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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Babbar (बब्बर)[1] [2][3] Babar (बाबर)[4] Barbar (बर्बर)[5] Barbar (बारबर)[6] Barbra[7] is a Jat gotra found in Punjab, India and Pakistan. Baburi, or Barbari is a Jat clan found in Afghanistan.[8] Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [9] Babbar are found in Found in Northern Sindh Districts of Pakistan.


Their Sanskritised name is Barbara (बर्बर). Arthashastra mentions a river named Srautaśi on Barbara Kool.[10]

बर्बरकूले समुद्रैकदेशे श्रीघण्टो नाम ह्रदः

As the name suggests, they were near the sea (Caspian ? Aral ?). Their country was known to the Greeks, as Barbikae. [11]

The Mahabharata Tribes - Barbara ( बर्बर) - A northern Himalayan tribe (uttarajtha janmarah, XII. 200.39-40) is Jat Gotra Babbar (बब्बर)'

उत्तरा पदजन्मानः कीर्तयिष्यामि तान अपि
यौन काम्बॊजगान्धाराः किराता बर्बरैः सह (XII.200.40)
कच्छा गॊपाल कच्छाश च लाङ्गलाः परवल्लकाः
किराता बर्बराः सिद्धा विदेहास ताम्रलिङ्गकाः (VI.10.55)

Mention by Panini

V. S. Agrawala[12] writes that Gaṇa-pāṭha of Panini refers to janapada Barbara (बर्बर) (IV.3.93), on the sea cost near the mouth of Indus where the port of Barbarika was situated. (p.62)

Barbar (बर्बर) {also Parvata), Barbad (बर्बड़) is name of a Country mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Dhumadi (धूमादि) (4.2.127) group.[13]

Barbar (बर्बर) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Takshashiladi (तक्षशिलादि) (4.3.93) group.[14]

Barbara (बर्बर)/ Varvara (वर्वर) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Krishashvadi (कृशाश्वादि) ( group. [15]

Barbara (बर्बर) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [16]


H.A. Rose[17] writes that The Jats of the south-east Punjab have two other divisions, 1. Shibgotra and 2. Kashib-gotra. The former are also called asl or real Jats and confess that their progenitor sprang from Shiva's matted hair and was so called jat bhadra. They have 12 gots, which are descended from the 12 sons of Barh, who conquered a large part of Bikaner. His descendants are chiefly sprung from Punia and they held the country round Jhansal. These 12 Gotras are: 1. Punia. 2. Dhanian. 3. Chhacharik. 4. Bali. 5. Barbra. 6. Solahan. 7- Chiria. 8. Chandia. 9. Khokha. 10. Dhanaj. 11. Letar. 12. Kakar.

H. W. Bellew writes that Baburi, or Barbari, inhabit Sarijangal and Lal districts, and the upper valley of the Hari Rud, and are reckoned at about twenty thousand families. They represent the Bebrikkoi of Strabo (Greog. vii. 3), a Thrakian tribe of Jata or Getai Skyths. [18]

Barbari, or Babari, claim descent from the Koresh Arab ; but, as I have previously suggested, the Koresh from which several different tribes in Afghanistan claim descent, is probably the Rajput Keruch of Tod, commonly called Kurush, Gorish, Goraish,Gorich, etc., in Afghanistan, where this name is of very ancient date. [19]

H.A. Rose [20] States about Babbar (बब्बर), a Jat tribe in Dera Ghazi Khan — probably immigrants from the east or aboriginal — and in Bahawalpur, where they give the following genealogy : —

Raja Karan.

Babbar. + Gabbar. + Rabbar. + Jhaggar.

Distribution in Punjab

This Gotra is found among Sikh Jats in Punjab and also among some Khatri families of Yamunanagar in Haryana.

Distribution in Pakistan

According to 1911 census the Babbar were the principal Muslim Jat clan in Pakistan:


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