View Full Version : Recent Govt. initiatives ... Urban Planning and Your View

February 22nd, 2008, 01:44 PM
It is widely acknowledged that the 21st Century will emerge as the era of urbanization, with rapid economic integration driving forward growth, prosperity and social well-being in cities across the world. Cities will emerge as important nodes in a network of flowing investments, information, goods and people, as well as centers of culture, innovation and knowledge management.
The emergence of the “urban space” as a vanguard of evolution and progress in socioeconomic development has largely been an organic process. The “urban space” is typified through a complex and multi-dimensional interactions amongst various characteristics, including:

·Social and demographic character – size, composition and socio-economic make-up of the urban residents.

·Historical character – the temporal changes experienced by the city.

·Geographical character – largely driven by location, topography and climatic environment.

·Economic character – economic activities that enables sustenance and growth.

·Cultural character – the artistic, intellectual and literary milieu.

·Physical character – the physical spaces, infrastructure and built environment.

·Institutional character – the governance mechanism.

Urbanization in India

Cities in India have not been immune to the rapid changes taking place globally. The urban population has increased from 21% in 1975 to nearly 28% in 2003 and it is expected that by 2015, around one third of India’s population will reside in urban centers. Indian cities have been experiencing rapid change characterized by burgeoning population growth, pressure on urban services and infrastructure, competitive forces driving inward investment into cities and the need to create a socio-economically and environmentally conducive living space.
Agencies engaged in planning and regulating the urban environment, creating and managing infrastructure services and economic actors need to constantly recognize and adapt to the changing characteristics of the city, as outlined in the earlier section. From an institutional perspective too in the Indian context, agencies that focused on planning and infrastructure creation were typically different from agencies that operated and managed cities on a day-today basis.

February 22nd, 2008, 01:45 PM
The Govt Steps

The first step Govt has done for the improvement of the cities is initiation of Urban Development Programmes ...

JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission )The mission of this programmes is "The aim is to encourage reforms and fast track planned development of identified cities. Focus is to be on efficiency in urban infrastructure and service delivery mechanisms, community participation, and accountability of urban local bodies/ parastatal agencies towards citizens."

The Mission, comprising of 2 sub-missions, one each for Urban Infrastructure and Governance and Basic Services to Urban Poor, will support projects in various sectors such as water supply, sewerage and sanitation, solid waste management, renewal of inner city areas, urban transport, preservation of water bodies and integrated development of slums. However, in order to access funds, the Mission requires State Government and City’s assistance to sign up to a set of reforms covering various areas of urban management and good governance. In addition, cities will need to prepare a City Development Plan (CDP) and Detailed Project Report (DPR) for projects under which assistance is sought.
There are 3 categories of cities selected for financial support under the JNNURM. Each category of cities has a specific financing pattern with variable grant funding from the Government of India and the respective State Government. The categories are as follows:

Cities/ urban agglomerations with 4 million plus population as per 2001 census
Cities/ urban agglomerations with 1 million plus but less that 4 million population as per 2001 census
Selected cities/ urban agglomerations (these are state capitals and other cities and urban agglomerations of religious, historic and tourist importance).On completion of the Mission period, it is expected that the Cantonment Board and parastatal agencies will achieve the following:

Modern and transparent budgeting, accounting, financial management systems, designed and adopted for all urban service and governance functions
Establishment and operation of city-wide framework for planning and governance
Access to a basic level of urban services to all urban residents
Establishment of financially self-sustaining agencies for urban governance and service delivery through reforms to major revenue instruments
Transparent and accountable local services and governance to citizens
Introduction of E-governance applications in core functions of urban local bodies/parastatal resulting in cost reduction and time saving service delivery processes.Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) is an ambitious programme of the Government of India to bring about improvement in the existing urban service levels and urban infrastructure in a financially sustainable manner. The primary objective is to create economically productive, efficient, equitable and responsive cities. This programme, to be implemented over a period of 7 years with a financial outlay of around Rs 100,000 crore from the Government of India, will be executed in 63 cities and towns across India.

UIDSSMT (Urban Infrastructure Development for Small and Medium Towns)In this programme small cities which has the development potentials are being selected for the programmes by State Government. Rest of the things are same as JNNURM.
It has one more component in it which is IHSDP (Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme)
For details of the programme on can visit the website www.jnnurm.nic.in (http://www.jnnurm.nic.in/) and can update him/herself about the programme . Also he or she can download the City Development Plan for the city from the wesite which is prepared by the consultatns
In each of the programme Stakeholders Consultation i.e. consultation with Line Departments, Councilors and public is important ..... as most of us are living in Urban Areas no a days. lets discuss here the problem they are facing in urban area in they to day life and how we can improve that

February 22nd, 2008, 01:54 PM
Focus Area of the UIDSSMT and IHSDP
The focus area for assistance under the scheme will include all urban infrastructure development projects including:

Water supply and Sewerage
Urban Renewal i.e. redevelopment of inner (old) city areas [this would include items like widening of narrow streets, shifting of industrial/commercial establishments from non-conforming (inner-city) to `conforming’ (outer-city) areas to reduce congestion, replacement of old and worn-out water pipes by new/higher capacity ones, renewal of sewerage/drainage/solid waste disposal systems, etc.
Water Supply (including de-salination plants) and sanitation
Sewerage and Solid Waste Management
Construction and improvement of drains/storm water drains
Construction/ Upgradation of roads, highways/expressways
Parking lots/spaces on Public Private Partnership basis
Development of heritage areas
Prevention & rehabilitation of soil erosion/landslides only in case of Special Category States where such problems are common and
Preservation of water bodiesIHSDP
The focus area for assistance under the scheme will include all slum improvement/upgradation/relocation projects including upgradation/new construction of houses and infrastructural facilities, like, water supply and sewerage. Cost of land for such projects will not be provided under the programme and has to be borne by the State Government. In case the project is to be undertaken on private land, which is to be acquired by the State, cost of land may also be part of the project costing only in the case of North Eastern States and the hilly States of Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Jammu & Kashmir.

February 22nd, 2008, 01:55 PM
Selection of Cities

The scheme will apply to all cities/towns as per 2001 census, excepting cities/towns covered under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)
Allocation of funds among states will be on the basis of the state’s urban population (excluding cities covered under JNNURM) to total urban population in the country (excluding cities covered under JNNURM).
States may allocate funds to towns/cities based on similar formula. However, funds would be provided to only those towns and cities where elections to local bodies have been held and elected bodies are in position.
The State Governments may prioritize towns and cities on the basis of their felt-need. While prioritizing towns, States would take into account existing infrastructure, population of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes and special problems like hilly terrain.IHSDP

The scheme will apply to all cities/towns, excepting cities/towns covered under JNNURM. The target group under the scheme is slum dwellers from all sections of the community through a cluster approach.
Allocation of funds among States will be on the basis of the States’ urban slum population to total urban slum population in the country. States may allocate funds to towns/cities basing on similar formula.
However, funds would be provided to only those towns and cities where elections to local bodies have been held and elected bodies are in position.
The State Governments may prioritize towns and cities on the basis of their felt-need. While prioritizing towns, States would take into account existing infrastructure, economically and socially disadvantaged sections of the slum population and difficult areas.

February 22nd, 2008, 01:58 PM
The City Development Plan
The City Development Plan (CDP) is both a planning process and a product which promotes partnership among the various stakeholders in a city- the city government, the private business sector, civil society, academic and national government agencies- to jointly analyze growth issues, develop a vision for the future, formulate development strategies, design programmes, prioritize projects, mobilize resources, implement, monitor and evaluate implementation.
The preparation of a City Development Plan can be understood as a consultative process where the municipality and parastatal agencies responsible for provision of services and overall development of the city will play a pivotal role. The firms and institutions will be required to work in partnership and close collaboration with municipal and other related institutions such as the Water Supply and Sewerage Boards, Development Authorities, together with other key stakeholders, civil society groups, and non-governmental organisations.
The CDP will be anchored on the following principles of a sustainable city as envisaged by World Bank:

Livability - what can be done to ensure a healthy and dignified standard of living for the city's residents?
Competitiveness - how can the cities be more competitive in the global economy?
Bankability - how can the cities be more sustainable?Good Governance -how can a city’s management be improved? How can accountability, integrity, and transparency be made an integral part of city's management.
The Objectives

Appreciation of the Suggested role and function of City within regional perspective· Preparation of Detailed Profile of the city based on the analysis of both the primary and secondary data and stakeholder consultants on the following focus areas like

City Economic and Social Development
Physical Planning and Growth Management
Urban Environment
Urban poverty
Housing including Slums
Disaster management
Institutional Framework and Urban Governance
Urban Infrastructure and Services
Traffic and Transportation
Municipal Finance
· SWOT Analysis and Identification of Problems and Issues
· Formulation of a Development Vision for the target year 2025 with development Strategies for the above mentioned focus areas of CDP
· Identification of Project Packages for implementation
· Preparation of Financial Operating Plan (FOP) and Capital Investment Plan (CIP) for prioritisation of financial investment

February 22nd, 2008, 02:12 PM
Kisi ko bhi apne sehar main kuch peta kerna ho to kaam ki baat Suno...

Kisi ko koi CDP chahiye to JNNURM Cities ki to saari website pe hain or UIDSSMT and IHSDP scheme wali her state main ek Nodal Agency hai wehaan se mil jaayegi.
Haryana : Haryana Urban Infrastructure Development Board, Chandigarh
Punjab: Punjab Urban Infrastructure Development Board, Chandigarh
Rajasthan: PDCORE and RUIFDCO
UP: inka nahi peta ....
ya phir jis municipality main aap ho uske paas ek Softcopy rakhi hui hai CDP aap copy le sakte hain

her ek municipality ne ek "Citizen Charter" prepare ker rakha hai .. jis ka matlab hai municipality ko jewaab dena hota hai ki wo kon sa kaam kab tak karegi ...
Yedi aap ki kaam main rukaawat hai to aap likhit main municipality se le sakte hain ki wo kab tak poora hoga .... kisi bhi project main kitna paisa lega hai kon kaam ker reha hai or kab tak poora hoga .. ye municipality ki jimmedai hai ki wo is bare main logon ko bataaye ....