|Author: Laxman Burdak IFS (R)|
Jat Mahasabha (जाट महासभा) or All India Jat Mahasabha (अखिल भारतीय जाट महासभा) is the premier organization of Jats in India. The Jat Mahasabha is a non-political social organization, organised by Jat community for its uplift and social reconstruction.
Creation and objectives
It was first founded in 1907 and revived its activities a few years back. It raises social and economic problems faced by Jats . Many of its office bearers are politically active and influential persons in public life. The Jat Mahasabha spearheaded the Jats' struggle for reservation prior to the Lok Sabha elections in 1999. Chaudhary Dara Singh was the president of the organisation at that time.
The Jat Mahasabha is a non political organization in nature. It is a social organisation. It is organised by a community for its uplift and for social reconstruction. The Jat Mahasabha has been functioning from 1993 for social causes. But it is not a registered body, not even as an NGO or social organisation. 
The first All India Jat Mahasabha was founded in Muzaffarnagar in western Uttar Pradesh, India in 1907, as an offshoot of the Arya Samaj. The Mahasabha, a supra-provincial organization, was perceived in southeast Punjab as a symbol of unity in Jat society and as the main catalyst of reform and change.
Sir Chhotu Ram explained:
- ".... slowly the Jat Kshatriya Sabha in Jamna-par (western UP) came into existence which had its impact in Haryana. This was followed by the formation of panchayats. It breathed a new spirit into the Jat community. In this period, only the Arya Samaj propagated its rules in Haryana and the Jats were greatly influenced by it. This movement was consolidated through its leaders. It led to an awakening among the Jats. The Jat school was opened, the Jat (Maha) Sabha was created and the Jat Gazette was started in. .... Earlier the Jats were all fragmented, but now they were brought together. They began to perceive all their institutions as exclusively Jat. The Jats became conscious of their sense of unity."
The Jat Mahasabha was initially founded as All India Jat Kshatriya Mahasabha. The founder members were:
- Chaudhary Mamraj Singh Shamli (Muzaffarnagar),
- Kunwar Kalyan Singh Varkatpur (Bulandshahr),
- Thakur Tej Singh Vahpur (Bulandshahr),
- Chaudhari Hari Singh Kurmali (Muzaffarnagar),
- Shri Ram Lal Hala Raghunathpur (Badayun),
- Shri Nathu Singh Pardeshi,
- Kunwar Hukum Singh Angai (Mathura),
- Shri Lal Singh and Shri Vahal Singh (Saidpur),
- Chaudhary Gulab Singh Yadnagar,
- Chaudhary Nanu Singh Delhi,
- Shri Shadi Ram editor 'Kshatriya' and
- Sir Chhotu Ram (Rohtak).
Kunwar Hukum Singh Angai (Mathura) took pains to bring all the elite people of the society such as Jagirdars, Thikanedars, Raos, Rais, Rai Bahadurs at one platform. Later large number of common people from society joined it. Branches were started at Agra, Aligarh, Bijnor, Muradabad, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Mathura etc. in Uttar Pradesh and Sikar, Ajmer, Jhunjhunu, Jodhpur etc. places in Rajasthan. Kunwar Hukum Singh Angai (Mathura) expanded its scope from Brij area to All India in character. The first Executive Committee of All India Jat Mahasabha was constituted on 14 March 1907 in Meerut on the occassion of Nauchandi fair. 
Jat Mahasabha adhiveshans 1908-1924
The All India Jat Mahasabha held its annual adhiveshan at following places:
- Delhi in 1908,
- Meerut in 1909,
- Garhmukteshwar in 1910,
- Delhi in 1911,
- Gwalior in 1912,
- Rohtak in 1913,
- Bharatpur in 1914,
- Pushkar in 1915,
- Meerut in 1916,
- Dhaulpur in 1917,
- Gwalior in 1918. Rana Udaybhanu Singh, the ruler of Dholpur, was the Chairman of the 1918 adhiveshan.
- From 1918 to 1924, the annual adhiveshans were held at various places.
- Pushkar adhiveshan in November 1925
Earlier Sir Chhotu Ram had started a news paper named Jat Gazette in 1916 which became very popular among the farmers of northern India. Sir Chhotu Ram was awarded the title of 'Rao Bahadur' and he founded 'Zamindar Association' to protect the interests of farmers. 
Various decisions were taken regarding the social upliftment, avoiding extravaganza, opening new schools and hostels to spread education amongst masses. Sir Chhotu Ram was appointed Agricultural Minister in Punjab Government in 1924. He had also started the freedom movement against British Rule in India.
Pushkar adhiveshan in November 1925
The Pushkar adhiveshan in November 1925 organized by All India Jat Mahasabha was presided over by Maharaja Kishan Singh of Bharatpur. Sir Chhotu Ram, Madan Mohan Malviya, Chhajju Ram etc. farmer leaders had also attended. This function was organized with the initiative of Master Bhajan Lal Bijarnia of Ajmer-Merwara. The farmers from all parts of Shekhawati had come namely, Chaudhary Govind Ram, Kunwar Panne Singh Deorod, Ram Singh Bakhtawarpura, Chetram Bhamarwasi, Bhuda Ram Sangasi, and Moti Ram Kotri. 24-year young boy Har Lal Singh also attended it. The Shekhawati farmers took two oaths in Pushkar namely,
- They would work for the development of the society through elimination of social evils and spreading of education.
- ‘Do or Die’ in the matters of exploitation of farmers by the Jagirdars.
- Resolution was passed to remove the British rule from India.
The importance of this Institution as a pressure group can be realized from the fact that Britishers were highly concerned for the maintenance and protection of traditions of Jats. Between 1930 and 1932, when the civil disobedience movement spread over the country, it is incredible but true that Governor Malcom Haily had to address the Jat Mahasabha in 1930. The 1930 adhiveshan was the 20th and a historical one and was held at Tishazari ground in Delhi. It was presided over by Rai Bahadur Chaudhary Lalchand Advocate. This was attended by Rana Udaybhan Singh, the ruler of Dholpur and Chaudhary Sahabuddin, the president of Punjab Assembly. Sir Chotu Ram was the coordinator. This was attended by all communities Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs which was the cause of worry for the British Rule. This was also attended by Kunwar Net Ram Singh, Ladu Ram Jakhar, Kunwar Panne Singh, Chaudhari Ram Singh and Swami Baldas from Jaipur. 
The Mahasabha became a forum for demanding employment and airing Jat grievances on their poor representation in government service.
Leaders like Sir Chhotu Ram were closely associated with the Jat Mahasabha and it remained the leading vehicle for advancing the Jat interests, even after the formation of the Unionist Party, which was concerned with agriculturists' interests in Punjab.
Jat Mahasabha convention 2007
One of the main issues taken up at the convention, which was attended by several Central and State Ministers and MPs, was reservation for the Jats in State and Central Government jobs. The convention also discussed issues like social evils, female foeticide, dowry and drug abuse. The year 2007 was celebrated as the Jat Mahasabha Centenary Year. 
Jat Mahasabha convention 5 July 2013
In this convention thousands of people welcomes New president of All India Jat Mahasabha former chief minister of Punjab, Captain Amarinder Singh in presence of Ch Bhupinder Singh Hooda and renowned Jat leader, Ajeet Singh. In this convention, Jats' demands reg. Reservation at central services to the Congress-led central govt. were highlighted. In this Mahasammelan Ch Bhupinder singh Hooda promised Jat community that kaum ke liye jahan kahoge aad jauga" and this Phrase establish Bhupinder Singh Hooda as a Jat leader.
May contact for Any Queries:-
- Captain Amarinder Singh (Sidhu) is President of All India Jat Mahasabha.
- Ch. Yudhvir Singh Gen.Secretary Of All India Jat Mahasabha. contact no.09868146405
राजस्थान की जाट जागृति में योगदान
ठाकुर देशराज ने लिखा है ....उत्तर और मध्य भारत की रियासतों में जो भी जागृति दिखाई देती है और जाट कौम पर से जितने भी संकट के बादल हट गए हैं, इसका श्रेय समूहिक रूप से अखिल भारतीय जाट महासभा और व्यक्तिगत रूप से मास्टर भजन लाल अजमेर, ठाकुर देशराज और कुँवर रत्न सिंह भरतपुर को जाता है।
यद्यपि मास्टर भजन लाल का कार्यक्षेत्र अजमेर मेरवाड़ा तक ही सीमित रहा तथापि सन् 1925 में पुष्कर में जाट महासभा का शानदार जलसा कराकर ऐसा कार्य किया था जिसका राजस्थान की तमाम रियासतों पर आश्चर्यजनक प्रभाव पड़ा और सभी रियासतों में जीवन शिखाएँ जल उठी।
- Jat Mahasabha Website
- Social, Economic and Political Contribution of Caste Associations in Northern India By Brij Kishore Sharma (A CaseStudy of All India Jat Mahasabha),Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies Kolkata
- Gyan Prakash Pilania as head of the Jat Mahasabha
- Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 100
- Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, pp. 101-102
- N Panigrahi, India's Partition: The Story Of Imperialism In Retreat
- Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 105
- Jat Mahasabha convention on 9 March 2007
- ठाकुर देशराज:Jat Jan Sewak, p.1
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