Aurangabad Maharashtra

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Note - Please click Aurangabad for similarly named villages at other places.

Map of Aurangabad District

Aurangabad (औरंगाबाद) is a town and district in Maharashtra.

The world famous Ajanta Caves are located in Aurangabad district.

Jat Villages in Aurangabad district

Villages in Aurangabad District

Abdimandi, Adgaon, Adgaon, Adgaon, Adgaon, Adgaon Bk, Adgaon Kh, Adgaon Maholi, Adgaon Sarak, Adool , Agar Kanadgaon, Ager Wadgaon, Aghur, Ajanta, Akhatwada, Akhatwada, Akoli Wadgaon , Alad , Alapurwadi, Amalner , Amba, Ambedkar Chowk , Ambelohal, Ambhai , Amkheda, Amsari, Amthana, Anad , Anand Vihar , Anandpur, Anantpur, Andhaner , Andhari, Anjandoh , Antarwali Khandi , Anvi, Apatgaon, Apegaon , Asadi, Asegaon, Aurala, Aurangabad, Aurangabad Cantt, Avinash Colony, Awade Uchegaon, Babhulgaon, Babhulgaon, Babhulgaon Kh., Babhulgaon Kh., Babhultel, Babra, Babtara, Bagadi, Bahirgaon, Bahulkheda, Bajathan, Bakapur, Balanagar, Balapur, Bambapur, Bangaon, Bankinhola, Banoti, Banshendra, Barkatpur, Bazar Sawangi, Belgaon, Bendawadi, Bhadali, Bhaggaon, Bhagur, Bhaigaon Vaijapur, Bhalgaon, Bhalgaon, Bharadi, Bhataji, Bhatana, Bhawan, Bhendala , Bhikapur, Bhildari, Bhivgaon , Bhiw-dhanora, Bhoigaon, Bhokangaon, Bidkin, Bilda, Biloli, Bodhegaon, Bodhegaon Kh., Bodkha, Bokud Jalgaon , Borgaon Arj, Borgaon Bajar, Borgaon Kasari , Borgaon Sarwani, Borsar, Borsar , Bramhangaon , Bramhani Garada, Chandgaon, Changatpuri, Chapaner, Charner, Chauka, Chikatgaon, Chikhalthan, Chimnapur , Chinchadgaon, Chinchkheda Kh., Chincholi, Chincholi, Chincholi, Chincholi, Chinchpur, Chite Pimpalgaon, Chitegaon, Chitegaon, Chorwaghalgaon, Dabhadi, Dabhrul, Dadegaon, Dadegaon Jahagir, Dagpimpalgaon, Dahegaon, Dahegaon, Dahigaon , Daigavhan, Dakshin Vihar, Daregaon, Daulatabad, Davhari, Dawarwadi, Debhegaon, Deogaon, Deolai, Deolana, Deopul, Deulgaon Bajar, Devgaon , Devlai, Dhakephal, Dhamangaon, Dhamangaon, Dhamori, Dhamori Kh., Dhangaon, Dhanora, Dhawada, Dhawalapuri, Dhondalgaon , Dhoregaon, Dhorkin , Dhotra, Dhupkheda, Digaon, Digar, Digras, Domegaon, Dongaon, Dongaon, Dongaon, Dongargaon, Dongargaon Kawad, Dongargaon Shev, Dudhad, Eklahera, Ektuni, Ellora, Fardapur, Farola, Fatiyabad, Fulambri, Fulshevra, Gadana, Gadhe Jalgaon, Gajgaon, Galleborgaon, Galwada, Gandheli, Ganeshpur, Ganeshwadi, Gangapur, Ganori, Garaj, Gavhali, Gavhali, Gavhali Tanda, Gavli Shivra, Georai, Georai, Georai Bashi, Georai Gungi, Georai Kubri, Georai Paiga, Georai Shemi, Gevrai, Ghaigaon, Ghanegaon, Ghanegaon Tanda, Ghardon, Gharegaon, Ghatambri, Ghatnandra, Ghatshendra, Ghodegaon, Ghodegaon, Ghosala, Ghusur, Girner, Girnera Tanda, Golatgaon, Golegaon, Golegaon, Golegaon Kh., Golwadi, Golwadi, Gondegaon, Gorai Village , Gudhe Pimpalgaon, Guru Dhanora, Hadas Pimpalgaon, Hajipurwadi, Halda, Hanumantgaon, Hanumantkheda, Haraswadi, Harshi , Harsul, Harsul, Hasta, Hatmali, Hatnoor, Hatti, Hiradpuri, Hiwarkheda, Hiwarkheda, Isarwadi, Jadgaon, Jaipur, Jaitapur, Jaitkheda, Jalgaon, Jalgaon Feran, Jalgaonghat , Jalki, Jalki Bajar, Jambargaon, Jambhai, Jambhala, Jamdi, Jamgaon, Jamthi, Janephal, Jarandi, Jarul, Jategaon, Jategaon, Jatwa, Jatwada, Jawakheda, Jaybhawani Chowk, Jehur, Jhalta, Jikthan , Jogeshwari, Kachner, Kachner Tanda, Kadethan, Kadrabad, Kagazipura, Kagjipura, Kaigaon, Kaigaon, Kalanki, Kamgar Chowk, Kanak Sagaj, Kanakshil, Kanchan Nagar, Kanchanwadi, Kanhori, Kankori, Kannad, Kapus Wadgaon, Karajgaon, Karanjgaon, Karanjkheda Jahagir, Karanjkheda Khalsa, Karhol, Karkin, Karmad, Kasabkheda, Kasod , Kasoda , Katepimpalgaon, Katpur, Kekat Jalgaon, Kelgaon , Kerhala , Khadgaon , Khambala, Khamgaon , Khamgaon, Khandala, Khandala, Khandewadi, Khandi Pimpalgaon, Kharaj, Khatkheda, Khedi , Kherda , Kherdi , Khirdi, Khodegaon, Khuldabad, Khullod, Khupta, Kingaon, Kinhi, Kodgaon Ambad, Kolghar, Kolhi, Koli Bodkha, Kolwadi, Kotnandra, Krishnapur, Krishnapurwadi, Kubhephal, Kunjkheda, Ladgaon, Ladgaon, Ladsawangi, Lahanyachiwadi, Lakh Khandala, Lakhmapur, Lamangaon, Lamkana, Lasurgaon, Laygaon, Leha, Leha Babra, Limbe Jalgaon, Limbgaon, Lohagaon, Lohagaon , Loni, Loni, Loni Kh., Lonwadi, Madni, Mahal Kinhola, Mahalgaon, Maharana Pratap Chowk, Mahda Colony, Makranpur, Mali Ghogargaon, Mali Sagaj, Maliwada, Maliwadgaon, Mandki, Mandki, Mandna, Manegaon, Mangegaon, Mangrul, Mangrul, Manjari, Manoor, Marsawali, Mategaon, Mehagaon, Mharola, Mhaski, Mhasla, Modha, Modha Kh., Mohara, Molkheda, More Chowk , Mudhalwadi, Mudhesh Wadgaon, Mulani Wadgaon , Mundwadi, Mundwadi Tanda, Murma, Murshadabadwadi, Nachanwel, Nadarpur, Nadi, Nagad, Nagamthan, Nagapur, Nagesh Colony, Nagina Pimpalgaon, Naigaon , Naigaon, Naigaon, Naigaon, Naigaon, Naigavhan, Nalegaon, Nanda Tanda, Nandalgaon, Nandar, Nandeda, Nandra, Nanegaon, Narala, Narayangaon, Narayanpur, Navadi, Navgaon, Nawabpur, Nayagaon, Nevargaon, Newpur Jahangir, Newpur Khalsa , Nidhona, Nilajgaon, Nillod, Nimbayati, Nimbhora, Nimbhora, Nimdongri, Nimgaon, Nimkheda, Nipani, Nirgudi Bk, Ohar, Pachapirwadi, Pachod , Pachod , Padli, Padli, Paithan, Paithan Kheda, Pal, Palashi, Palashi Kh, Palaskheda, Palaswadi, Palkhed, Palod , Palshi, Palshi, Palshi, Palsi , Pandharpur, Panghavan, Pangra, Pangra, Pangri, Panvi, Panwadi, Parala, Parsoda, Parundi, Pategaon , Pathri, Patoda, Pendgaon , Pimpaldari, Pimpalgaon, Pimpalgaon Gangdeo, Pimpalgaon Pandhari, Pimpalgaon Peth, Pimpalgaon Walan, Pimpalwadi, Pimparkheda, Pimparkheda, Pimpri, Pimpri Bk, Pimpri Kh, Pirbawada, Pisadevi, Pishor, Piyush Vihar , Pohari Bk Pokhari, Pokhari, Purangaon, Puri, Rahalpatti, Rahatgaon, Rahimabad, Rail Navadi, Raipur, Rajendra Colony, Ranjangaon, Ranjangaon Dandga, Ranjangaon Khuri, Ranjangaon Narhari, Relgaon , Rithi, Rotegaon, Safiyabadwadi, Sahastramuli, Saigavhan, Sakegaon, Samarth Nagar, Sanjarpurwadi, Sanjkheda, Sarola, Sarola, Sasegaon, Satal Pimpri, Satala, Satana, Satara, Satkund Tanda, Savkheda, Sawaladbara, Sawandgaon, Sawangi, Sawangi, Sawargaon, Sawkhed Ganga, Sawkheda, Selgaon, Selud, Shafepur, Shahajapur, Shahapur, Shankarpur, Shekta, Shekta, Shelgaon Khalsa, Shendra Kamangar, Shendurwada, Shernapur, Sherpunji, Shevga, Shevta Kh., Shindephal, Shindol, Shingi, Shioor, Shirasgaon , Shirodi, Shirodi Bk, Shirodi Kh, Shivna, Shivrai, Shivrai, Shivrai, Shivsamadhan Colony, Siddhanath Wadgaon, Sillegaon, Sillod, Sindhon , Sirasgaon , Sirasgaon, Siregaon , Sisarkheda, Sitanaik Tanda, Soegaon, Solanapur, Sompuri, Sonkheda , Sonwadi Kh., Sulibhanjan, Sultanpur, Surala , Tad Pimpalgaon , Tajnapur , Takali, Takali Ambad, Takli, Takli, Takli Antur, Takli Jiwrag, Takli Kh., Talni, Talwada, Tanda , Tandulwadi, Telasman, Thergaon , Tidhi , Tidka , Tisgaon, Tisgaon Tanda , Tondoli, Tuljapur, Tunki, Turkabad Kharadi, Umbarkheda, Umravati, Undangaon, Upla, Upli, Uppalkheda, Vaijapur, Verul, Vihamandwa, Viramgaon, Virgaon, Vita, Vitkheda, Wadala, Wadali, Wadgaon, Wadgaon, Wadgaon Kh., Wadgaon Kolhati, Wadhod, Wadhod, Wadi Sutonda, Wadji, Wadji, Wadkha, Wadner Tanda, Wadod Bajar, Wadod Chatha, Wadodpan, Wadodpan Kh., Wadwali, Waghalagaon, Waghera, Waghla, Waghola, Wahegaon, Wahegaon, Wahegaon, Wahegaon, Wakad, Waki, Wakla, Wakod, Waladgaon, Walodgaon, Waluj Bk., Waluj Kh., Wanegaon Bk, Wanegaon Kh , Wangi , Wangi Kh., Wanjargaon , Waregaon , Warkhed , Warkhedi, Warthan , Warud, Warud Kh., Warudi, Warzadi, Warzadi, Wasadi , Wasai, Wasusaigaon , Yesgaon , Yesgaon, Zalta, Zodegaon,


Note: Following content is from History And Legend In Hyderabad, pp.7-9

[p.7]:More people have heard of Ajanta and Ellora than of Aurangabad. But the story of this historic district on the Bombay border is almost as interesting as these famous masterpieces in art and architecture.

The earliest trace of human habitation in this district was discovered in the shape of a paleolithic artifact at Moongi on the left bank of the Godavari. Antiquities of the Stone Age, have been discovered at several places in the district but the regular history begins circa 300 B.C., that is, at the beginning of the early Andhra period. Since then man’s genius has continuously exerted itself in fathoming the deepest recesses of the human soul.

These sublime efforts have manifested themselves in monuments at various places, which are permeated with a spiritual glow.

The Pandavas during their exile are said to have wandered into the Aurangabad district, and also to have constructed the massive hill fortification of Deogarh (Deogiri, Devagiri).

The Surpanath hill near Kannad in the district is pointed out as having been the residence of Surpanakha whose ears and nose were cut off by Sri Lakshmana.

The expedition of Alexander made the Greeks acquainted with India and soon they also found the sea route. In those days the Dakshinapatha (Deccan) was under great vassals (Mahamandalesvaras), and hereditary land-holders (Poligars), who owed allegiance to the overlords of Tagara and Plithana (Paithan).

Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, sent Dionysius into the southern parts of India about B.C. 268, and it was then that Tagara became known to the Greeks. It is also mentioned by Arrian that on the arrival of the Greeks in the Deccan “ Tagara was the metropolis of a large district called Ariaca, and that Tagara and Plithana were the principal marts in Dachanabades.” All kinds of merchandise from throughout the Deccan were brought to Tagara and thence conveyed on carts to Barygaza, now Broach. Ptolemy agrees with Arrian in placing Tagara and Plithana to the north of Godavari, but the

[p.8]: position of Tagara has not been quite identified, although attempts have been made to fix it near Daulatabad (Deogarh), Bhir, Junagar and Gulbarga.

Plithana is evidently Paithan, as it was about twenty days journey from, or 230 miles south of Broach; and if Ptolemy’s latitude and longitude be correct, Tagara should be 87 miles north-east of Paithan, or near Maiker in Berar.

The more general statements of Arrian and Ptolemy, however, place Tagara ten days’ Journey east of Paithan, which would bring it near Nanded on the Godavari. The remark in the Periplus that coarse dangaris, and very much fine linen, and muslins of sorts, and mallow coloured stuffs, and other merchandise were taken to Tagara from "parts along the coast," would seem to show that Tagara was also in connection with the Bay of Bengal; and it is known that even as early as the time of Sakya Muni, Kalinga on the east coast was noted for the manufacture of fine muslins.

On the silver screen of Deccan history then flashed the Greeks (Yavanas), Scythians (Sakas), and Parthians (Sahs), and the Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Kalachuriyas and Yadavas, till we reach 1295 A.D. when Muslims first arrived in the Deccan — Aurangabad district being almost the very first to feel their presence.

Ramadeva (Ramachandra) was the last of the independent Yadavas (1271-1310 A.D,), but his Minister, Hemadpanth, is now more well-known than the king himself.

Hemadpanth, or Hemadri, was not only the author of many books on Hindu law and other subjects, but also the originator of the Hemadpanth! style of temple architecture, as typified by numerous Hemadpanth! temples in the State today.

Alauddin Khilji was the first to invade, defeating Ramadeva in 1295 A.D. when the Yadavas became vassals of the Khiljis. Shankara, the last of his line, rebelled and was put to death in 1310.

The romance of Deval Devi and Khizr Khan, which is the subject of Ashiqa of Amir Khusro, occurred during this period and it was also during this period that Deogiri came under the sway of the Khiljis, though the fort changed hands several times till 1318 when it finally became an Imperial stronghold — Qutbuddin Mubarak Shah, Alauddin’s successor, himself entering the fort. In Nuh Sipahr, Amir Khusro relates some of the incidents of this conquest.

Aurangabad district was also the scene of the exploits of the famous slave Kafur Hazardinari, Alauddin’s favourite who rose to be the Malik Naib of the Khilji Empire and the main power behind the throne. He was murdered in Delhi only 35 days after Alauddin’s death.

The district of Aurangabad twice had the privilege of becoming the seat of a united India. The first attempt was made by Muhammad Tughlaq during the first half of the 14th century, while Aurangzeb spent his last 25 years in the Deccan with Aurangabad more or less as the headquarters of his government.

Aurangabad has been the home of Maratha saints and litterateurs, who initiated great spiritual and literary movements. Notable authors whose works to this day illuminate the pages of Indian literature are many. Among the very first was Salivahana

[p.9]: whose Kosha was a dictionary consisting 4,00,000 kathas, or Prakrit verses, in compiling which he had the assistance of no less than six authors. Among Salivahana's other works are Salivahana Saptasati, Salihotra and Gajachikitsa.

Paithan was once a seat of Sanskrit learning. Here also lived for a time the famous Maratha saint Gnaneshwar, torch-bearer of a great religious message, who attacked the snobbery of Sanskrit pundits and wrote a commentary on Srimad Bhagwad Gita, which has become a masterpiece of Marathi literature. By carrying to the common man religious literature that was until then locked up in classic Sanskrit, he created a revolution.

Another Maratha saint was Eknath. He was the first Maratha social reformer to launch an open attack on untouchability. Eknath’s grandson, Mukteshwar, was also a great Marathi poet.

In the latter days, Sri Ramdas Swami (1608-1681 A.D.) also travelled in the district. He was the spiritual guru of Shivaji, and in Saka 1571 (A.D. 1649) Shivaji Chatrapati became his disciple. During his life-time, Sri Ramdas Swami was considered an incarnation of Maruti or Hanuman. He was also a Prakrit writer and his Das Bodh, Sphut Abhang, the Samos Atmaram and Manachei Slok are well-known. Similarly, Amrit Rao (1698-1753) is noted for his katav style of writing which consists of padas of 60 syllables each. Among his well-known books are Draupadi Vastraharan, Jivadasa, Durvasa Tatra, Ramchandra Varnan, Ganapati Varnan, and a novel Druvacharita.

Among the Muslim writers were Kazi Shahabuddin Zawali, who was called “ king of sages ” by his contemporaries, Shahnawaz Khan Samsamuddaula (1669-1751), the author of Ma'athir-ul-Umara, and Gulam Ali Khan Azad (born 1704).

Aurangabad is, and has always been, famous for its attractive textiles, like Jamiwar, Mashru and Kamkhab, well-known to connoisseurs since 17th century.


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[1] ने लेख किया है ...औरंगाबाद (p.120): इस नगर की स्थापना 1610 ई. में मलिक अम्बर ने की थी। 1626 ई. में मलिक अम्बर के पुत्र फतेह ने इस नगर का नाम अपने नाम पर फतेहनगर रख दिया। कालांतर में मुग़ल शहंशाह औरंगज़ेब ने इसके समीप ही ताजमहल जैसा बीबी का मक़बरा बनवाया और नगर का नाम खाड़की से बदलकर औरंगाबाद कर दिया। हैदराबाद के राजधानी बन जाने की वजह से, पहले स्वतन्त्र निज़ाम का मुख्यालय रह चुके इस शाहीनगर का विकास नहीं हो सका। 1947 में हैदराबाद के अधिमिलन के बाद यह भारतीय गणराज्य का अंग बन गया।

औरंगाबाद शहर से एक मील की दूरी पर सह्याद्रि की पहाड़ियों पर औरंगाबाद की गुफाएँ है। ये गुफाएँ चालुक्य वंश के काल में छठी और सातवीं सदी ईस्वी के बीच बनायी गयीं। सभी गुफाएँ बौद्ध धर्म से प्रेरित चैत्य एवं विहार हैं। परम्परा के अनुसार चैत्य गुफाएँ धार्मिक पूजा-अर्चना और चिंतन-तपश्चर्या के लिए होती थी, तो विहार धर्मोपदेश के लिए सभागृह का काम करते थे। गुफा संख्या 3 को छोड़कर शेष गुफाओं की स्थापत्य एवं शिल्पकला स्थूल एवं निम्नकोटि की है। फिर भी यहाँ कुछ नारी-शिल्प आकारों का गठन तथा भाव की सूक्ष्मता के कारण सुन्दर बन पड़े हैं। गुफा संख्या 3 की उल्लेखनीय बात यह है कि अब तक जातक कथाओं के सन्दर्भ, भित्ति चित्रों की भाषा में अजंता की गुफ़ाओं में उजागर हुए हैं, पर यहाँ वे शिल्प कला के रूप में मूर्त्त हुए हैं। इसमें महात्मा बुद्ध की एक विशाल प्रतिमा है। गुफा संख्या 7 में मन्दिर गर्भ में बुद्ध की भव्यमूर्ति प्रलम्बपाद मुद्रा में स्थित है। सीधी तरफ बोधिसत्वों तथा तारा के शिल्प हैं। और बायीं तरफ नृत्य समारोह का आकर्षक पैनल है। यह पैनल जिसमें मुख्य नर्तकी के दोनों तरफ स्त्री वादक हैं, भारतीय नृत्य परम्परा का आदर्श प्रस्तुत करता है। पूरा पैनल इस खूबी से तराशा गया है कि त्रिमित आयाम का प्रभाव बड़ी खूबी से जान पड़ता है। इन मूर्तियों के अलंकृत मुकुट और भाव-भंगिमाएँ आदि सभी में एक ऐसी संगति है कि समूचा पैनल लय और कम्पन के कला आयामों के साथ जीवंत बन जाता है।

इन प्राचीन गुफाओं के अतिरिक्त औरंगाबाद में मध्यकालीन स्मारक भी हैं। मलिक अम्बर ने जल वितरण की व्यवस्था नगर से पाँच मील (लगभग 8 कि.मी.) दूर से की थी, उसके अवशेष आज भी दृष्टव्य हैं। मलिक अम्बर के समय का नौखण्डा महल और काली मस्जिद अन्य ऐतिहासिक स्मारक हैं। औरंगजेब की बेगम रबिया- उददौरानी का मक़बरा या बीवी का मक़बरा, ताजमहल की असफल अनुकृति है। इसका निर्माण कार्य अताउल्ला खाँ के नेतृत्व में 1679 ई. सम्पन्न हुआ। इसमें लौह निर्मित प्रवेश द्वारों पर फूल-पत्तियों की बेलें उकेरी गयी हैं। जो धातु कला के सुन्दर उदाहरण हैं। मकबरे की क़ब्र के चारों ओर सफ़ेद संगमरमर के अठपहले पर्दों और उसकी उभरी डिजाइनों में सुन्दर कारीगरी दिखायी गयी है। कला मर्मज्ञ पर्सी ब्राउन ने इस इमारत को वास्तुकला की उन्नति का एक ज्वलंत उदाहरण माना है।

औरंगाबाद नगर मध्य-पश्चिम महाराष्ट्र राज्य के पश्चिमी भारत में कौम नदी के तट पर स्थित। यह खाड़की नाम से प्रसिद्ध है। औरंगाबाद नगर ने भारतीय इतिहास को कई करवटें लेते देखा है। इतिहास की परस्पर विरोधी धाराओं से टकराता हुआ औरंगाबाद अपने ख़ास व्यक्तित्व को लिए आज भी खड़ा है।

महाराष्ट्र के दक्खन के पठार के मध्य में स्थित भारतीय इतिहास में ईसा पूर्व चौथी सदी से लेकर अठारहवीं सदी के बीच आये मोड़ों का प्रत्यक्ष साझीदार यह शहर आज तक अपने को सुरक्षित रख सका है। इसी कारण यहाँ अतीत और वर्तमान के बीच सम्बन्ध सूत्र स्थापित हो गया है। पहले सातवाहनों और फिर वाकाटकों के हाथों में यहाँ की राजसत्ता आयी। इसके बाद यहाँ बादामी के चालुक्य वंश और राष्ट्रकूटों का शासन रहा। ऐश्वर्यशाली यादव वंश के उदय से पूर्व यहाँ कल्याणी के चालुक्य वंश का राज्य था।

औरंगाबाद कलात्मक रेशमी वस्त्रों विशेषकर शॉल के लिए प्रसिद्ध है। मराठवाड़ा विश्वविद्यालय (1958) यहाँ का विख्यात शिक्षा केन्द्र है। जिससे अनेक महाविद्यालय संबद्ध हैं। सुप्रसिद्ध व ऐतिहासिक अजंता की गुफ़ाएँ और एलोरा की गुफ़ाएँ समीप होने के कारण यह एक प्रख्यात पर्यटन स्थल भी बन गया है।

संदर्भ: भारतकोश-औरंगाबाद

Jat Gotras

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