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Thread: Kisan Movement - Without able leadership & Prioritisation of Farmers Problem

  1. #21

    Really Surprised

    Mr. Abhimanyu Kohar was justifying involvement of Ardhtiya in Kisan Movement at News 24 ( On the discussion that Mr. Chadhuni is also a broker / Commission Agent- Alleged by BJP Spokesperson) and commission paid (2.5%) to them by GOVT on procurement is for services rendered by them. I was surprised on this statement as for farmers' benefit the Farmers Bodies like FPOs/PACS, etc should be involved in Procurement and that should be a demand of this movement.

    How many Ardhtiyyas these poorly informed leader have included in this movement is a matter of concern as farmers are exploited only by these Ardhtiyas/commission agent.


  2. #22
    IF Chadhuni is front leader in this movement then it is not a Kisan Movement, it is just Ardhtiya movement and poor farmers have not been properly informed.

    Mr. Abhimanyu Kohar was justifying involvement of Ardhtiya in Kisan Movement at News 24 ( On the discussion that Mr. Chadhuni is also a broker / Commission Agent- Alleged by BJP Spokesperson) and commission paid (2.5%) to them by GOVT on procurement is for services rendered by them. I was surprised on this statement as for farmers' benefit the Farmers Bodies like FPOs/PACS, etc should be involved in Procurement and that should be a demand of this movement.

    How many Ardhtiyyas these poorly informed leader have included in this movement is a matter of concern as farmers are exploited only by these Ardhtiyas/commission agent.

    Last edited by KJ2018; June 24th, 2021 at 10:23 AM. Reason: Incomplete Para

  3. #23
    Procurement of Wheat as on 31 May 2021 and Commission involved

    Out of total wheat procurement of 406 lakh MT, the highest share in wheat procurement was of Punjab i.e. 132.10 lakh MT (73% of 180 lakh MT production ) followed by MP i.e. 127.08 lakh MT(61%) of 208 lakh MT),Haryana i.e. 84.93 lakh MT (73%) of 117 lakh MT production , UP i.e 39.50 lakh MT (12% of 335 lakh MT). It clearly indicates that more than 70% wheat produce of Punjab and Haryana has been procured through MSP. Only in Haryana and Punjab about Rs. 42860 crore ( @ Rs. 1975/ qtls as MSP) of wheat has been procured and amount is credited to the farmers through DBT. But interesting thing is that an amount of Rs. 1072 crore (2.5% as commission charges) has been paid as commission charges by GoI to Ardhtiyas and Commission agent. These Rs.1072 crore could have been the income for PACS (Credit Societies or Mini Bank) in place of Ardhtiyas, if procurement centres are made at PACS level instead of Mandi level. We can imagine how much storage facilities at Village level through PACS can be created. But moot question is that the Kisan leaders like Mr. Abhimanyu Kohar openely support the Ardhtiyas as service provider which means how much money out of this Rs. 1072 crore has gone to Kisan movement. That is why te so called Kisan leaders which are misleading to the farmers, never said that middlemen should be removed from procurement system. MP is making procurement through PACS and PACS has benefitted.

  4. #24
    [Latest Update : Is it a National Movement - Agenda of Few

    The SKM coalition includes farmers’ Unions from Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and other States. Other members include several regional affiliates of the Bhartiya Kisan Union (BKU), including BKU (Rakesh Tikait faction), BKU Lakhowal (Harinder Singh Lakhowal), BKU Dakaunda (Buta Singh Burjgill), BKU Doaba (Manjit Singh Rai), BKU-Sidhupur, BKU-Rajewal and BKU- Chaduni. Other farmer's organisations that form part of SKM include: Krantikari Kisan Union, Akhil Bharatiya Kisan Sabha (AIKS), Jamhoori Kisan Sabha (Kulwant Singh Sandhu), Kul Hind Kisan Federation (Prem Singh Bhangu), Satnam Singh Pannun, Krantikari Kisan Union and Swaraj India.

    Coordination Committee and Leaders : The Seven Member Committee includes Jagjit Singh Dallewal (president BKU-Sidhupur), Dr. Darshan Pal (President Krantikari Kisan Union), Hannan Mollah (National general secretary of All India Kisan Sabha (36 Canning Lane)); Balbir Singh Rajewal (president BKU-Rajewal), Ashok Dhawale (National President of All India Kisan Sabha (36 Canning Lane)), Yogendra Yadav (president of Swaraj India which he founded ), Gurnam Singh Chaduni, Shiv Kumar Kakka.

    Legal Advisers : The lawyers advising the movement in its negotiations with the Government, and Supreme court on issues of law include Colin Gonsalves, Dushyant Dave and Prashant Bhushan, H S Phoolka.

  5. #25
    Latest Update on Contract Farming - Study report of MANAGE

    PEPSICO in Punjab
    : Launching its agro-business in India with special focus on exports of value-added processed foods, Pepsi Foods Ltd. (‘PepsiCo’ hereafter) entered India in 1989 by installing a Rs 22 crore state of-the-art tomato processing plant at Zahura in Hoshiarpur district.​Encouraged by the sweeping success of contract farming in tomato in several districts of Punjab, PepsiCo has been successfully emulating the model in food grains (Basmati rice), spices (chillies) and oilseeds (groundnut) as well, apart from other vegetable crops like potato.The company, which had been involved in the export of Basmati rice since 1990, was the first processor in India to invest and strengthen backward linkages for Basmati rice. After extensive multilocational field trials at its 27-acre R&D farm at Jallowal near Jalandhar, PepsiCo ventured into contract farming in Basmati rice on a commercial scale four years ago. The company invested over Rs 5 crore in a modern processing plant at Sonepat in Punjab.
    2. Appachi’s Integrated Cotton Cultivation: Innovative Model Appachi Cotton Company (ACC), the ginning and trading house from Pollachi (Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu, India) hit the headlines in May 2002 for the street play it employed to encourage farmers in the Nachipalayam village in Kinathukadavu block of Coimbatore to sow cotton seeds in their fields. The singer in the street play assured cotton farmers that, unlike in the past, they would not be disappointed if they cultivated cotton on their fields, as they would be backed by a model called the Integrated Cotton Cultivation (ICC), which would guarantee a market-supportive mechanism for selling their produce.The Appachi formula differs significantly from other existing contract farming models on its ‘pricing’ front in that no prior price fixing is done in this model. 3. Ugar Sugar’s experience with barley : The story of the Belgaum (Karnataka)-based Ugar Sugar Works Ltd., which established a successful backward linkage with farmers of Northern Karnataka for supply of barley for its malt unit, is quite interesting and insightful. Farmers surrounding Ugar Sugar in Belgaum, who had been cultivating sugar under intensive irrigation found themselves with the problem of salinity in soils.
    In Punjab and Haryana, Soil Salinity is a major issue and through contract farming it can be resolved. As Kisan leaders have one agenda they are not aware about soil salinity problems, etc. By engaging Govt Deptt, Contract farming can be promoted as happened in PEPSICO.


  6. #26
    [Latest Update : Act was passed later on before that Godowns were constructed - Tikait Statement

    Godowns were constructed under " Gramin Bhandaran Yojana" which was started in 2003-04 and under , Agril. Marketing Infrastructure Scheme which was implemented in States after introducing the clause of Direct Marketing and Contract Farming in APMC act in the year 2008-09. Big warehouses were constructed by < Shubham Logistic: Om Logistic and so many players. In these godowns, subsidy was availed in the name of rural godowns but FMCG products, tyres, Cements, etc are being stored. Mr. Tikait has linked construction of these godowns or silos with 3 New Acts which means he unnecessarily has related this issue to gain the support of farmers but this ideology has raised the question on his capabilities.

  7. #27
    [Few questions are: 1) How much amount Ardthiyas have earned in wheat procurement in Punjab and Haryana ? - Simple calculation 212 lakh MT X Rs.19750/ MT X 0.2 % Commission Charges = > Rs.800 Crore/ season & if we include paddy then per annum Rs. 1500 crore which means - Rs. 1,50,000 lakh (It means per farmer Rs. 1 lakh is given then 1.50 lakh farmers will be benefitted. Total APMCs are 118 which means 50 traders/ Mandi = 5900 or Say 10000 Traders or Ardthiyas so per year earning is Rs. 15 lakh/ trader without making any effort. 2). Whether this amount could have been earned by farmers or not - my answer is “Yes”. 3). Why demand of Ardthiya removal from MSP procurement is not raised ?- Are some leaders of SKM also work as Ardthiyas - Yes (like Rajewal, Chadhuni or few others). 4) Who participate in auction of farmers produce in Mandi ? - Only local traders/ Ardthiyas. - How farmers will be benefiited by engaging Ardthiyas in movement.

  8. #28

    Promotion of FPOS than Mandies - Need of hour

    Central Govt has kept a target of 10000 Farmers Producers Companies (FPOs/FPcs) in 3-4 years. FPOs can sell directly their produce to Consumers which means it is the most efficient marketing channel. It is a win win situation for producers and consumers. Presently more than , 7500 FPOs are working in the country of which 25% are working efficiently and they are getting working capital from Banks and also taking benefits of ongoing schemes like storage, Grading and processing unit ( AMI scheme, Cold storage scheme of NHB, etc). Small farmers have to be a member of FPOs and these FPOs will collect the farm produce and will negotiate with the traders. Their is no limit for membership in FPOs but some govt schemes give benefit if members are more than 500 farmers in that case equal amount or Rs. 10 lakh (max) equity support is also provided. Detailed guidelines can be seen ministeries of Agril website or NABARD/SFAC/NCDC, etc. FPOs can be registered under Companies Act or Society act.

    So new act passed by Central Govt to be seen only from FPOs perspective point of view and all the answers are available to them who are supporting this kisan movement .

    70% produce of wheat and paddy is procured under MSP in Punjab and Haryana which means farmers are not going for diversification of crops because of this assured income but due to increased irrigation facilities some states have made excellent growth in agril sector like MP (which is having maximum share in central pool and surpassed Punjab). More than 1 lakh large farmers (Punjab and Haryana which are having > 10 ha land or 25 Acre or Kila) are taking benefits of MSP and leading this movement. I think Govt Should made an announcement that all the produce of small farmers will be procured by govt agencies and no procurement from large farmers of Punjab, Haryana and Hanumangarh& Ganganagar district (Rajasthan) will be made as these farmers have capability of diversifying their crops and this statement will change the Kisan movement. Large farmers of rajasthan (43% large farmer of the country live in thar desert area) or rainfed areas should be treated differently as these farmers are not having much production and are not getting any benefit of ongoing scheme. These Kisan unions are not aware about their problems.

    Lastly, it is not mandatory to supply wheat and paddy under PDS so Bajra (Rajasthan), Maize(MP& Bihar), Jowar (MH), Mandua (Uttrakahnd) and likewise other crops of other states may be identified and respective State Govt should include in PDS as is done in Karnataka (Ragi) and by Odisha.

  9. #29

    Clause 3 - Any farmer or trader or electronic trading and transaction platform shall have the freedom to carry on the inter-State or intra-State trade and commerce in farmers’ produce in a trade area. - Farmers produce means crops(cereals, pulses , oilseeds), Dairy, meat, poultry, fruits & vegetables. This clause is a big opportunity for self employment of rural youth;
    Option 1 - Rural youth can form their Cooperatives on marketing/ processing (villagewise 15-20 rural youth or more can form rural coop). They can contact with FPOs of other States and can assess crops requirement and accordingly varieties can be grown. For exam - Soyaben varieties can be told to local farmers which is having higher protein content used for tofu making and such units are located in Chennai. Chick pea (Chhole) are exported to Arab countries. Similarly Bajra varieties which are in demand by migrated Marwaris in Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai, etc can be grown.
    Option II- In nearby Chouraha (4-5 villages), Private market yard with storage facilities can be set up by these rural cooperatives with e-trading facilities. Initially, NCDEX, MCX, etc can be contacted and process can be known.
    Option-III- Ongoing central/ State Govt scheme (Rajasthan govt is proveding 50% subsides for cold storage, warehouse, primary processing centre such as Cleaning, grading, sorting, etc. can be seen and these rural coop or FPOs can take benefit of these schemes.
    Option IV- Rural Coop on Processing & Marketing can set up their own value chain (backward & forward linkages) under this Clause.
    This Clause itself is having lot of opportunities which can be seen in true sense. Repealing of these Clause will be a lost opportunity for all rural youth. Rural youth should come forward to support these Acts and demand Centrally sponsored schemes to be developed accordingly.

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