते हैं.

राजस्थान

१ अगस्त १९९९ को जयपुर में विशाल महासम्मेलन में ’आरक्षण नहीं तो वोट नहीं’ का नारा देकर गहलोत सरकार को ठिकाने लगाने की घोषणा कर दी. आरक्षण पाना जाटों के लिये जीवन मरण का प्रश्न बन गया. लोकसभा चुनाव के वक्त वाजपेई व सोनिया गांधी ने चुनाव पश्चात आरक्षण देने की घोषणा की.

सरकार की अन्य पिछडा वर्ग की अधिसूचना - २० अक्टूबर १९९९ को भाजपानीत केन्द्रीय मंत्रिमण्डल ने सर्वसम्मति से जाटों को आरक्षण देने की घोषणा की. दो दिन पश्चात राज्य मंत्री मण्डल ने भी जाटों को अन्य पिछडा वर्ग का दर्जा दे दिया. २७ अक्टूबर को केन्द्र सरकार तथा ३ नवंबर १९९९ को राज्य सरकार ने इस सम्बन्ध में अधिसूचना जारी कर दी.

राजस्थान में जाट आरक्षण आन्दोलन की सफलता पर बी.बी.सी. ने कुछ यों टिप्पणी दी -

"जाट जब अपने असली रूप में आ जाये तो वह हिमालय को भी चीर सकता है. हिंद महासागर को भी पार कर सकता है. थार के रेगिस्तान में बसे करोड़ों धरतीपुत्रों ने रैली को रैला बनाकर हिन्दुस्तान की सत्ता को थर्रा दिया था और आज 20 अक्टूबर 1999 को राजस्थान सरकार को जाटों को ओ.बी.सी. का आरक्षण देना ही पड़ा."

Central List Of OBCs For The State Of Rajasthan

Jat is at S.No. 58 (except in Bharatpur and Dhaulpur Districts). Resolution No & Date 12011/68/98 BCC dt. 27/10/1999.

See the list: Central List Of OBCs For The State Of Rajasthan.

Role of Barmer in movement for reservation in jobs

See here - Role of Barmer in movement for reservation in jobs

Inclusion of Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur in the OBCs list

Here is reproduced the letter of Raja Ram Meel, The President Rajasthan Jat Mahasabha to Honourable Shri Satya Narain Ji Jatia Minister, Social Justice & Employment, for Inclusion of Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur in the OBCs list:

Rajasthan Jat Mahasabha,

Jaipur 5D Villa, Station Road,

Jaipur-302001

7th Oct. 2002

To,

Honourable Shri Satya Narain Ji Jatia Minister,

Social Justice & Employment

Shastri Bhawan,

NEWDELHl.

Sub: Inclusion of Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur in the OBCs list drawn by Union of India for Rajasthan.

Sir,

Through this petition, we solicit your kind patronage to seek social justice for the Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur districts, who have not been included as yet in the Union list of OBCs drawn out for Rajasthan.

2. Before making detailed arguments in support of our this prayer. We may state in brief the background of this issue.

3. Jats of Rajasthan Constitute more than 12 percent of the total population of State and from the single biggest caste, pursuing agriculture as their main occupation. For various historical, geographical and social reasons and suffering for more than two centuries under the tyrannical exploitation at the hands of rulers and Jagirdars, they happen to be one of the most backward class of the state. Inspite of their most backward status they were somehow not included in the list of OBCs drawn out by the Mandal Commission in 1980. This perhaps was due to inadequate pleading of their case by Jats before the Commission but mainly due to shallow and slipshod manner the Mandal Commission conducted its enquiry regarding backwardness of various classes of Rajasthan. As soon as the report of that Commission was made public, Rajasthan Pradesh Jat Mahasabha submitted a detailed memorandum in December 1982 to Union and State Governments followed by more petitions from time to time. Detailed petitions were also submitted to National Commission for Backward classes (NCBC) and State Commission as soon as these were constituted in 1993. We are very much grateful to NCBC for giving us opportunity of being heard and also for prompt submission of the report to Govt. of India as back as November 1997. Contrary to this the State Commission, under the influence of some very strong vested interests kept on postponing the hearing for one reason or another. Unfortunately the Union Government put the report of NCBC in cold storage and no decision was taken on its recommendations. Feeling frustrated by the hostile attitude of the State Commission and inaction on the part of Central Government. Jats were forced to launch a state wide peaceful agitation to seek social justice for themselves. Jats of Rajasthan shall ever remain obliged to our worthy Prime Minister Shri Atal Behari Ji Vajpai for his benevolence who taking notice of our plight, intervened to expedite processing of NCBC recommendations. This fact may kindly be noted that through representations from six states were received by the NCBC but it recommended inclusion of Jats in OBC, list only for Rajasthan. Notification to this effect was issued by Govt. of India on 27th October 1999, after a lapse of about two years from the date of submission of the reports by NCBC. Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur were excluded as advised by the NCBC. Good sense prevailed upon the Government of Rajasthan and a similar notification was issued on 3.11.1999 and thus the Jats who were purposely kept deprived from the benefits available to OBC's for more than a decade became eligible to receive benefits available to OBCs.

4. Though we had pleaded quite vehemently before the NCBC with full facts and figures justifying inclusion of Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur in OBCs list but unfortunately Hon'ble members remained unmoved. To our utter dismay they have been kept out of OBC fold.

5. Fortunately for us Government of Rajasthan directed the Rajasthan State Backward Classes Commission to examine the case of Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur, which after hearing all the parties, submitted its report in January 2000 recommending the Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur also in State OBCs list followed by issuance of the notification by the Government of Rajasthan. Thus the situation prevailing as today is that Jats are included in the state list of OBCs for the entire state while in Central list Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur are excluded.

6. With a view to make the issue of backwardness of Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur more comprehensible, we would like to put forward some background facts.

7. Rajasthan which used to be called Rajputana Agency before independence, comprised of 19 independent states, one Chiefship and on Estate and also a small area of 6 square miles known as Abu district, leased to British Government from Sirohi Darbar. Ajmer-Merwara used to be district of British India. Out of 19 independent states 16 were ruled by Rajput kings, one (Tonk) by a Muslim Nawab and two Bharatpur and Dholpur by Jat kings.

8. One interesting fact to be noted about Dholpur is that population of Jats in that state was negligible and thus Dholpur in fact was a "non Jat" state ruled by a Jat king.

9. Population figures of Dholpur are quoted below from Census Report of Rajputana Agency. 1931 (Main castes) :

S.No. Caste Population
1. Chamars (S.C.) 42,405
2. Brahmins 28,014
3. Rajputs 20,833
4. Gujars (OBC) 20,752
5. Musalmans 16,842
6. Mahajans 11,179
7. Meenas (S.T.) 10,997
8. Jats 2,800

10. Even today population of Jats in Dholpur (now a district) should not be exceeding ten thousand.

11. Even in Bharatpur, Jats were not the dominant caste as bigger Rajput states like Bikaner, Jodhpur and Jaipur. The figures taken from "Imperial Gazetteer of India, Vol. 2, q. 372,1981 Census II edition, 1885" compiled by W. W. Hunter, shall prove the point:


S.No. Caste Population
1. Musalmans 1,05,666
2. Chamars (S.C.) 88,584
3. Brahmins 70,973
4. Jats 53,967
5. Gujars (OBC) 43,865
6. Bania 39,301
7. Meenas (S.T.) 12,139

12. Surprisingly, enough Jats of Bharatpur were not allowed to build house and reside in the capital town. Only a few blood relations of the ruling family lived in Bharatpur town. Situation was similar in Dholpur.

13. Another significant fact towards which we beg to draw your attention is that land grants system in Bharatpur and Dholpur states was completely at variance from Rajput states in Rajputana. Jagirdari system was not in existence in these two states and there were only petty landholders called Zamidars. Size of their holdings could qualify them only as small farmers.

14. A planning Commission sponsored study was undertaken by Dool Singh which has been published in book for titled "A Study of Land Reforms in Rajasthan" 1964. Photocopies of pp. 31,44,53 and 95 are appended and marked as Annexure 'A', 'B', 'C' & 'D' respectively. To fortify our submissions in context of land grant system and economic status of estate holders in general and Jats in particular in these two states, it may be clarified that after formation of Rajasthan, Dholpur state area was merged in to Bharatpur districts and so statistics given in the statement of Bharatpur also include Dholpur. Subsequently, Dholpur became a separate district. According to the statement 7.7 (Annexure 'D'), total number of Zamindari and Biswedari estate in both these states was 1,07,399 spread over in 240 villages having total area of 552 sq. miles. Thus the average size of each holding was only 1.31 hectares. These so called Zamindars can not be compared with Zamindars of U.P., Bihar or West Bengal and also not with big Jagirdars of other states of Rajputana.

15. An excerpt from "Rajasthan District Gazetteer (K.K. Sehgal) of Bharatpur 1971 p. 308 shall further elaborate the point under consideration:

"Land Tenures- In erstwhile Bharatpur state land tenures were divided in to Khalsa, Muafi and Istmarari and the areas under these tenures were respectively 87.6, 11.8 and 0.6 percent of the total area of the state Muafi tenure included land given

free in charity or for religious purposes to temples, Brahmins, Purohits etc. and also land held in reward (Inam) or on Chauth tenure. Istamrari tenure was of Thakurs, Sardars and relatives of chief, who-neither paid any revenue nor did they perform any service to the chief."

16. Thus the situation which emerges is that Jats who are called Thakurs in Bharatpur were estate holders of only 0.6 percent of the total area of agricultural lands. This included few bigger estates also held by blood relations of the rulers.

17. Keeping the background situation stated above in view we may now submit some salient points to prove that Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur district are not only as backward as Jats of other districts but even more backward than many other castes included in the OBCs lists for the state.

18. Social Backwardness :

(a) Amongst all the castes in Rajputana, child marriage in Jats was most prevalent and Bharatpur - Dholpur were no exceptions, as would be clear from the under mentioned figures taken from Census Report of 193l;

Bharatpur Boys- 33 Girls- 21

Dholpur Boys- 35 Girls- 27

(b) Widow marriage in the form of Nata, Karewa or Choodi Pehnana was very much in vogue in Jats of these two states as in other parts of Rajputana. For this reason, they were considered shudra by Brahmins and other upper castes. Relevant excerpt from "Rajasthan Distirct Gazetteers of Bharatpur (which also includes Dholpur) 1971" is reproduced below:

"Jats, Meenas and Gujars may all smoke together and eat together out of some Degchi but not out of same thali. (p. 9). Widow remarriage is prohibited among the higher Hindu castes but permitted among the Jats, Gujars, Ahirs, Meenas and other S.C. and S.T. castes." (p. 107).
"Divorce - Hindu marriage, being sacrament is irrevocable. However, in certain castes like Gujar, Jat, Meena, Koli, Lodha, Kachhi, Bhangi, Chamar etc. divorce is permitted by custom."

Thus it is very clear that though in these two states rulers happened to be Jats but as caste Jats were placed at a low social stratum at par with low castes which are now classified in S.C., S.T. or OBCs.

(c) It is a historical fact that Jats and Chamars had a very close social relationship. Chamars were held in good esteem by the Jats in spite of they being untouchable Shudra. Famous historian Kalika Ranjan Qanungo in his book "History of the Jats" 1987 edition records that Churaman Jat (1695-1721) the genius ruler of Bharatpur, after building a fort (subsequently called Lohagarh) entrusted its defence to Chamar chieftains, No parallel example can be found in history. where untouchables were not only recruited in the army but where so much of trust was reposed in them based on mutual respect and equality. The camaraderic established between Jats and Chamars gave birth to an adage, "Jat aur Chamar ki handi ek chullah chadhti hai" i.e. Jat and Chamar same the hearth to cook their meals.

(d) Qanungo, keeping his main focus on Jats of Bharatpur remarks at p. 6 of his book, "The Jat is still in tribal stage of social evolution, knowing no caste distinction or kulinism (i.e. social precedence based on birth). All tribesmen are on a dead level of equality modified only by habitual respect of elders. The Jat invariably marries the widow of his elder brother and this alone stands in the the way of his being recognised as pure Kshatriya." He further remarks at p.8 "Jats have always been, with very few exceptions an illiterate class "

19. All these facts provide enough proof to establish that Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur are at par in social backwardness with other castes who have been declared as OBC or even S.c. and S.T.

20. Educational Backwardness:

(a) Education of masses remained the last priority with rulers of Bharatpur and Dholpur and so all rural castes including Jats remained illiterate. Some excerpts from "Rajasthan Districts Gazetteer of Bharatpur (includes Dholpur) 1971" Would be enough to project the pitiable situation prevalent in the field of education.

"In 1868 the number of educational institutions was 89, of these 13 were Tehsili schools, 73 Halkabandi schools, two girls school and one school was located in Bharatpur town. These institutions had 2117 scholars." (p. 411)
"The Education Department as such, it may be recalled, had not been given any importance as would appear from the following remarks of the Dewan of Bharatpur state." Education is very much neglected and is consequently backward in the state, with 3223 students. (Source : Annual Report on the Administration of the Bharatpur State 1895-96)

The teachers employed in the rural schools had a very poor standard of their subjects. The Dewan of the state remarked- "of the Mofussal school teachers, I can safely say that many of them can not write a common letter without blunders, can not work out sums in rule of three and their knowledge of Geography is so limited that they do not even know the difference as whether Asia is a continent or an animal (Source : Annual Report on the Administration of Bharatpur State 1897-98 p. 73)

(b) Dholpur State:

"In 1900-01 there were only six schools in the state. The total number of average attendance of students that year was 308. (p. 414)"

In the. matter of literacy, Bharatpur state stood eleventh among twenty states and chiefships of Rajputana during 1901 census. The literacy percentage was 2.8 (males 5.2 and females 0.1). In the same year the literacy in Dholpur state was only 1.4 percent (2.6 percent males and 0.1 percent females).

At the time of the formation or United States of Matsya (1948) there was only one High School for the girls in the Bharatpur state and none in Dholpur.

(c) After formation of Rajasthan, much progress has been registered in the field of literacy in all the districts. Figures of rural literacy for the districts of Bharatpur and Dholpur and three other districts with the dominant Jat population are quoted below from the Census Report 2001.

Rural literacy (%)

S.No. Name of the district Men Women
01. Bharatpur 79.95 39.62
02. Dholpur 75.29 39.37
03. Jhunjhunu 86.36 59.80
04. Sikar 87.74 55.70
05. Nagaur 73.66 37.58

From comparison of these figures inference drawn is only this that these two districts are still educationally backward.

(d) Further, to prove educational backwardness of Jats in particular, we quote hereunder the figures of literacy as reported in Table XIV of the Report of Census of India 1931 Rajputana. Castes selected for comparison are those having comparable social and economic status and all of them have been declared OBC.

Percentage of literacy

S.No. Caste Men Women
01. Jat 1.21 0.06
02. Gujar 0.84 0.03
03. Ahir 1.40 0.06
04. Khati 3.42 0.06
05. Kumhar 1.13 0.06

Literacy percentage of certain other castes which too have been declared OBC like Charan, Sunar, Darji, Chipa and Nai is well beyond 10% and in case of Charan and Sunar it exceeds 20%.

21. All the facts narrated above should he enough to prove beyond any doubt that in matter of educational backwardness Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur are in no way better than any other OBC of Rajasthan.

22. Economic Backwardness:

(a) Jats of both these districts are still occupationally dependent on agriculture. A statement, taken from "Report on Agricultural Census 1995-96 of Rajasthan" is appended and marked Annexure 'E', which reveals that while the average holding in Rajasthan in 1995-96 is 3.96 hectare, in Bharatpur and Dholpur average size of holding is 1.76 and 1.57 hectare respectively which is much below the state average. Further, a very significant fact which emerges and is unique to only these two districts is that here the Scheduled Tribe holdings are bigger (though marginally) than the average holding and also that Scheduled Caste holding is almost equal to average holding. Figures, culled out from the statement are quoted hereunder:

District Avg. holding Avg. ST holding Avg. holding SC
Bharatpur 1.76 ha. 1.78 ha. 1.17 ha.
Dholpur l.57ha. 1.75ha. 1.10ha.

Due to population pressure these small holdings have now become totally unviable. Vast tracts of poor saline soils and ravinous tracts add to the misery and penury of the people. Low yields have forced agriculturists of these two districts to Census Report of 2001, density of population in Rajasthan is 165 persons per sq. km. while in Bharatpur it is 414 which is highest of all the districts excluding Jaipur which does have a very large urban population. Even in Dholpur density is quite high at 324 persons per sq. km.

(b) We may also state that no favour was shown to Jat agriculturist in both the states. On the other hand all the Jat estate holders were subjected to great exploitation by levying 1/4th of their agriculture produce as compulsory levy by the state.

23. On the basis of all the facts narrated above the only inevitable conclusion to be drawn is that Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur are backward socially, educationally and also economically and they qualify for inclusion in Central OBCs list and their exclusion was in fact not justifiable.

24. As mentioned in the beginning that Rajasthan State Backward Commission after examining the case of Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur separately came to unanimous conclusion that Jats of these two districts are backward enough to be included in OBCs list of the state. In the process, the report of NCBC was also studied in detail by the State Commission and its unanimous conclusion was that no grounds were revealed in NCBC report to justify their exclusion. Excerpt from its VIII report submitted to the State Government in January 2000 is appended and marked Annexure 'F', which may kindly be perused. The State commission has a natural advantage of being nearer to the ground realities and thereby in a better position to make objective examination of both macro and micro social realities. Therefore; Central Government by using its inherent powers can very well take a decision, based on the findings of the State Commission; for including the Jats of Bharatur and Dholpur in the OBCs list drawn out for the state of Rajasthan. Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur have suffered-for quite long and ate waiting for justice. We may also bring this fact to the notice of your honour that in adjoining states of these two districts, that is Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Delhi NCT, Jats have been included in OBC.

All our hopes are centred on you and we nurture a fervent hope that a day shall come soon for the Jats of Bharatpur and Dholpur to take a sigh of relief on getting the social justice of which they have remained deprived for so long.

With grateful thanks and good wishes,

Yours faithfully,

(Raja Ram Meel)

President


Annexure A - F

उत्तर प्रदेश

हरयाणा

Reservation is our constitutional right

Sub: - Pray to grant of backward status to the Jat Community in Haryana irrespective of religion or sect.

Hon’ble Sir,

Kindly ref. to your office letter no. HBCC/2011/556 dt 6.9.11 and in continuation my representation dt. 27.6.2011. We have the honour to bring your kind notice the facts that follow on the basis of which , you are requested to secure justice for the entire Jat community in Haryana irrespective of religion or sect as per the following details :-

At the time of drafting and framing of the Indian Constitution reservation as provided to all the depressed, Dalit and Tribal Communities as so as to achieve social justice for them and to ensure their upliftment on the social ladder, there after Govt. of India on Jan 20, 1953 Constituted a commission headed by Kaka Kalaelkar under article 340 of the Indian Constitution to provide reservation to other backward communities. The Commission submitted its report on March 20, 1955. But Since the report failed to clarify/identify such other Backward Classes on Social and Economic Basis, the Govt did not bring it before the parliament. The demand for reservation to Backward Classes, however, continues to be raised as a result of which Govt of India appointed another commission headed by Sh. B.P.Mandal on January 1st 1979, the commission submitted its report on Dec, 31 1980 and its recommendations were implemented after 10 years in August 1990. For granting Backward Class status a community , the constitution on India provides for only two conditions under article 15(4) and 340 (1) as Under :-

Social backwardness

Educational backwardness

1. (Social backwardness ) (i) For determining the social backwardness of a community its parameter can include the social practice like HUKA-PANI, sharing on one platform and informal social interaction ( ) when members of those communities eat and drink water out of their utensils without any hitch and sit together with those of the other community on the same cot, the social status of communities so mixing and interacting are regarded as enjoying equal status. In this connection is neither below nor above but completely at par with its social status with other communities such as Ahir, Gujjar, Saini, Lodha, Khati , Luhar , Kumbhar , Nai and Kamboj etc those have been already declared as backwardness castes . To make it more authentic the book named A GLOSSARY OF THE TRIBES AND CASTES of the Punjab and North & West frontier province by Hon. Mr. E.D MacLAGAN, C.S.I, & H.A.Roge is also referred (Annexure-A enclosed at page no. 5 ) with regard to Sikh religion all the Sikh are equal before the Gurus as well as in the Gurudwaras but socially they are divided into the castes that is why the Jat Sikh are giving matrimonial for marriages alliances separately in the newspapers ( copy of newspaper attached as Annexure-B at the page no. 7 ). The same analogy applies for Mula Jat also, as they call themselves as Jats only, even after their conversion to Islam. It is Ironical that totally unjustified for the Mandal Commission in the list of backward classes and left only the jat community out of its ambit. It is clear – the Jat Community has the same social status as that of the community is found fit by the Mandal Commission for grant to them of backward status.

(ii) To give more facts to prove that the Jat community is socially backward is that Hon’ble Lahore High Court in his judgment A.I.R 1936 Lahore 551 Jagindar V/s Kartara during 1936 declared that the Jat community as Sudras (copy of Annexure-C and C-1 attached at page no.8 & 13). To support this fact an OBC survey for the state Delhi was carried out during 1997-98 and status of Jat community was found more backward (copy of Annexure-D attached at page no-14). Moreover as per the version of Swami Dayananda in his book Satyarth Parkash, while explaining widow marriage, this Jat community is considered as Sudras Varna (copy of Annexure –E attached at page no-16). While determining social status of Jats found not only backward status but Sudras also in a reference to the Hindu Literature. It is also noticed that Pundits are showing the children of the Jats as Sudras while preparing their JANAM KUNDLIES, an example, a Janam Kundli of my younger son named Yogesh was prepared in Samvat 2032 proves the fact ( copy of Annexure-E-1 attached at page no.16 & 17). Moreover, a Jat history written by Kali Ranjan Kanoongo during 1925 also given many references showing Jat as a Sudras by some ancient writers (copy of Annexure -E-2 attached at page no-18). An autobiography as “Sawraj-Ke-Sawar” of Late Shri Ranbir Singh Hooda, father of the Chief Minister Shri Bhupinder Singh Hooda, had written that the Jats were being called “Sudra” (Annexure-E-3 attached at page no. 22). Though the Jats are not Sudra but surely a backward caste. The Mandal Commission in his report Chapter 8, para no. 8.40 page no.40, ( copy attached as an Annexure-F at page no.25) as noted that Yadav, Kurmi, Kohri and Jat are Backward Castes. It has further noted on this page that Choudhary Charan Singh in U.P. (1952) was a minister from a Backward Community. Moreover the entire media in the country in 1980, at the time when Ch. Charan Singh became the Prime Minister of India, clamored in one voice for the success of Indian Democracy by saying that it had chosen a person from a backward community to occupy the post of head of the Union Government. All this as about makes it more clear that Mandal Commission duly recognized the entire Jat community as a backward. But when state wise lists of backward communities were prepared, the Jats in Haryana & Punjab were listed as (i) ‘Gutka & Chillan Jats’ whereas no such community or Gotra/Clan of Jats exist anywhere across the country. In this connection Mandal Commission report at page no.311 at Sr. No. 40 is referred (copy od Annexure-G attached at page No.26). When it was requested to the backward commission to clarify the above under RTI Act. The commission failed to proper reply of this matter (copy attached as an Annexure –H at page no.27). 2. (Educational backwardness) (i). The second condition to providing reservation to a community is that of educational backwardness. In order therefore, to determine the educational status of a community, the Mandal Commission asked each and every state of India to provide its community wise education data. But since no such data was ever collected by any state of the Union, the states expressed their helplessness in the matter (copy of page no.44 attached as an Annexure-I at page no.29). Thus having been left with no alternative to determine the education status of communities, the commission, using its own discretion, then deemed all the rural communities as educationally backward. To make its criteria look plausible, it cited the comparative example of the son of a rural farmer verses the son of a city based person (copy of page no.28 enclosed as Annexure-J at page no.30) and found the ruralite as educationally backward. Going by this logic of commission, the whole Jat community is educationally as 95% of Jats still live in villages even after 64 years Indian Independence. So it is clear that the Jat community fulfill the second condition also. A(i) Since the Constitution does not provide for any economic condition for determining the backwardness of any community, the Mandal Commission, on page no.60 of its report ( copy attached as an Annexure- K at page no-31 ) made it clear that there could be no such condition for reservation. Its argument against “it was that a person who was poor at one point of time might be rich at a point of time in future. Moreover, the commission said, being rich & poor might be a status which clever connected people might manipulate for themselves according to the situation. So it is very tricky game.” The Supreme Court however laid a condition to being rich or poor by laying down the condition of “creamy layer” which stipulates a personal annual income of 4 ½ lakh Rs at present for OBC only. Regarding economical conditions of the Jat community in Haryana is worst ever at present as 95% the community is depend on farming. 2001 census report says that 67% farmers in Haryana are having less than 5 acres of land holding which is now gone up more than 80% (copy attached as an Annexure-L at page no.32). Where as National Agriculture Commission report says that less than 10 acres of land holding is profession of deficit. It is well known that more than 90% farmers under debit and surviving with the Kissan Credit Card. Almost all the Vehicles purchased by the rural Jats are on loan from the banks. It can be verified from the banks easily. Thus it is clear that the Jat community is economically backward. A(ii) Gurnaam Singh Commission in its report at page no.28 clearly graded the Ahir and Saini communities are more economically sound than Jat community and at the same page commission quoted that the Jats can not be divided on religious ground (copy attached as an Annexure-M at page no-33). To prove the version of the commission that Ahir (Yadav) and Saini communities are economically sound than Jat community. It is ture for which i am enclosing herewith a few Khevat and Jamabandi showing land holdings of Jats, Ahir, Saini and Gujjar from tehsil Bawal (Distt. Rewari) and tehsil of Hansi (Distt. Hissar) for your kind perusal for further verification (enclosed as a special Annexure from pages 34 to 65). With regard to the jobs in Haryana Govt. Gazetted class-I and class-II services, the ratio of Jat community as per their population was very far less in compression to other castes (page no. 72 & 73 of the report is enclosed as an Annexure-N & O at page no. 66 & 67). Similarly the position of the community wise strength of the students admitted in B.E, M.B.B.S, B.A.M.S and B.V.S.E in Haryana during the year 1990-91 clearly mentioned the poor ratio of the Jat community in its report (page no. 78 at Annexure-P attached at page no.68). A(iii)This is how a frauel was played against the Jat community at the national level as well as at states by giving backward status in different states in different ways. When the demand for reservation to Jat community was raised in Haryana state, Govt, granted it along with 9 other communities in the state in February 1991 as per the recommendations of the Gurnaam Singh Commission. But because of the conspiracy of the political leaders who ruled this state at that point of time the reservation status to Jats was withdrawn after some months. To prove this fact, one OBC certificate in the name of Miss Sunita Devi D/o Sh. Bute Singh, Vill. Bhambewa, Teh Jhajjar, Distt. Rohtak from Jat community, duly signed by SDO(C) dt. 30.9.91 is enclosed as a ready reference (Annexure-Q enclosed at page no.69). All the other concerned records are available with the state Govt. of Haryana. B(i) When the demand for reservation to Jats was raised in other states like Delhi, M.P, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, U.P, and Bihar were given reservation in these states recognized the Jat Community as a backward caste. Rajasthan also granted this status to Jats at state and centre level both, leaving, however those belonging to the district of Bharatpur & Dholpur. Now this is a sheer irony that while many states regard Jats as backward, the Union Govt. regards them as forward. This situation has resulted into gross injustice to Jat community. It is a potent case of discrimination and high headness against a particular community. Moreover all the backward castes are being treated OBC across the country except the Jat community, under same Indian Constitution which provides two conditions for reservation i.e. Social backwardness and Educational backwardness. Sir, but the Jat community of Haryana did not keep par with the Jats of Delhi and U.P etc. as socially backward and educationally backward. It is ironical and totally unjustified. Sir, I beg to submit some more facts as under:- While Ch. Bhupender Singh Hudda was the Congress President of Haryana during 1999, he himself had put the pressure on Ch. Om Prakash Chautala then Chief Minister of Haryana, to review the report of Gurnaam Singh Commission for inclusion of Jat community into the O.B.C fold. He has also congratulated to the then Chief Minister of Rajasthan Sh. Ashok Gahlot and Delhi Chief Minister for taking positive steps by conferring OBC status to the Jats in their states ( press note dt. 20/10/99 attached as an Annexure –R at page no.70). Keeping in view of his own statement Ch. Bhupender Singh Hudda on becoming Chief Minister of Haryana has written D.O. letters No. 1479 and 1480 dt. 05.04.2010 to the All India Congress Committee President Smt. Sonia Gandhi and Dr. Manmohan Singh, Hon’ble Prime Minister of India for taking favorable action by conferring OBC status on Jats in Haryana and both D.O letters were confirmed under duly receipt dt.12th April and 22nd April 2010 respectively (Annexure –S attached at page no.71to74). Similarly the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Haryana has again written official letter No. 15913 dt. 28.06.2011 addressed to the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Govt. of India duly recommended for inclusion of Jat community of Haryana into OBC fold (Annexure –T attached at page no.75). Sir, I beg to draw your kind attention that finding no other alternative, the Jat community of Haryana had to go on agitation by Rail Roko during the month of March 2011 with a result a meeting was held in chamber of Home Minister, Govt. of India among the Hon’ble Home Minister Shri. P. Chidambaram, Hon’ble Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Shri. Mukul Vasnik and office bearers of All India Jat Arakshan Sanghrash Samiti to examine the demand. Both the central ministers have agreed in principle that the demand of Jat community is justified as well as judicious. Consequently, the central cabinet had delegated the power to review such cases by N.C.B.C on 3rd May 2011 under “The Gazette of India” (Annexure –U attached at page no.76 & 77). Sir, I beg to bring into your kind notice that the Jat community of Utter Pradesh was conferred with OBC status as on 10.03.2000 and some persons belonging to the other castes knocked the door of Hon’ble High Court of Allahabad against this conferment, but the Hon’ble Court found this conferment completely judicious. A copy of the judgment is attached from page no.78 to 163 as an Annexure –V. Sir, I request once more for your attention towards a judgment dated 26th July 2010 of the Hon’ble High Court Punjab & Haryana against C.W.P No.19837-2009 filed by Yadav Kalyan Parishad Gurgaon against the bifurcation of OBC category into 11-16 ratio in Haryana which was found irrelevant by the Hon’ble Court. A copy of the said judgment is attached herewith from page no.164 to 173 as an Annexure-W. Sir, Keeping in view of the above all facts, the Hon’ble Chief Minister of Haryana has again written to the Govt. of India for judicious cause of the Jat community in Haryana. (Annexure – X attached at page no.174). Moreover, Late Ch. Ranbir Singh Hudda, father of present Chief Minister of Haryana had himself established an “Akhil Bhartiya Pichhra Sangh” way back in sixties and in one of its functions the then Hon’ble Vice President of India Dr. Radha Krishan was also invited (Photo as an Annexure-Y attached at page no.175 while the Hon’ble Vice President was in the chair and Late Ch. Hudda was reading out the agenda). Keeping in view of the submission made above, you are earnestly prayed to use your good offices in helping injustice against Jats in Haryana be done away with and they should be brought at par with other BC’s and no discrimination be allowed to be made between Hindu Jats, Muslim Jats and Sikh Jats as they are equally placed the social setup all over India.

Thanking you in anticipation

Encl: Annexure-A to Y attached Total pages: 1 to 175

8th September, 2011

Yours Faithfully

Hawa Singh Sangwan (Ex.Commandant CRPF)

President, Haryana- AKHIL BHARTIYA JAT AARAKSHAN SANGHRASH SAMITI

H.No. 1885, Sec. 13, Bhiwani (HR) 127021

Mobile No. 094160-56145

Note -copies of this file have also already been handed over to the concerned ministries etc at the centre level.

Discussion about OBC status in Haryana

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References

  1. Sunday, March 02, 2014, Zee News