Atisur Bhadra

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Atisur Bhadra (अतिसुरभद्र) was a Chandravanshi Kshatriya in the branch of Puru. He was son of Vira Bhadra and grandson of Sanyati.

SanyatiVirabhadraAtisur BhadraAnjana Jata ShankaraDahi Bhadra

Jat Gotras from Atisur Bhadra

Atisura Bhadra's son Anjana Jata Shankara (अंजना जटाशंकर) gave name to the Jat gotra: Anjana (अंजना) Anjna (अंजना) Anjne (अंजने) Anjane (आंजने) Anjan (अंजन). [1]The descendants of Atisur Bhadra came to be known as Anjana or Anjilet and settled down in Malwa, Mewar, Marwar and Dhundhar.[2]

Anjana in Mahabharata

Mahabharata Shalya_Parva_in_Sanskrit describes Anjana in shloka 100 as under:

वृकॊदर निभाश चैव के चिथ अञ्जनसंनिभाः
शवेताङ्गा लॊहितग्रीवाः पिङ्गाक्षाश च तदापरे ।।100।।

Chronology of Virabhadra

THE BRANCH OF PURU

The historian Ram Swarup Joon[3] has given the chronology of Virabhadra, obtained from the records of the Bards of Dholpur.

(Obtained from the records of the Bards of Dholpur - after English Generation)


From : Sanyati:

			     |
			 Vir Bhadra( 4 sons)
                       |
_________________________________________________________
|	             |	         | 	             | 
Pon Bhadra  KalhanBhadra Atisur Bhadra          Jakh Bhadra
(Originator (Originator	    |	           (Originator
Punya	      Kalhan       |		        Jakhar
Gotra)	     Gotra)	        |	        Gotra)
 
			    Anjana Jata Shankar
			   	    |		            |
			   Dahi Bhadra	              Brahma Bhadra
			   (Originator
			   Dahiya
			   Gotra)

Note:

According to the Bhats (bards) of the Dahiya Gotra, the descendants. Of the above spread to the following areas

(a) Pon Bhadra’s to Haryana, Brij, and Gwalior

(b) Kalhan Bhadra’s to KathiAwar and Gujrat.

(c) Atisur Bhadra’s to Malwa

(d) Jakh Bhadra’s to Punjab and Kashmir

(e) Dahi Bhadra’s to Punjab and Central Asia

(f) Brahma Bhadra’s by the name of Bamroliya to Jammu and Kashmir, Haridwar and Punjab (the ruling family of Dholpur is from this branch)

Raja Vir Bhadra had five sons and two grand sons named Pon Bhadra, Jakh Bhadra, Kalhan Bhadra, Brahma Bhadra, Ati Sur Bhadra, Dahi Bhadra and Anjana Jata Shankar. Seven major Jat gotras are named after these seven descendants of Vir Bhadra. A detailed account of these is found in the family history of Rana of Dholpur. This proves the descent of some Jats from Vir Bhadra.

  • Pon Bhadra is the originator of Punia gotra.
  • Kalhan Bhadra is the originator of Kalhan gotra.
  • Atisur Bhadra had Anjana Jata Shankar and his son Dahi Bhadra in the lineage. Dahi Bhadra is the originator of Dahiya gotra.
  • Jakh Bhadra is the originator of Jakhar gotra.

References

  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar : Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998
  2. History of the Jats
  3. History of the Jats/Chapter II, pp.17, 21-28

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