Bhadrakali

From Jatland Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Bhadrakali Kurukshetra
Bhadrakali , circa 1675 Painting; Made in: India, Himachal Pradesh, Basohli , now placed in LACMA Museum(M.72.53.7)

Bhadrakali (IAST: Bhadrakālī, Devanagari: भद्रकाली) , also known as the gentle Kali, is generally an auspicious form of the goddess Kali, and the legend states that she came into being by Devi’s wrath, when Daksha insulted Shiva. It is believed that Bhadrakāli was a local deity, which was assimilated into the mainstream Hinduism, particularly into Shaiva mythology. Sometimes, she assumes terrible aspect, and is represented with three eyes, and four, twelve or eighteen hands. She carries a number of weapons, with flames flowing from her head, and a small tusk protruding from her mouth. She is the consort of Virabhadra. [1] This way she is ancestor of many Jat clans.

History

The historian Ram Swarup Joon has given the chronology of Virabhadra, obtained from the records of the Bards of Dholpur, in his book ‘History of the Jats’ (1938, 1967) as under: [2]

In the branch of Puru there was ‘Sanyati’ whose son was Virabhadra. Virabhadra had four sons 1. Pon Bhadra 2. Kalhan Bhadra 3. Atisur Bhadra and 4. Jakh Bhadra.

According to Ram Swarup Joon, the descendants of above spread as under:

(a) Pon Bhadra’s descendants Punias to Haryana, Brij, and Gwalior

(b) Kalhan Bhadra’s descendants Kalhans to Kathiawar and Gujarat.

(c) Atisur Bhadra’s descendants Anjana Jata Shankar to Malwa

(d) Jakh Bhadra’s descendants Jakhars to Punjab and Kashmir

(e) Dahi Bhadra’s descendants Dahiyas to Punjab and Central Asia.

Temples of Bhadrakali

Ma Bhadrakali Temple Ujjain

It is clear from the above chronology that some descendants of Virabhadra have moved to Malwa and Gujarat. There must be some traces left in these areas.

  • Bhadrakali temple in Ahmedabad (Gujarat) - We find The traces of their migration in the form of temples of Bhadrakali in Ahmedabad (Gujarat) and in Malwa near Ratlam. The historian PN Oak has revealed that one densely populated area of Ahmedabad is known as 'Bhadra'. Bhadra is a sanskrit name. This Bhadra area is having a number of mosques. PN Oak has revealed that the Jama-masjid of Bhadra area in Ahmedabad was earlier a temple of Bhadrakali diety, which was converted to masjid. Bhadrakali was the primeval diety of this city. He proved, through number of articles published in 1964-65, that so called Jama-masjid of Ahmedabad (Karnavati or Rajnagar) was the temple of city and royal diety Bhadrakali. [3]
  • Bhadrakali Temple Bajna - We also find the temple of Bhadrakali at place called Bajna at a distance of 36 km from Ratlam city in Malwa region. This Bhadrakali temple is of the period of Parmara rulers and known as Garhkhankhai mataji. This temple is situated in dense forested area of the valley at the sangam of Karan river and Mahi river. Raja Bhoj had constructed this temple. This place is also recognized as shaktipitha in India. The excavations at this site has produced rare idols of Shiva in yoga pose, Lakshami, Gajasursanhar, Surya and Nataraja. The world famous 'Tripurasundari ma' temple at a distance of 60 km from this place is situated at village Talwada in Banswara district in Rajasthan. An inscription of 1540 AD found here reveals that this temple was constructed prior to the rule of Kanishka. Some people believe it to be constructed before 3rd century AD. There was a very ancient place here known as 'Garhpoli' which is called as 'Umarai' at present. Excavations in 1982 at this place have produced idols of Shiva with Parvati on his thigh. Ganesha and Kartikeya are seated on both sides.[4]
  • Bhadrakali Temple in Ujjain, India - Adjoining the famous Mahakal Temple Ujjain.
  • Bhadrakali Temple Kurukshetra - the Bhadrakali Temple (one of the 51 places of worship of Shakti) [5] The temple is dedicated to Bhadrakali a form of shakti. This is considered to be one of the fifty one Shakti pithas of India. It is believed that the right ankle of Sati fell here in the well. The consort of Savtri is called Sthanu. Hence, the city is called Sthanesvar (Thanesar) meaning abode of Shiva. It is believed that the mundan (hair removing) ceremony of Srikrishna and Balarama was also performed in this temple. [6]
  • Kalikamli Temple Kurukshetra - The temple is dedicated to Bhadrakali. The main deity worshipped in the sanctum sanctorum is Kali, a form of ‘Shakti’. As such Thanesar is known for Shaktism and tantricism. Apparently the temple might have existed in some or other form. The temple is double storied structure. Architecturally it is an off-beat style as the sanctum sanctrum and sanctum are juxtapositioned in such a way that it forms one single structure bearing composite style of domical and vaulted roofs. [7]
  • Bhadrakali, Siva and Vishnu temple at Lokanar Kavu - (8 km east of Badagara) in Kerala[8]
  • Mata Bhadrakali Temple Handwara, Kashmir - The Kashmiri Pandits community has a lot of faith in one of the most ancient temple goddess, Bhadrakali and she is considered as the source of inspiration and strength for all those who offer their prayers there.Mata Bhadrakali temple is one and a half hour drive from Srinagar and is located in Handwara area of north Kashmir.[9]
  • Bhadrakali Temple at Pehowa in Kurukshetra district in Haryana.
  • The Bhadra Kali temple of Sahpau in Hathras district in Uttar Pradesh.

Reference


Back to The Ancient Jats