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Atrai River

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Atrai River (आत्रेयी नदी) flows in West Bengal and northern parts of Bangladesh.

Variants

Origin ofname

In ancient times the river was called Atrei and finds a mention in the Mahabharata. It is linked with Karatoya River.

Course

It originates in West Bengal and then after flowing through Dinajpur District of Bangladesh, it enters India again.[1] It passes through Kumarganj and Balurghat community development blocks in Dakshin Dinajpur district. The river then renters Bangladesh. It splits into two rivers—the Gabura and the Kankra in Dinajpur district. It crosses the Barind Tract and flows into Chalan Beel.[2]

History

Tej Ram Sharma[3] mentions: 11 . Vata-nadi (वाटा-नदी) (No. 43, L. 22) : We get a reference to the Vata-nadi in an inscription at Kalaikuri, Sultanpur near Naogaon, Rajshahi district, Bangladesh. It was flowing to the east of a village named Dhanyapatalika. The Vata nadi appears to be the modern Bara-nai, Singra lying about 10 miles to the north-east of its junction with the Atrai. It flews west to east through the southern part of the Rajshahi district.

आत्रेयी नदी

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[4] ने लेख किया है ... 1. आत्रेयी नदी (AS, p.62): 'करतोया तथात्रेयी लोहित्यश्च महानदी।'(महाभारत 2,9,221)

इस उल्लेख के अनुसार आत्रेयी गोदावरी की एक छोटी शाखा का नाम है। यह पंचवटी के निकट गोदावरी में मिलती है। गोदावरी की सात शाखाए मानी गई हैं।

2. आत्रेयी नदी (AS, p.62):आत्रेयी बंगाल की एक नदी जो गंगा में मिलती है।

In Mahabharata

Atreyi (आत्रेयी) (R) (2-9-26)

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 9 mentions the Kings Oceans and the Rivers who attended Sabha of Varuna. Atreyi River लाङ्गली is mentioned in Mahabharata (2-9-26). [5]....the Sarayu, the Varavatya, and that queen of rivers the Langali, the Karatoya, the Atreyi, the Lauhitya....


The Mahabharata Tribe - Atreya (आत्रेय) has been mentioned as northwestern primitive tribe (VI.10.67), possibly located in Atari, between Lahore and Amritsar. They were later initiated in the Brahmin gotras of Atri and Bharadwaja.

आत्रेयाः स भरद्वाजास तदैव सतनयॊषिकाः
औपकाश च कलिङ्गाश च किरातानां च जातयः (VI.10.67)

The Mahabharata Tribe - Atreya (आत्रेय) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Atri (अत्री).


Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 9 mentions Rivers Langali, the Karatoya and Atreyi.

External links

References

  1. Mesbah-us-Saleheen (2012). "Atrai River". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. Mesbah-us-Saleheen (2012). "Atrai River". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Names of the Rivers and the Mountains,p.297
  4. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.62
  5. सरयूर्वारवत्याऽथ लाङ्गली च सरिद्वरा। (2-9-26a), करतोया तथाऽऽत्रेयी लौहित्यश्च महानदः।। (2-9-26b)

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