|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)|
- Barisala बारीसाल, बांग्लादेश, (AS, p.622)
- Varishena वारिषेण (AS, p.845)
- Barishal 
- Chandrodip (চন্দ্রদ্বীপ)
- Bacola (বাকলা)
Barisal District is bounded by Madaripur, Shariatpur, Chandpur and Lakshmipur districts on the north, Patuakhali, Barguna and Jhalokati districts on the south, Bhola and Lakshmipur districts on the east, Jhalokati, Pirojpur and Gopalganj districts on the west.
Several rivers flow across Barisal including the Kirtankhola, Arial Khan, Khoyrabad, Kalijira and Sandha. It is the largest city and the administrative headquarter of both Barisal district and Barisal Division. It is one of the oldest municipalities and river ports of the country.
In ancient times, it was called Chandrodip (চন্দ্রদ্বীপ). The ancient city of Barisal was also known as Ismailpur & Bacola (বাকলা) in Europe. Ralph Fitch, the first ever Englishman, a leather merchant, known to have visited Bengal in the mid 1580s, described Barisal in his journal as, “From Chatigan in Bengal, I came to Bacola; the king whereof is a Gentile, a man very well disposed and delighted much to shoot in a gun. His country is very great and fruitful, and hath store of rice, much cotton cloth, and cloth of silk. The houses are very fair and high built, the streets large, and people naked, except a little cloth about their waist. The women wear a great store of silver hoops about their necks and arms, and their legs are ringed with silver and copper, and rings made from elephants’ teeth.”
Barisal was a semi-independent area in the Mughal period because of heavy fighting between them and Hindu chiefs, although large parts of the city were totally under the control of the governors of the proto-industrialised Bengal Subah. In course of time, it fell under the Bengal Nawabs, the last being Raja Ramranjan Chakravarty and then colonial British India, later passed to East Pakistan at independence and finally Bangladesh.
Varshneya in Mahabharata
विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर ने लेख किया है .....वारिषेण (AS, p.845): वारिषेण नामक एक प्राचीन स्थान का उल्लेख महाभारत, सभापर्व 52 में हुआ है। यहाँ के निवासी युधिष्ठिर के राजसूय यज्ञ में उपायन लेकर उपस्थित हुए थे। वारिषेण का अभिज्ञान वर्तमान 'बारीसाल' (बांग्लादेश) से किया गया है।
राजा श्रेणिक के पुत्र वारिषेण
बिहार प्रान्त के राजगृह नगर में राजा श्रेणिक राज्य करते थे । उनके कई पुत्रों में से एक पुत्र का नाम वारिषेण था । वे छोटी ही उमर में मुनि हो गये थे । वे मुनिराज जहां - तहां विचरते और लोगों को उपदेश देते हुये पलाशकूट नगर में पहुंचे। वहां राजा श्रेणिक के मंत्री का पुत्र पुष्पडाल रहता था।
- "Bangladesh changes English spellings of five districts". Bdnews24.com. Dhaka. 2 April 2018.
- "Barisal City Corporation".
- चीनान हूनाञ शकान ओडून पर्वतान्तरवासिनः, वार्ष्णेयान हारहूणांश च कृष्णान हैमवतांस तदा (II.47.19)
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.622
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.845
- [ http://amitsagar.com/Hindi/JainTale%204.html वारिषेण राजपुत्र की कथा]