Batiagadh

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Batiagadh on Map of Damoh District‎

Batiagadh (बटियागढ़) is an ancient historical town in Damoh District of Madhya Pradesh.

Variants

  • Batihagadh (बटिहागढ़)
  • Batiagarh (बटियागढ़)
  • Batiagarh (बटियागढ़), जिला दमोह, म.प्र., (p.602)
  • Batihadim/Batihadima (बटिहाड़िम) = Batiagarh (बटियागढ़), (p.602)
  • Badiharina (बड़िहारिन), दे. Batiagarh (बटियागढ़), (AS, p.604)

Location

Batiagarh is located about 40 km north of Damoh situated on Damoh-Chhatarpur.

History

Damoh rose to importance in the 14th century. An inscription was discovered at Batiagadh of the year V.S 1385 = 1328 AD which records Muslims as Sakas. It mentions Muhammad Tuglak. It tells us that Delhi was also known by the name Yoginipura.[1] This historic town was the erstwhile headquarters of the Khojas before the center of power was transferred to Damoh. The Khojas had the regional administrative center of the Chanderi province at Batihadim (Batiagarh) which was transferred to Damova (Damoh). Damoh was the seat of Maratha governors.

Tej Ram Sharma mentions about Kharaparikas (खरपरिक) (No. 1, L. 22) : One of the tribes who were subjugated by Samudragupta. D. R. Bhandarkar takes them to be the Kharparas (खरपर) mentioned in the Batihagadh Inscription[2] of the Damoh district of M.P. Kharpara means a thief, a rogue or a cheat. The name Kharaparika does not occur elsewhere in inscriptions or literature. The Markandeya Purana mentions a tribe called Khara-sagara-rāśis, along with the Gandharas and the [Yaudheya]]s; and the Matsya Purana refers to a country named Kharapatha, watered by the river Nalini. It is difficult to say whether Khara-sagara-rasi and Kharapatha (खरपथ) had anything to do with the Kharaparikas. K.P. Jayaswal expresses the probability of the identification of the Kharaparikas with the five Karpaṭas of the Mahabharata.[3]

Batihagarh stone Inscription of the Vikrama Year 1385 (1328 AD)

(Deposited in the Nagpur Museum?)

Batihagarh is a village 21 miles north-west of Damoh. The inscription refers itself to Jallala Khoja, a local Muhammadan Governor at Batihadim (the present Batihagarh). It states that Jallala was the representative of Hisamuddin, son of Julachi, who was appointed Commander of the Kharapara armies and Governor of Chedi country by Sultan Mahmud of Yoginipura or Delhi. This Mahmud must be Nasiruddin Mahmud of the Slave dynasty who reigned between 1246 and 1266 A. D. It was in 1251 that he conquered Chanderi and Malava and appointed a Governor there.1 The mention of Kharapara armies gives importance to this record. They are apparently identical with the Kharaparikas of Samudragupta's inscription on the Allahabad pillar. They must have been a powerful tribe to deserve mention by that great Emperor in the 4th Century A.D. The record is dated in the Vikrama year corresponding to 1328 A.D.


1. Briggs' Firishtā, Volume I, page 232, and Tabakāt-i-Nasīri as quoted in Dowden's Elliott, Volume VI, page 351, and Cunningham's archaeological Reports, Volume II. page 402,


Source- (Epigraphia Indica, Volume XII, page 44 ff.), Hira Lal:Descriptive lists of inscriptions in the Central provinces and Berar, p.50

Batihagarh Persian stone Inscription 1324 AD

(Deposited in the Deputy Commissioner's Bungalow.)

It records the foundation of a palace (?) in the reign of Ghiyāsuddin-ud-duniyā in the year 725 A. H. (A. D. 1324). If the date is correct, this man must have been the Tughalak king who reigned between 1320 and 1325 A. D. But if this Ghiyasuddin is identical with that of the Damoh Inscription No. 72, the Hijri year will have to be corrected. It is, however, possible that both may have ruled Damoh in their own times.

Source- (Epigraphia Indica, Volume XII, page 44 ff.), Hira Lal:Descriptive lists of inscriptions in the Central provinces and Berar, p.51

Batihagarh undated stone Inscription 1328 AD

(Deposited in Deputy Commissioner's Bungalow)

The inscription records the construction of a garden and well at Khalchipur during the times of Jallala. It is undated, but must have been written after Samvat 1385 (A.D. 1328), as a number of verses have been copied from the Batihagarh inscription of that date.

Source - Hira Lal: Descriptive lists of inscriptions in the Central provinces and Berar,p.52

External links

References

  1. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.602
  2. Epigraphia Indica. XII, p. 46, v.5.
  3. Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions by Tej Ram Sharma, p.135-36

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