Sambhal

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Location of Sambhal in Moradabad district
Author of this article is Laxman Burdak लक्ष्मण बुरड़क

Sambhal (संभल) is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of India. It was announced on 23 July 2012 as one of three new districts in the state. It was formerly named "Bhimnagar" in Uttar Pradesh. But now it is sambhal It was known by names Satyavrata (सत्यव्रत), Mahadgiri (महद गिरि), Pingala (पिंगल), Shambala (शम्बल) etc. According to Puranas after the end of Kaliyuga the God Kalki will take birth in village Shambal, which local tradition identifies to be this place. [1]

Its ancient name was Shambhupallika (शम्भूपल्लिक) in Sambhal Copper-Plate of Nagabhata II; Vikrama samvata 885.

Contents

Tahsils in Sambhal district

Villages in Sambhal Tahsil

Abu Nagar, Adhola, Adholi Mafi, Ahrola Mafi, Aitmadpur Bhatpura, Ajhra urf Anjera, Akbarpur Gahra, Akhbandpur, Akhtyarpur Chobay, Akhtyarpur Dilpur, Akhtyarpur Taga, Alam Sarai, Allipur Khurd, Allipur Near Manni Khera, Alya Kalyanpur, Amawati Kutabpur, Anjr, Asgaripur, Asmoli, Asrafpur, Ataura, Atauri, Aurangabad Devri, Azimabad, Babu Khera, Bada Tajuddin, Badanpur Basai, Bagarpur Dhaiya, Bagarpur Emma, Bahadarpur Saray Urf Rampur, Bahauddinpur, Bandaun Darwaza, Banjrpuri, Barahi, Baripur Bhamraua, Basla, Battva, Bavaina, Begampur, Behrampur Buzurg, Bela, Benipur Chak, Betla, Bhadraola, Bhamori Patti, Bhartal Madapur, Bhartal Sirsi, Bhataola, Bhatawalii, Bhawalpur Wasli, Bhawanch, Bhawanipur, Bhirwara, Bholeshwar, Bhura Begampur, Bicchouli, Bichpuri, Bihuni, Bilal Pat, Buknala, Chachu Nagla, Chak Chimiyawli, Chak Rafiuddin Nagar, Chakiya, Chamrua, Chandawli, Chandayan, Chandbar, Chandpura, Chhahechhara, Chimiyawli, Chiroli Bhagwantpur, Chitawli, Chokoni, Chooharpur, Daheli, Daryapur Band, Daryapur Rajdeve, Datawli, Dawoi, Dehpa, Dehri Jaggu, Dhak Shahid, Dhakiya, Dhampur, Dhand Sauli, Dharampur Munjabta, Dharampur Sani, Dharangur, Dhimpur Khari, Dhudhawli, Dhureta, Dondi, Dugawar, Dulahpur Band Urf Darapur, Echowara Dingar, Edalpur, Ejri, Ekrotiya, Emadpur, Enchora Kamboh, Esapur Mund, Esapur Sani, Esapur Sunwari, Etala Mafi, Faridpur Kalan, Farrakhpur, Fatehpur Bhau, Fatehpur Dev, Fatehpur Sarai, Fatehpur Utma, Fatehulla Ganj, Firozpur, Galabpur, Gangdaspur, Gangneta, Garwara, Gelua, Ghansoorpur, Gonhant, Gonjni, Govindpur, Gulalpur, Gumsani, Gyanpur Sisauna, Habibpur, Hadakpur, Hafizpur, Haibatpur, Haiderpur Urf Hajipur, Haji Bera, Hallu Sarai, Handalpur, Har Singhpur, Haripur Milak, Harthala, Hasangarh Urf Sikandarpur, Hasanpur Munjawta, Hatim Sarai Kalan, Hazratnagar Garhi, Hindoli, Hindupura, Hirapur, Hisamur, Imadul Mulak, Jalab Sarai, Jalalpur Mohammadbad, Jamalpur, Jantipur, Jogipur, Kabalpur Sarai, Kadera, Kailmundi, Kaima, Kalyanpur, Kamalpur Kafoorpur, Kamalpur Khanupura, Kamalpur Sarai, Karanpur Kayast, Karchali, Kareempur, Kareli, Kasampur, Kaserua, Katauni, Kathna, Keli Patrasi, Keshopur Bhandi, Khabri Bhola, Khagupura, Khalrpur, Khanpur Band, Khanpur Khummar, Khanpur Sarai Urf Alampur, Kharrupa, Khaspur, Khempur, Khirni Mohiuddinpur, Kisoli, Kurkawli, Kutabpur Sakta, Ladanpur Shahwazpur, Lakhanpur, Lakhori Jalalpur, Lalpur Titri, Leharsees, Lehra Kamangar, Lodhi Sarai, Macharya, Machhari, Madala Fatehpur, Madawli Rasoolpur, Madhan, Mahmoodpur Emma, Mahora Lakhupura, Makdoompur, Malakpur Nawada, Malhi Sarai, Mallah Mustfabad, Malni, Malpur Urf Mallpur, Manauta, Mandlai, Mandli Shamaspur, Manganpur, Mangapur, Manni Khera, Mansoorpur Mafi, Masoompur, Masora, Matabli Patti Jaggu, Matawli Patti Persaray, Mathana, Matipur, Mau, Mau Bhur, Mawai Dol, Mawai Thakuran, Mehrana, Mirpur Safipur, Mirzapur Kakrowa, Mitholi, Mohammadpur Bhanda, Mohammadpur Kunja, Mohammadpur Malni, Mohammadpur Nawabali, Mohammadpur Tanda, Momanpur, Mozzampur Urf Bishwnpur, Mubarakpur Band, Mubarikpur, Muhiuddinpur, Mujahidpur, Mujahidpur Sarai, Muqarrabpur, Murtala, Musa Esapur, Muzaffarpur, Nagaliya Kamgar, Nagla, Nagla Nidar, Nahar Thair, Naikpur Mukhtarpur, Nandpur Vita, Narangpur, Narata Mohammadpur, Narotamsarai, Nasirpur, Nasirpur, Nawada, Neemkhera Bajheda, Nehrola, Nehroli, Niryawli, Niwola, Niwora, Noorpur Tatarpur, Nooryon Sarai, Obri, Padarathpur, Pali, Paltha, Pansukha, Pantya Mafi, Paryawli, Patahpur Sakta, Pawansa, Pehra, Peli, Pepli Rahmanpur, Petiya, Phul Singh, [Pirthvipur]], Pota, Racheta, Raja Bhur, Rajapur Ghalibpur, Rajha, Rajhara Salempur, Raji Khera, Ram Nagar, Rampur Jat, Rampur Khurd, Rampur Urf Yarpur, Rasoolpur Dhatora, Rasoolpur Sarai, Ratupur, Rawan Bujurg, Rawan Khurd Urf Bibipur, Razakpur, Rehtol, Rithali, Rudayan, Ruknuddin Sarai, Rustampur Niyawali, Saddu Sarai, Sadhiranpur, Saidpur Gangu, Saidpur Imma, Saidpur Jaskoli, Saidpur Jayram, Saif Khan Sarai, Saindhri, Sakarpur Taranpur, Sakatpur, Sakhan Sobhapur Munjanta, Sakhan Sumapur Khalsa, SalaKhana, Salarpur Kalan, Salarpur Khurd, Salimpur Salar Urf Hajipur, Sambhal (MB), Sarangpur, Satupura, Seedal Mafi, Sehariya Abdal Nagar, Sehra, Sekhupur Khalsa, Selmi, Senjna, Sevapur, Sevra Jasrat Nagla, Shafat Nagar, Shahbazpur Kalan, Shahpaur Sot, Shahpur Chamaran, Shahpur Dasar, Shahpur Sirpura, Shahzadi Sarai, Shakhupur Madhi, Shankarpur Sot, Sharifpur, Shehwazpur Khurd, Sher Khan Sarai, Sherpur, Shewazpur Sura Nagla, Shivpuri, Sihawli, Sihori, Sikandarpur Karchali, Sikander Pur Sarai, Singpur Saani, Siroli, Sirshanal, Sirsi (NP), Sirsi Dehat, Sisona, Sisota, Sondhan Mohammadpur, Sujatpur, Sultanpur Bujurg, Tajpur, Takht Gusayan, Talwar, Tanda, Tatarpur Ghosi, Tatarpur Majra Bataua, Tatarpur Road, Tatarpur Sandal, Thakari, Tigree, Timanpur, Turtipur Elha, Turtipur Enayatpur, Umarpur Urf Goharpur, Usman Sari, Vikampur Taharpur, Wajidpur Sarai,

History

H.A. Rose[2] writes about Chauhan (चौहान), a great Rajput tribe, one of the Agnikulas, and also one of the 36 (royal) ruling races. Tod calls them the most valiant of the whole Rajput race, and to them belonged Pirthi Raj, the last Hindu ruler of Hindustan. Before the seat of their power was moved to Delhi, Ajmer and Sambhar in Jaipur seem to have been their home. After their ejectment from Delhi they are said to have crossed the Jumna to Sambhal in Muradabad, and there still dwell the genealogists and bards of the Chauhan of the Nardak of Karnal and Ambala in which Districts they have retained their dominant position more than elsewhere in the Punjab.

According to K. Devi Singh Mandawa, Prithviraja III's kaka Kanhadadeva was a great warrior. He was known as Kaka Kanha and present Alwar district's northern part, Sambhal and Moradabad were in his Jagir. He constructed a Shiva temple at Saraneshwara. Kanha'd damad was killed in war with Kutubuddin and his daughter named Bela became a sati. There is a temple of Bela in Sambhal where a fair is organized every year.[3]

Sambhal Copper-Plate of Nagabhata II of V.S. 885 (828 AD)

Reference - From Gurjar Samaj Site [4]


This is the first known charter of Nagabhatdeva, the son of Vatsarajadeva from Sundari Devi and the grandson of Devasaktideva, though there is an inscription of his time –the Buchkala inscription from Jodhpur region dated in the Vikrama year 872 (AD 815). That he was Nagabhata II, the fourth ruler of the Gurjara Pratihara family is too clear to require demonstration. It is well-known that he, after having defeated Chakrayudha before AD 815, annexed his kingdom and transferred his seat of government to Kanauj, which henceforth continued to be the capital of the dynasty.

This grant also exposes R.C. Majumdar who was the historian of Pala from Bengal, and he willfully did cheating at many places in the history written by him. He said that” if Nagabhata really transferred his capital (to Kanauj), it is very likely towards the close of his reign circa AD 830 after (the Pala king) Dharmapala had died and his son and successor Devapala had enjoyed the position of the supreme ruler of northern India.” He was such a great cheat that he translated Gwalior Sagartal inscription and translated the term Pratiharan Vidherya as door keeper, whereas this term translate to the style of Gujjar Pratihars that surprise, defeat and kill the enemy at his own land with a magical speed, like Laxmana killed Meghnada in Ramayana.

The grant was written by Giyaka, the Dutaka being the Yuvaraja named Rama who was loved by all. The identity of Giyaka remains obscure. Rama is evidently Ramabhadra, also called Ramadeva, who was the son of Nagabhatadeva II from Istadevi and father of Bhojadeva I. The association of a crown prince, with the office of the Dutaka calls for attention. This is not the only case of an heir-apparent being charged with the conveyance of the grant. The Daulatpura Didwana plate of the Pratihara king Bhojadeva I, dated in the Vikrama year 900 (843 AD), refers to Dutaka Yuvaraja Nagabhata ( Ep. Ind., V. p. 209.). Records of other families refer to crown princes discharging the same function. Sometimes this office was combined with that of a Dandapasika (an official connected with police and judiciary) Dandapasika Amaraditya was the Dutaka of the Ahar stone inscription.

The copperplate, contents of which are published here for the first time was obtained in May 1993 by Sri Taufiq Ahmed Qadri Chisti. an antique dealer of Amroha, from one of the shops selling old and broken articles at Sambhal in the Moradabad district of UP.1.

Text

1.Om swati/Sri mahoday-avasit-aneka-(a)no-hasty-asvaratah-patti-sampanna-skandhavarat-para-

2. mahavaisnavo maharaja-sri-Devasaktidevas=tasya puttras-tat-pad-anudhyatah sri-bhuyik (a)-

3. devyam=utpannah paramamhesvaro maharaja-sri-Vatsarajadevas=tasya puttras=ta

4. t-pad-anudhyatah sri-Sundaridevyam=utpannah param bhagavatibhakto maharaja-sri-Naga-

5. bhatadevah// ahicchatra-bhuktau Gunapure-mandala-visaya-samva (ba) ddha-sambhupallikagra-

6.hara-samu-pa-gatan=sarvvan=eva yathasthananiyukta=prativasinas=ca sama-

7. jnapayati/Uparilikhit-agraharas=sarvvaya-sameta a-candrarkka-ksiti-

8. kalam=purvvadatta-devavra (bra) hmadeya-varjjito rajasasana (m) drstva bhogan=ca jnatva ma-

9. ya pittroh puny-abhivriddhaye Bharadvaja-sagottra Madhadina-vajasaneyasa vra (bra)

10. hmacari-bhatta-suryarata/bhatta-nagarata/bhatta ravirata/bhatta-narayanarata/bha-

11.tta-Prabhakararat-anvayaja-brahmananam prag-bhogakramenaiva pratipadita iti

12. viditva bhavadbhir=anumantavyah prativasibhir=apy=ajnasravana=vidheyrai=bhutva sarvvayas-samu-

13. Paneya iti/Giyakena prayuktasya sasanasya sthirayateh/Dutako Yuvarajottra Ra-14. makhyo janvallabhah/samvat 100 [X] 8[=800+]80[+]5[=885] Jyestha vadi 7 niva (ba) dham


Translation

Om. May it be well! From the royal military camp furnished with many bullock carts, elephants, horses, chariots and foot-soldiers, which is situated at the glorious Mahodaya—(there was ) the devout worshipper of Visnu, the Maharaja Saktideva, his son, born of Bhuyikadevi, was the devout worshipper of Mahesvara, the maharaja Vatsarajadeva, who meditated on his (father’s) feet; his son, born of Sundaridevi was the maharaja Nagabhatadeva who was greatly devoted to (the goddess) Bhagavati and a mediator on the feet of his (father)—(the, that is, Nagabhatadeva) (thus) commands all the inhabitants and the officers appointed to several offices, assembled at the Agrahara village of Sambhupallika attached to the Gunapura sub-division and district in the division of Ahicchatra: After having seen the royal order and been acquainted with the periodical offerings, the above mentioned Agrahara together with all the income, exclusive of all the gifts already granted for the gods and Brahmanas, have been given away by me to endure as long as the Moon, the Sun and the Earth exist, for the increase of the religious merit of my parents to the Brahmanas-Bhatta Suryarata, Bhatta Nagarata, Bhatta Ravirata and Bhatta Narayanrata—born of the family of Bhatta Prabhakararata of the Bharadvaja gotra and the Madhyandina-Vajasaneya Sakha, in accordance with the previous enjoyment. Knowing this, you should assent to it; the residents (of the village) also being obedient on hearing the order should make over all the dues to these donees. Of the firmly enduring charter, written by Giyaka, the dutaka is here the crown prince Rama, a favorite of peoples. Recorded on the Seventh day of the dark fortnight of Jyestha in the Samvat 885.

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.929
  2. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.156
  3. K. Devi Singh Mandawa, Prithviraja, p. 106
  4. Sambhal Copper-Plate of Nagabhata II; Vikrama samvata 885

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