Abhisari

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Abhisari (अभिसारी) was an ancient Kingdom ruled by Ambhi and won by Alexander the Great in 326 BC.

Origin

Variants

History

Abisares (or Abhisara;[2] in Greek Αβισαρης), called Embisarus (Εμβισαρος) by Diodorus,[3] was an Indian king beyond the river Hydaspes, whose territory lay in the mountains, sent embassies to Alexander the Great both before and after the conquest of Porus in 326, although inclined to espouse the side of the latter.[4] Alexander not only allowed him to retain his kingdom, but increased it, and on his death in 325 appointed Abisares' son as his successor.[5]

Kingdom

Hazara (country), the Abisares of the Greeks, forms the North-western district of the Peshawar division. It was conquered by Arjuna.[6]

However, Stein identifies the kingdom of Abhisara with the tract of the lower and middle hills between the Vitasta (Jhelum) and Chandrabhaga (Chenab) including the state of Rajapuri (Rajauri) in Kasmira.[7][8][9]

The kingdom of Abhisara finds reference in ancient Indian texts also. In epic times and Buddhist times, it had formed integral part of Ancient Kamboja Mahajanapada. Old kingdom of Abhisara was basically situated in the Poonch, Rajauri and Nowshera districts of Jammu and Kashmir.[10][11][12]

अभिसारी

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[13] ने लेख किया है ...अभिसारी (AS, p.29): सभा पर्व महाभारत 27,19 में अभिसारी नामक नगरी पर अर्जुन द्वारा विजय प्राप्त करने का उल्लेख है-'अभिसारी ततो रम्यां विजिग्ये कुरुनन्दन:। उरगावासिनं चैव रोचमानं रणेऽजयत्'।

प्रसंग से सूचित होता है कि अभिसारी ग्रीक लेखकों का आबिसारिस नामक नगर या राज्य है जो तक्षशिला के उत्तर के पर्वतों में बसा हुआ था। अलक्षेंद्र के भारत पर आक्रमण के समय (327 ई.पू.), अभिसारी के राजा तथा तक्षशिला नरेश आंभी ने बिना युद्ध किए ही यवनराज से मित्रता की संधि कर ली थी। यह छोटा-सा राज्य चिनाब नदी के पश्चिम में पूंछ, राज़ोरी और भिंभर की पहाड़ियों में स्थित था। इस इलाके को छिमाल भी कहा जाता है। महाभारत के उद्धरण में उरगा या उरशा वर्तमान हज़ारा (पाकिस्तान) है।

In Mahabharata

Abhisari (अभिसारी) Mahabharata (II.24.18),

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 24 mentions countries subjugated by Arjuna that lay to the North. Abhisari (अभिसारी) is mentioned in Mahabharata (II.24.18).[14]....That Prince of the Kuru race (Arjuna) then took the delightful town of Abhisari (अभिसारी), and then brought under his sway Rochamana ruling in Uraga.

External links

References

  1. Diodorus, Bibliotheca, xvii. 90
  2. Chisholm, Hugh (1910). "Alexander III (Alexander the Great)". Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition. 1.
  3. Diodorus, Bibliotheca, xvii. 90
  4. Flavius Arrianus Hist., Phil., Alexandri anabasis Book 5, chapter 20, section 5, line 4
  5. Waldemar Heckel: Who’s who in the age of Alexander the Great. Prosopography of Alexander’s empire. Blackwell, Oxford 2006, ISBN 978-1-4051-1210-9 (excerpt online); Strabo Geogr., Geographica Book 15, chapter 1, section 28, line 11; Διοδ. ΙΖ, 87; Curt, VIII, 43, 13. XLVII, 1. IX, 1, 7, X, 3, 20
  6. (Mahabharata, Sabha-Parva,Ch.27;JASD.(1852)p. 234)
  7. Encyclopaedia of ancient Indian geography By Subodh Kapoor-page-3
  8. "Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography". google.co.in.
  9. Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, v. 8, 20, 29; Curtius Rufus, Historiae Alexandri Magni, viii. 12-14, ix. 1, x. 1
  10. Political History of Ancient India: From the Accession of Parikshit to the Extinction of the Gupta Dynasty, 1953, p 248, Hemchandra Raychaudhuri, University of Calcutta
  11. The Mahābhārata, Its Genesis and Growth: A Statistical Study, 1986, p 115, M. R. Yardi, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute - Mahābhārata; Military History of India, 1980, p 38, Hemendra Chandra Kar - History
  12. Journal of Indian History, 1969, p 123, University of Kerala Dept. of History, University of Allahabad Dept. of Modern Indian History, University of Travancore, University of Kerala - India.
  13. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.29
  14. 18 अभिसारीं ततॊ रम्यां विजिग्ये कुरुनन्थनः, उरगावासिनं चैव रॊचमानं रणे ऽजयत (II.24.18)