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Bhenron (भेंरों) Bheron (भेंरों) Bhairav/ Bhairava/Bhairawa (भैरव) Bhairo (भैरो) Bhairon (भैरों) is god of war, (Annals i. 412).[1] Bhairav is considered to be the guard of Shakumbari Devi.


H.A. Rose[2] writes that Bharwana (भरवाना) is (1) a Muhammadan Jat clan is found in Montgomery ; (2) a clan of the Sials, descended from Bhairo.

Jat clans

Jat clans descended from Bhairav are:


Bhairava or Kala Bhairava

Bhairava (भैरव ="Terrible" or "Frightful"), sometimes known as Kala Bhairava, is a Hindu deity, a fierce manifestation of Shiva associated with annihilation. He originated in Hindu mythology and is sacred to Hindus, Buddhists and Jains alike. He is worshipped in Nepal, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand.

Legends - The origin of Bhairava can be traced to the conversation between Brahma and Vishnu recounted in the Shiv Mahapuran where Vishnu asked Brahma who is the supreme creator of the Universe. Arrogantly, Brahma told Vishnu to worship him, he being the supreme creator. One day Brahma thought, "I have five heads, Shiva also has five heads. I can do everything that Shiva does and therefore I am Shiva" Brahma had become a little egoistic. Not only had he became egoistic, he started to forge the work of Shiva. Brahma started interfering in what Shiva was supposed to do. Then Mahadeva (Shiva) threw a small nail from His finger, which assumed the form of Kala Bhairava, and casually went to cut the head of Brahma. The skull of Brahma is held in the hands of Kala Bhairava; Brahma Kapala in the hands of Kala Bhairava and Brahma’s ego was destroyed and he became enlightened. Then onwards he became useful to himself and to the world and deeply grateful to Shiva. In the form of the Kaala Bhairava, Shiva is said to be guarding each of these Shaktipeeths. Each Shaktipeeth temple is accompanied by a temple dedicated to Bhairava.

In Mahabharata

Adi Parva, Mahabharata Chapter 52 gives the names of all those Nagas that fell into the fire of this snake-sacrifice. Bhairava was born in the race of Dhritarashtra naga.[3]

Kal Bhairava temple

Kalabhairava Temple Ujjain

The worship of the eight Bhairavas is a part of Saivite tradition, and the chief among them is Kala Bhairava. The Kal Bhairava temple is believed to have been built by King Bhadrasen, on the banks of the Shipra. Mentioned in the Avanti Khanda of the Skanda Purana. Important for the Tantric Kapalika and Aghora sects, of which Ujjain was a prominent centre. Beautiful paintings in the Malwa style once decorated the temple walls, only traces of which are visible. The village of Bhairogarh, famous for its printing, takes its name from the temple, and is located very near.

Shakambhri and Bharav

  • Saharanpur - Shakambhri Devi near Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh - Shakti Peeth Shakambhri , meaning the abode of Shakti Goddess Shakambhari or Shakumbhri, is situated in the Jasmour village area, at a distance of 40 km to the north of Saharanpur in Uttar Pradesh state of Northern India. Perched in the midst of Shivalik mountain range, this temple is believed to have been built during the rule of the Marathas. Twice a year, in the Ashwin and Chaitra months of the Hindu calendar (during the days of Navratra), the famous Shakumbhri mela is organised. About one kilo meter east of Shakumbari lies the Bhura Dev (Bhairav) temple which is considered to be the guard of Shakumbari Devi. Because of this all the devotees to Shakumbhri Devi first visit Bhura-Dev temple and then proceed to the temple of the Goddess.

भैरव (गण)

भैरव पौराणिक महाकाव्य महाभारत के उल्लेखानुसार शिव के एक प्रकार के गण का नाम है, जो शंकर का अवतार माना जाता है। पुराणों के अनुसार अ‍ंधक राक्षस की गदा से भगवान शिव के सिर के चार खण्ड हो गये थे और उनमें से रुधिर बहने लगा। इसी रक्त धारा से पाँच भैरवों की उत्पत्ति हुई थी। तंत्र तथा पुराणों के अनुसार इनकी संख्या आठ कही जाती है, जिसकी उपासना तांत्रिक लोग अधिक करते हैं। यह भगवान शंकर का महा उग्ररूप है तथा इस रूप में भगवान शिव का तांडव नृत्य प्रसिद्ध है।[4]

External Links


  1. James Todd Annals/Index Vol III
  2. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.90
  3. आमाहठः कॊमठकः शवसनॊ मानवॊ वटः, भैरवॊ मुण्डवेदाङ्गः पिशङ्गश चॊद्र पारगः Mahabharata (1.52.15)
  4. भैरव - भारतकोश, ज्ञान का हिन्दी महासागर

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