Varaha

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Nava Torana Temple of Varaha at Khor in Neemach

Varaha (वराहा) gotra Jats live in Nimach district in Madhya Pradesh and Chhoti Sadri tahsil in Chittorgarh district in Rajasthan.

History

James Tod [1] writes that The Indo-Scythic tribes were designated by the names of animals. The Barahas are the hogs ; the Numries, the foxes ; Takshaks, the snakes ; Aswas or Asi, the horses, etc.

Origin

Varaha (बराह्म) is mentioned in Sabha Parva Mahabharata (II.28.18)

नीलस्य राज्ञः पूर्वेषाम उपनीतश च सॊ ऽभवत
तथा बराह्मणरूपेण चरमाणॊ यथृच्छया (II.28.18)
  • Varaha (वराहा) is also in Shalya Parva (IX.44.74). May be identified with Jat Gotra - Varaha (वराहा).
कूर्मकुक्कुटवक्त्राश च शशॊलूक मुखास तदा
खरॊष्ट्रवदनाश चैव वराहवदनास तदा (IX.44.74)
तस्मिंस तीर्दवरे सनात्वा सकन्थं चाभ्यर्च्य लाङ्गली
बराह्मणेभ्यॊ थथौ रुक्मं वासांस्य आभरणानि च (IX.45.93)

किष्किन्धाकाण्डे द्विचत्वारिंशः सर्गः ॥४-४२॥ in Ramayana mentions varaha:

तम् गजाः च वराहाः च सिंहा व्याघ्राः च सर्वतः । अभिगर्जन्ति सततम् तेन शब्देन दर्पिताः ॥४-४२-३४॥

Varaha (वराहा) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Varaha (वराहा).

Sandhya Jain[2] writes that tribal elements can be traced to the very core of Hindu dharma. Vishun's incarnation as Varaha and Narasimha bear the strong impress of the forest and reinforce tribal inputs into classical dharma. A L Basham[3] believes Varaha probably came from the people of eastern Malwa. Through out the tribal belt , Varaha and Narasimha are worshipped as uniconical symbols.

Jat villages in Nimach district

Varaha (वराहा) gotra Jats live in Nimach district in villages: Aspura (1), Dhokalkheda (1), Harnawda (1), Harwar (62), Barkheda Jat (1), Ganeshpura (2),

Jat villages in Chittorgarh district

Varaha (वराहा) gotra Jats live in Chittorgarh district in villages: Jalaudia (2), Jamlawda (4), Soobi (2),

Nava Toran temple in Nimach

Nava Toran temple at village Khor near Vikram Cement campus is an important remnant of eleventh century temple which consists of ten decorative arches arranged in two rows - one length wise and the other width wise crossing each other at the centre and supported on a pair of pillars in the hall and porches. The temple is decorated with leaf shaped borders, heads of makaras, garland bearers etc. There is a statue of Varaha at the centre of the temple.

Varaha in Skanda Purana

THE GRANDEUR OF Avantipuri has been explained in Skanda Purana. Here it mentions about a temple of Varaha.

Sanatkumar says-' Once, Parvati requested Lord Shiva to explain why Avantipuri was considered so holy by the devotees. Lord Shiva told her that it was so because there were numerous holy places situated over there. Lord Shiva had told her-' There are four holy rivers flowing through the different regions of Avantipuri- Kshipra, Divya-nav, Neelganga and Gandhavati. There are temples belonging to eighty four shiva lingas, eight Bhairavas, eleven Rudras, Twelve Aadityas, six Ganeshas and twenty four goddesses. Not only this there are also temples of Lord Vishnu and Brahma. Avantipuri is spread in the radius of one yojan. There are temples belonging to ten different incarnations of Lord Vishnu- Vasudeva, Ananta, Balarama, Janardana, Narayana, Hrishikesha, Varaha, Dharnidhara, Vaman and Lord Vishnu himself taking rest on Sheshnaga. Apart from these there are many other holy places situated at Avantipuri, which enhances its sanctity and holiness.

Varaha in Hindu mythology

In Hinduism, Varaha (Sanskrit: वाराह) is the third avatar of Vishnu, in the form of a boar. He appeared in order to defeat Hiranyaksha, a demon who had taken the Earth (prthivi) and carried it to the bottom of what is described as the cosmic ocean in the story. The battle between Lord Varaha and Hiranyaksha is believed to have lasted for a thousand years, which the former finally won. Varaha carried the Earth out of the ocean between his tusks and restored it to its place in the universe. Vishnu married Prithvi (Bhudevi) in this avatar.

Varaha is depicted in art as either purely animal or as being anthropomorphic, having a boar's head on a man's body. In the latter form he has four arms, two of which hold the wheel and conch-shell while the other two hold a mace, sword or lotus or make a gesture (or "mudra") of blessing. The Earth is held between the boar's tusks.

The avatar symbolizes the resurrection of the Earth from a pralaya (deluge) and the establishment of a new kalpa (cosmic cycle).

The Varaha Purana is a Purana in which the form of narration is a recitation by Varaha. [4]

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Moga district

History

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Jaisalmer, pp.209, fn-5
  2. Sandhya Jain:Adideo Arya Devata, A Panoramic view of Tribal-Hindu Cultural Interface, Delhi, 2004, p.8
  3. A L Basham:The Wonder That was India, Indian ed., 1963
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Varaha

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