Srimad Bhgavatam

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Srimad Bhgavatam (श्रीमद् भागवतम्) is one of Hinduism's 18 great Puranas (or Mahapuranas, meaning 'great histories').[1][2]


Srimad-Bhagavatam Canto 5: Rivers

Two of the rivers—the Brahmaputra and the Śoṇa—are called nadas, or main rivers.

These are other great rivers that are very prominent: Candravasā, Tāmraparṇī, Avaṭodā, Kṛtamālā, Vaihāyasī, Kāverī, Veṇī, Payasvinī, Śarkarāvartā, Tuṅgabhadrā, Kṛṣṇāveṇyā, Bhīmarathī, Godāvarī, Nirvindhyā, Payoṣṇī, Tāpī, Revā, Surasā, Narmadā, Carmaṇvatī, Mahānadī, Vedasmṛti, Ṛṣikulyā, Trisāmā, Kauśikī, Mandākinī, Yamunā, Sarasvatī, Dṛṣadvatī, Gomatī, Sarayū, Rodhasvatī, Saptavatī, Suṣomā, Śatadrū, Candrabhāgā, Marudvṛdhā, Vitastā, Asiknī and Viśvā.

The inhabitants of Bhārata-varṣa are purified because they always remember these rivers. Sometimes they chant the names of these rivers as mantras, and sometimes they go directly to the rivers to touch them and bathe in them. Thus the inhabitants of Bhārata-varṣa become purified.

All these rivers are transcendental. Therefore one can be purified by remembering them, touching them or bathing in them. This practice is still going on.

Srimad-Bhagavatam: Canto 9: “Liberation”

by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Chapter Twenty-three

The Dynasties of the Sons of Yayati


In this Twenty-third Chapter the dynasties of Anu, Druhyu, Turvasu and Yadu, as well as the story of Jyamagha, are described.

The sons of Yayati’s fourth son, Anu, were Sabhanara, Caksu and Paresnu. Of these three, the sons and grandsons of Sabhanara were, in succession, Kalanara, Srnjaya, Janamejaya, Mahasala and Mahamana. The sons of Mahamana were Usinara and Titiksu. Usinara had four sons, namely Sibi, Vara, Krmi and Daksa. Sibi also had four sons—Vrsadarbha, Sudhira, Madra and Kekaya. The son of Titiksu was Rusadratha, who begot a son named Homa. From Homa came Sutapa and from Sutapa, Bali. In this way the dynasty continued. Begotten by Dirghatama in the womb of the wife of Bali were Anga, Vanga, Kalinga, Suhma, Pundra and Odra, all of whom became kings.

From Anga came Khalapana, whose dynasty included Diviratha, Dharmaratha and Citraratha, also called Romapada, one after another. Maharaja Dasaratha gave in charity one of his daughters, by the name Santa, to his friend Romapada because Romapada had no sons. Romapada accepted Santa as his daughter, and the great sage Rsyasrnga married her. By the mercy of Rsyasrnga, Romapada had a son named Caturanga. The son of Caturanga was Prthulaksa, who had three sons—Brhadratha, Brhatkarma and Brhadbhanu. From Brhadratha came a son named Brhadmana, whose sons and grandsons in succession were Jayadratha, Vijaya, Dhrti, Dhrtavrata, Satkarma and Adhiratha. Adhiratha accepted the son rejected by Kunti, namely Karna, and Karna’s son was Vrsasena.

The son of Yayati’s third son, Druhyu, was Babhru, whose son and grandsons were Setu, Arabdha, Gandhara, Dharma, Dhrta, Durmada and Praceta.

The son of Yayati’s second son, Turvasu, was Vahni, whose seminal dynasty included Bharga, Bhanuman, Tribhanu, Karandhama and Maruta. The childless Maruta accepted Dusmanta, who belonged to the Puru dynasty, as his adopted son. Maharaja Dusmanta was anxious to have his kingdom returned, and so he went back to the Puru-vamsa.

Of the four sons of Yadu, Sahasrajit was the eldest. The son of Sahasrajit was named Satajit. He had three sons, of whom one was Haihaya.

The sons and grandsons in the dynasty of Haihaya were Dharma, Netra, Kunti, Sohanji, Mahisman, Bhadrasenaka, Dhanaka, Krtavirya, Arjuna, Jayadhvaja, Talajangha and Vitihotra.

The son of Vitihotra was Madhu, whose eldest son was Vrsni. Because of Yadu, Madhu and Vrsni, their dynasties are known as Yadava, Madhava and Vrsni. Another son of Yadu was Krosta, and from him came Vrjinavan, Svahita, Visadgu, Citraratha, Sasabindu, Prthusrava, Dharma, Usana and Rucaka. Rucaka had five sons, one of whom was known as Jyamagha. Jyamagha was sonless, but by the mercy of the demigods his childless wife gave birth to a son named Vidarbha.

SB9.23.1: Sukadeva Gosvami said: Anu, the fourth son of Yayati, had three sons, named Sabhanara, Caksu and Paresnu. O King, from Sabhanara came a son named Kalanara, and from Kalanara came a son named Srnjaya

SB9.23.2:From Srnjaya came a son named Janamejaya. From Janamejaya came Mahasala; from Mahasala, Mahamana; and from Mahamana two sons, named Usinara and Titiksu.

SB9.23.3-4: The four sons of Usinara were Sibi, Vara, Krmi and Daksa, and from Sibi again came four sons, named Vrsadarbha, Sudhira, Madra and atma-tattva-vit Kekaya. The son of Titiksu was Rusadratha. From Rusadratha came Homa; from Homa, Sutapa; and from Sutapa, Bali.

SB9.23.5: By the semen of Dirghatama in the wife of Bali, the emperor of the world, six sons took birth, namely Anga, Vanga, Kalinga, Suhma, Pundra and Odra.

SB9.23.6:These six sons, headed by Anga, later became kings of six states in the eastern side of India. These states were known according to the names of their respective kings. From Anga came a son named Khalapana, and from Khalapana came Diviratha.

SB9.23.7-10: From Diviratha came a son named Dharmaratha, and his son was Citraratha, who was celebrated as Romapada. Romapada, however, was without issue, and therefore his friend Maharaja Dasaratha gave him his own daughter, named Santa. Romapada accepted her as his daughter, and thereafter she married Rsyasrnga. When the demigods from the heavenly planets failed to shower rain, Rsyasrnga was appointed the priest for performing a sacrifice, after being brought from the forest by the allurement of prostitutes, who danced, staged theatrical performances accompanied by music, and embraced and worshiped him. After Rsyasrnga came, the rain fell. Thereafter, Rsyasrnga performed a son-giving sacrifice on behalf of Maharaja Dasaratha, who had no issue, and then Maharaja Dasaratha had sons. From Romapada, by the mercy of Rsyasrnga, Caturanga was born, and from Caturanga came Prthulaksa.

SB9.23.11: The sons of Prthulaksa were Brhadratha, Brhatkarma and Brhadbhanu. From the eldest, Brhadratha, came a son named Brhanmana, and from Brhanmana came a son named Jayadratha.

SB9.23.12:The son of Jayadratha, by the womb of his wife Sambhuti, was Vijaya, and from Vijaya, Dhrti was born. From Dhrti came Dhrtavrata; from Dhrtavrata, Satkarma; and from Satkarma, Adhiratha.

SB9.23.13:While playing on the bank of the Ganges, Adhiratha found a baby wrapped up in a basket. The baby had been left by Kunti because he was born before she was married. Because Adhiratha had no sons, he raised this baby as his own. [This son was later known as Karna.]

SB9.23.14: O King, the only son of Karna was Vrsasena. Druhyu, the third son of Yayati, had a son named Babhru, and the son of Babhru was known as Setu.

SB9.23.15: The son of Setu was Arabdha, Arabdha’s son was Gandhara, and Gandhara’s son was Dharma. Dharma’s son was Dhrta, Dhrta’s son was Durmada, and Durmada’s son was Praceta, who had one hundred sons.

SB9.23.16: The Pracetas [the sons of Praceta] occupied the northern side of India, which was devoid of Vedic civilization, and became kings there. Yayati’s second son was Turvasu. The son of Turvasu was Vahni; the son of Vahni, Bharga; the son of Bharga, Bhanuman.

SB9.23.17: The son of Bhanuman was Tribhanu, and his son was the magnanimous Karandhama. Karandhama’s son was Maruta, who had no sons and who therefore adopted a son of the Puru dynasty [Maharaja Dusmanta] as his own.

SB9.23.18-19: Maharaja Dusmanta, desiring to occupy the throne, returned to his original dynasty [the Puru dynasty], even though he had accepted Maruta as his father. O Maharaja Pariksit, let me now describe the dynasty of Yadu, the eldest son of Maharaja Yayati. This description is supremely pious, and it vanquishes the reactions of sinful activities in human society. Simply by hearing this description, one is freed from all sinful reactions.

SB9.23.20-21: The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna, the Supersoul in the hearts of all living entities, descended in His original form as a human being in the dynasty or family of [Yadu]]. Yadu had four sons, named Sahasrajit, Krosta, Nala and Ripu. Of these four, the eldest, Sahasrajit, had a son named Satajit, who had three sons, named Mahahaya, Renuhaya and Haihaya.

External links


  1. Thompson, Richard L. (2007). The Cosmology of the Bhagavata Purana 'Mysteries of the Sacred Universe. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. p. 10. ISBN 978-81-208-1919-1.
  2. Dominic Goodall (1996), Hindu Scriptures, University of California Press, ISBN 978-0520207783, page xli