Bhangal

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Bhangal (भंगल)[1] Bhagal (भगल) Bhangu (भंगु)[2] Bhagu (भगु)[3] Bharangar (भरंगर) Bharangur (भरंगुर) Bhagar (भागर)/ Bhaggu (भग्गु)/Bhagg (भग्ग)[4] [5] Bhaggal (भग्गल)[6] is a gotra of Jats in Punjab, India and Pakistan. Bharangur in Punjab are called Bhangu. Bacal/Bakal/Bhagal clan is found in Afghanistan.[7] Bhagar (भगड़) Jat clan is found in Multan, Pakistan. [8] Bhaggu (भग्गू) is a sub-division of Jats.[9]

Origin

Villages founded by the clan

History

Ram Swarup Joon[12] writes about...Heir and Bhangu: Hindu, Sikh and Muslim Jats belonging to Heir Gotra are found in Hoshiarpur and Jullundur. Heir is a very old gotra. They associate themselves with the Ahri Clan. In the genealogical tables they are supposed to belong to the Yadu dynasty and Ahai was the grandson of Yadu. In ancient times Heir gotra and Ahr clan was settled in Iran and Turkistan. Jats of the Bhangu gotra are descendants of the Heir.


B S Dahiya[13] writes: This clan finds mention by the Greeks, at the time of Alexander’s Invasion and it is mentioned under the name, Phegelas or Phegeus. It is well known that the Indian “B” was termed into “P” by the Greeks and the suffix “S” is to be ignored as a Greek peculiarity. Keeping these facts in mind the name that remains is Bhagal or Bhagu. Under both these forms, this clan is known even today. Panini mentions them under the name Bhagala. They were a self governing clan, ruled by an aristocracy, with justice and moderation [14] Kaka, son of Kotal, grandson of Bhandargu Bhangu was ruling at Siwistan when the Arabs attacked Sindh. [15] Bhangu is given as the name of a demon, as well as the name of a mountain. Monier-Wlliams also mentions a Bhangasura. [16] [17]


H.A. Rose writes that Bhangu (भंगू), Bhanggu (भंग्गु), a Jat tribe which does not claim Rajput origin. The Bhangu and Nol were among the earliest inhabitants of the Jhang District and held the country about Shorkot, the Nol holding that round Jhang itself before the advent of the Sials, by whom both tribes were overthrown. Probably the same as the Bhango, supra. [18]

Bhangu Jat Gotra in Jind, Haryana, worship the Khera as their jathera.[19]

भरंगुर-भंगु-भरंगर जाटवंश

भरंगुर-भंगु-भरंगर - इस जाटवंश के विषय में अभी तक भृगु की सन्तान परम्परा में होने का विश्वास था। किन्तु अंधकारयुगीन भारशिव नागवंश का इतिहास स्पष्ट होने से इन जाटों का भी नागवंशी होना प्रमाणित हुआ है। पंजाब में ये लोग भंगु कहलाते हैं। इधर इनकी बहुत संख्या लगभग प्रत्येक जिले में है। पंजाब में ये सब सिक्ख धर्मानुयायी हैं। इस वंश की सबसे बड़ी प्रतिष्ठा की जागीर तहसील फिल्लौर में किला मौरों थी।

जालन्धर जिले में मौरों के अतिरिक्त पंगल, लगेरी, अवारा कलांअवारा खुर्द, चूहड़, माजरा, रुड़की, कालीमाजरा, दुर्वासा, अमृतगढ़, खेड़ी आदि सुप्रसिद्ध गांव भंगु सिक्ख जाटों के हैं। इस वंश के राजपूत व जाट भी हैं।

जिला मथुरा में 40 गांव जाटों के हैं जो कि भरंगर कहलाते हैं। सन् 1857 ई० में ये लोग अंग्रेजों के विरुद्ध लड़े थे। इस कारण से अंग्रेजों ने इनकी जमींदारी छीन ली जिससे ये लोग केवल काश्तकार ही रह गये।[20]

भंगु जाटों का सीस्तान पर प्रजातन्त्र शासन था। इन्होंने सिकन्दर से टक्कर ली थी। पाणिनी ने इनका नाम भगाला लिखा है तथा यूनानियों ने फेगेला लिखा है। (Mc Crindle, op Cit, P. 121 के हवाले से, जाट्स दी ऐनशन्ट रूलर्ज, पृ० 279 पर बी० एस० दहिया ने लिखा है)।[21]

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Saharanpur district

Paniyali Kasimpur,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Patials district

Bhangu population is 10,650 in Patiala district.[22]

Villages in Amritsar district

Bhangu population is 3,978 in Amritsar: This clan holds the large village of Khiala (Khurd and Kalan). The legendary Bhai Mehtab Singh Bhanghu of the Sikhs and General Shubeg Singh of the recent times belonged to this very clan.[23]

Villages in Ludhiana district

Bhangu population is 3,432 in Ludhiana district.[24]

Villages in Gurdaspur district

In Gurdaspur district the Bhangul population is (1,023). [25]

Villages in Firozpur district

Bhagu (t.Abohar,

Villages in Muktsar district

Villages in Nawanshahr district

Villages in Rupnagar district

Distribution in Pakistan

The Bhangu or Bhangoo or Bhango are prominent Jat clan and original inhabitants of the Punjab. Muslim Bhangu are found in different areas of the pakistani province of Punjab (Districts of Lahore, Sheikhupura, Jhang, Kasur, Sahiwal), Sindh (Khairpur District), Sarhad, and Kashmir with large number of villages and land holdings.

Notable persons from this clan

See also

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India, p.236, s.n.24
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. भ-23
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.53, s.n. 1847
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. भ-21
  5. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.54, s.n. 1907
  6. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix II,p.331
  7. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.78,92,158
  8. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.82
  9. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.82
  10. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.500
  11. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 272
  12. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 88
  13. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 279
  14. Mc Crindle, op. cit., p. 121
  15. Elliot and Dowson , Vol. I
  16. Monier-Wlliams, A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Oxford, 1960, p.744
  17. See also Levi, in Journal Asiatque, 1890 , p.239
  18. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.84
  19. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.375
  20. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III (Page 305)
  21. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV,p 361
  22. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon. p.126
  23. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon. p.124
  24. History and study of the Jats.B.S Dhillon. p.123
  25. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon. p. 127

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