View Full Version : Causes that led to Partition of India in 1947

February 24th, 2013, 11:24 AM
For proper understanding of the Partition of India in 1947, one has to trace the historical growth of various conditions like growth of communal politics,various twists and turns in our national movement of freedom, the British attitude and reaction towards the emerging situation, changes in perception of Indian situation in the eyes of world powers of those days and cobweb of socio-economic and political pressure on the British government of the day and last but not the least, the role of the leadership; these factors could be critically analysed before blaming this or that person because the leaders themselves seem to have been caught unaware under the fast emerging objective and immediate conditions on the eve of declaration of the British to free India by June 1948, which under the threat of the fall out of communal frenzy and other factors they changed unilaterally to 15th August, 1947.

The denial of the role of this historic process could only lead to blame or not this leader or the other; but this post may be taken neither as a defense nor blame to any person/s.

Hence thread is being started :Causes that led to Partition of India in 1947

May 12th, 2013, 09:10 PM
The roots of communalism were entrenched in Indian politics during the course of anti Bengal Partition Scheme of Lord Curzon and the agitation started under the leadership of Indian National Congress in which for the first time after 1857 all the Hindus and Muslims of Bengal had come out to oppose the British nefarious designs of divide and rule. Fearing danger to the stability of their imperial government, the British extended tacit support to alienate the Muslims from the INC and encouraged foundation of the All India Muslim League in 1906.

Thereafter, a hasty memorandum was got prepared for a handful of the leaders of the Muslim League, submitted to the Viceroy demanding separate representation for the Muslims. The demand was magnanimously accepted and incorporated in the Government of India Act 1909.

The Congress opposed this provision and the wedge started to widen hereinafter between the two parties on this issue. The British continued to fan the fire of differences but the Muslim League could not garner much support of the Muslim community too.

Simultaneously efforts were made to keep both the communities united against their common enemy the British imperialism; and , the Congress and the Muslim leaders arrived at a compromise and this was called Lucknow Pact 1916. According to it, the Congress accepted the provision of Separate Representation for Muslims as envisaged in the Govt.of India and the Muslim League agreed to unitedly fight against the British.

To be Contd.../-

May 15th, 2013, 01:22 PM
The events moved with great speed in 1919 like passing of Government of India Act 1919, entry of Gandhiji in active politics during the course of Anti Rowlatt Act movement, Jallianwala Bagh Massacres leading to start of Non Co-operation Movement. Here Gandhiji clubbed two issues i.e. the anti-British Imperialism movement and the restoration of the post of Khalifa of Turkey (which was a religious issue).

Initially the response of both the Hindus and Muslims came out in open support on the Gandhian clarion call to oppose the British. But as the Ataturk Kamal Pasha dethroned the Khalifa in Turkey itself, the interest of the Muslim support to the movement started to wane. This created communal differences in various parts of the country among the two major communities. Though without achieving the goal, Gandhiji suspended the movement after the Chaura-Chauri firing incident, yet a wrong perception developed among the people belonging to both the religious groups about their contribution in this movement. As a result communal clashes ensued at a number of places which further deteriorated the smooth relationship between the Hindus and the Muslims.

This lead to development of further communal divide in the country.

......to be contd.