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Al-Zutt was an ancient place in Persia.

Origin of name

It was founded by Jats.


In Jat History

Dr Vir Singh[1] writes that The early medieval Arab historians and geographers mention large population of the Jats in Makran, Baluchistan, Multan and Sindh. From Makran to Mansura the whole tract was inhabited by the Jats. On this long route they rendered great service as road guards. From these places many Jats had migrated to Persia and settled there. They created their economic resources and made significant contribution to urbanization of Persia. There were big cities like Al-Zutt and Haumat-al-Zutt. The coastal fertile region of the Persian gulf from Ubullah near Basra to Bahrain, Oman and Yemen in Southern Arabia had many pockets of Jat population and they engaged themselves in different kinds of occupation including cattle breeding. For long before the advent of Islam the Sasanid Emperors Shapur I (241-272 AD) and Behran V. Gur (420-438 AD) transported war like tribes, Jats and Meds from Sindh to Khurasan and the Persian Gulf from there they migrated to West Asia and Europe.

Prof. Zafarul Islam[2] quotes Al-Istakhari, the author of an important geographical work Al-Masalik wal-Mamalik, had stated that the whole region from Mansurah to Multan was full of the Jats.[3] In view of Qazi Athar Mubarakpuri, it was from these places that many Jats had migrated to to Persia and different parts of Arab and settled there long ago.[4] Giving an account of the Jats' settlement in Persia, he had stated that they had been living in this region since a long time and they had developed many big and flourishing towns of their own as we are informed by Ibn-i-Khurdazbeh (d. 893 AD) that at about sixty miles away from the city of Ahwaz there is a big city of the Jats which is known after them as al-Zutt.[5] Another geographer of the same period had also observed that in the vicinity of Khuzistan there was a grand city Haumat al-Zutt.[6] These evidences given by the eminent author are enough to suggest that the Jats who settled in Persia gradually built up their economic resources and made significant contribution to urbanization of that country.

External links


  1. The Jats Vol. 2/Introduction: p. xiii
  2. Qazi Athar Mubarakpuri’s Studies on Jats, The Jats, Vol. II, Ed. Dr Vir Singh,pp.26-27
  3. Al-Istakhari, Kitab-o-Masalik wal Mamalik E. J. Brill, 1927, p. 35.
  4. Qazi Athar, pp. 62-63.
  5. Ibn Khurdazbeh, op. cit., p. 43.
  6. Al-Istakhari, op.cit., p. 94.

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