Barahi

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For village see Barohi Dasua

Barahi (बराही)[1] Barai (बराई) Burai (बरई) is gotra of Jats. Brahoe/Brahwi/Barohi clan is found in Afghanistan.[2] Barai (बराई) Jat clan is found in Amritsar. [3]

Origin

This gotra is said to be started from their ancestral Raja Dharanivaraha (धरणीवराह). [4]

History

Faridkot city in Punjab was founded by Bhallan of the Burai Jats in 16th century during the reign of Mughal emperor Akbar.[5]

H. W. Bellew [6] writes that The Parikanoi (Persian plural form of the Indian Paru-ka = "mountaineer") mentioned by Herodotus along with the Asiatic Ethiopians, are now represented by the Brahoe, Brahwi, or Barohi an indigenous word of the same signification, " mountaineer". The term Asiatic Ethiopians of Herodotus, here mentioned, refers to that branch of the ancient Cushites which at a very early period settled in the Tigris valley, and thence extended along the sea-coast to the Indus. From these parts they spread eastward to the heart of Rajputana or Rajwara as the Kachwaha and to the north as far as Hindu Kush, where we have seen Kachwaha tribes among the people of the Kafiristan and Kunar or Kashkar. The tradition current among the Baloch, of their ancestors having come from Aleppo in Syria evidently refers to the Cushite origin of the ancient inhabitants of the country.

Brahwi

H. W. Bellew [7] writes that The Brahwi, — the name is said to be a corruption of Ba-rohi,"of the hills," or "Highlanders," and distinguishes this people from the Baloch, whom they designate as Na-rohi (Narhwi), " not of the hills," or " Lowlanders," — inhabit the Sarwan and Jhalawan provinces of Kalat Balochistan, and the Brahwi, or Brahwik, range of mountains extending southwards through these districts and Las Bela, from Shal Kot (Quetta) in the north to the sea coast in the south, and bounded eastward by Kach Gandava and westward by Nushki and Kharan. This wide area of mountains and elevated plateaux is the central home of the mountaineers called Brahwi, and is the country in which their language, called Brahwiki, prevails. The name Brahwi, thus explained, corresponds to the term Kohistani, applied to the "mountaineers " of the Swat and Boner countries at the northern extremity of the Indus frontier, and is not the proper ethnic name of the people to whom it is, in one sense, properly enough applied. The proper ethnic name of the Brahwi and his language is Baraha, an aboriginal tribe of kindred race with the Lumri ; but the names Baraha and Brahwi, Brahoe and Barohi, are really the same, and the people so called are of the same stock as the Kurd or Kurd-Gali. Though mostly centred in the area above defined, the Brahwi is found all over Balochistan, and, as we have seen, in Sistan also ; and though in his native home he is more commonly called Brahwi, outside it he is most commonly called Kurd, or KurdGali; whilst both names, Brahwi and Kurd, are common to him everywhere. The Brahwi or Kurd is in reality a descendant of the ancient Assyrian or Khaladi. During the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries the Kurd were an important people in Afghanistan ; and under the Malik Kurd dynasty (previously noticed), the princes of which were treated as favoured vassals by Changiz Khan and his successors, they held the government of Herat, Ghor, and Kandahar to the confines of the provinces on the Indus. The Malik Kurd dynasty in Afghanistan was extinguished, as before stated, by Tamerlane ; but was revived in Balochistan by the ancestor of the present Khan of Kalat, a chieftain of the Kambar clan of Kurd. I have mentioned these historical details, because they help to explain in some degree the mixture of Turk (subjects of the Kurd) elements in the composition of the tribes of Balochistan, whether clans of the Brahwi or of the Baloch. Most of the names of the clans and sections of both these great tribes end in the Persian plural form (possessive) -ani (which is sometimes changed to -anri or -ari), corresponding to the Indian -ka. or -ki, and the Afghan -khel and -zi.


[Page-179]: The principal Brahwi clans are the following ; and they are all subdivided into more or less numerous sections, some of which contain only a few families. The principal clans are : —

Amal. Bangal. Bizanju. Ghajgi. Jatah. Kalloi. Kambar. Kedar. Kochik. Kurd. Langao. Lari. Luti. Mahmud Shahi. Mandar. Mingal. Noshirwani. Pazh. Phog. Rais. Raksh. Rod. Saholi. Samala. Sarpara. Shekh Huseni. Shirwani. Sonari. Tambar. Zehri. Zigar, etc. Of these names,

settled here by Mahmud Ghaznavi.

The others are all Kurd or Brahwi clans ; amongst them

  • Kambar is the tribe of the ruling chief at Kalat, the Kambarani Khan.

Besides the above there is a great number of subdivisions, the names of many of which appear indifferently as Brahwi and Baloch.

Barahi Village

Barahi is village in district Jhajjar Tehsil Bahadurgarh, Haryana. Main Jat gotra in this village is Chhillar

Barohi Village

Barohi Village is in Dasua or Dasuya tahsil in Hoshiarpur district in Punjab, India.

References

  1. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.50,s.n. 1653
  2. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, The Oriental University Institute, Woking, 1891, p.176
  3. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.64
  4. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 271
  5. Encyclopaedia Britannica 2001
  6. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, The Oriental University Institute, Woking, 1891, p.176
  7. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, The Oriental University Institute, Woking, 1891, p.178-179

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