Bhatinda

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Map of Bhatinda district

Bhatinda (Punjabi: ਭਟਿਂਡਾ, Hindi: भटिंडा) is a town in Punjab, India. It was founded by Bhati Jats. Its ancient name was Tabarhindah (तबरहिंद).

Founder

It is believed that in the 3rd century, Rao Bhatti established the towns of Bathinda and Bhatner in Lakhi Jungle. Rao Bhatti did his best to habilitate people from outside in this region. Later on there arose several conflicts between Bhattis, Brars and Rajputs for domination and ultimately the Brars succeeded in capturing the area of present Bhatinda District.[1]

Tahsils in Bhatinda district

Villages in Bhatinda Tahsil

Ablu, Akalia Kalan, Akalia Khurd, Amargarh, Ancorgarh Urf Machhana, Bahadargarh Jandian, Baho Jattri, Baho Sibian Patti Basawa Singh, Baho Sibian Patti Dharam Singh, Bajak, Bajoana, Balahar Mehma, Balahar Vinjhu, Baluana, Bandi, Bath, Bathinda (M Cl), Behman Dewana, Bhagu, Bhaini, Bhisiana (CT), Bhokhra, Bhucho Kalan, Bhucho Khurd, Bhucho Mandi (M Cl), Bibiwala, Bir Behman, Birtalab Urf Talab Neehar, Buladewala, Burj Dalla, Burj Kahan Singhwala, Burj Mehma, Chak Attar Singhwala, Chak Bakhtu, Chak Fateh Singhwala, Chak Kharak Singhwala Urf Doomwali, Chak Ram Singhwala, Chak Ruldu Singhwala , Chugha Khurd, Dan Singhwala, Deon, Dhan Singh Khana, Dhilwan, Dhunike, Faridkot, Ganga, Ganga Nathana, Gehri Buttar, Gehri Devi nagar, Ghudda, Ghugha Kalan, Giddar, Gill Patti, Gobindpura, Goniana (M Cl), Goniana Kalan, Goniana Khurd, Gulabgarh Urf Naiwala, Gurusar Sainewala, Har Raipur Urf Bhokhri, Jai Singhwala, Jandanwala, Janghi Rana, Jassi Bagwali, Jassi Pauwali, Jeeda, Jhumba, Jodhpur Romana, Joganand, Kalian Malka, Kalian Sadda, Kalian Sukha, Kaljha Rani, Karamgarh Sattran, Katar Singhwala, Khemuana, Khialiwala, Killi Nihal Singhwali, Kishanpura Urf Kutti, Kot Fatta (M Cl), Kot Guru, Kot Shamir, Kotli Sabo, Lehra Bega, Lehra Dhul Kot, Lehra Khana, Lehra Mohabat, Lehra Sondha, Lool Bai, Mari, Mehma Bhagwana, Mehma Sarja, Mehma Sarkari, Mehma Sawai, Mehna , Mehta, Mian, Muhlan, Multania, Nandgarh, Naruana, Nathana, Nathpura, Nehianwala, Pathrala, Phulo Mithi, Phus Mandi, Poohla, Poohli, Raike Kalan, Raike Khurd Urf Chak Dana, Rambiha, Sangat ,(M Cl) Sangat Kalan, Sardargarh, Seman, Sibian, Teona, Tungwali, Virk Kalan, Virk Khurd, Warkandi,

History

According to Ram Sarup Joon[2] Sidhu Brar belonged to the Bhati gotra. According to their history, their ancestors, having been ousted from Ghazni, had come to India in Yudhishthiri Samvat 3008. The leader was either Bhattrak, the founder of Bhati gotra, or his father. Bhatinda and Bhatner (Bhatnair) were named after him.

Prof. B.S. Dhillon[3] writes about Bhatinda: This town in Punjab is named after a Bhatti Rajput (son of king) or Jat clan. A Bhatti can either be a Rajput or a Jat according to historical sources, Rajputs, such as Bhattis, were once Jats anyhow. On the issue of Bhatinda town's name, Garrick [4] wrote, "That Bhatinda owes its name to the Bhatti race we have the authority of tradition. Bhatti-da-nagara, or "the Bhatti city" was, in all probability, the full form of this name, originally from Batti, the tribe, and "da", largely used in the province as the genitive particle in lieu of "sa" or "ka", of which it is merely a dialectric variation. Of the habit of omitting the final word "nagara" or "pura" (which means "town" or "city") and retaining the sign of the genitive case, numerous examples exist; indeed, the word is often pronounced by the people "Bhatida", seldom "Bhatinda" and never". For more details on this issue see Garrick [5] Col. Tod [6] said Bhatinda, "was anciently the chief abode of another Jat community , so powerful as at one time to provoke the vengeance of kings, and at others to succour them in distress".


According to Khalifa Muhammad Hassan, author of History of Patiala, the ancient name of the city was Bikramgarh. According to Ibn Battuta it was known as Batrind. It is generally believed that Bathinda was built by Bhati kings, who were the rulers of Punjab in 6th century AD. They called the city Whatinda or Bitunda after their surname which finally become known as Bhatinda. Bhatinda was changed to Bathinda to conform to the phonetical expression as locally pronounced. According to Henry George Raverty, Bathinda was known as Tabarhindah (Labb-ut-Twarikh). The earliest mention of Tabarhindah occurs in the "Jami-Ul-Hakayat" written about 607 Hijri or 1211 AD."[7]

According to Professor Dasharatha Sharma (1903–1976) it was one of the Towns and Villages of Chauhan Dominions by the name Tabarhindah (तबरहिंद) [8]

The city was under the rule of Hindu shahi king Jayapala in 965 AD. Emperor Jayapala was challenged by the armies of Sultan Sabuktigin and later by his son, Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. In 1004, Mahmud of Ghazni besieged the local fort, which was located on the route from the northwest into the rich Ganges valley. In 1189, Muhammad Ghori attacked and occupied the fort of Bathinda. Prithvi Raj Chauhan, the ruler of this region, managed to recover possession of the fort thirteen months later in 1191, after the first battle of Tarain.

After the death of Muhammad Ghori, Delhi Sultanate was established. The fourth Emperor - Iltutmish, on his death-bed nominated his daughter Raziya as his heiress. Raziya became the next and the first Empress of India and was known as Razia Sultan. Her childhood friend named Malik Altunia, the governor of Bathinda, joined a rebellion by other provincial governors who refused to accept Razia's authority. She was imprisoned at the Bathinda fort in April, 1240. She was released in August and later died in October 1240.

The city later came under the control of The Sidhu-Brars, who were thrown out of Bathinda during Lodhi's rule, but were restored to the area by Babur. A few years later, Roop Chand, a Sikh, came into the scene of Punjab history. Phul, the second son of Roop Chand, started the practice of langar (community kitchen) for the people in the Lakhi Jungle area.

The city of Bhatinda was also visited by the tenth sikh guru Guru Gobind Singh. He halted at the mausoleum of Haji Rattan, a celebrated Muslim saint, which was at a distance of two kilometers outside the city. He also visited and surveyed the strategic importance of the Bathinda Fort. In circa 1754, the town was conquered by Maharaja Ala Singh, the Maharaja of Patiala and since then it followed the history of erstwhile princely state of Patiala.

With the dawn of independence and merger of Patiala and East Punjab States into a division called PEPSU, Bathinda become a full fledged district with headquarters at Bathinda city.

Note - Detailed history is given in Mansa district which includes History of Bhatinda also.

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. B.B. Lal and S.P. Gupta. www.punjabrevenue.nic.in
  2. History of the Jats/Chapter XI,p.190
  3. History and study of the Jats/Chapter 7,p.15
  4. Garrick, H.B.W., (under the Superintendence of Gen. Sir A. Cunningham, Director-General of the Archeological Survey of India), Archaeological Survey of India Report of a Tour in the Punjab and Rajasthan in 1883-84, Vol. XXIII, reprinted by Indological Book House Antiquarian Booksellers & Publishers, Delhi, India, 1969, pp. 4-5.
  5. Garrick, H.B.W., (under the Superintendence of Gen. Sir A. Cunningham, Director-General of the Archeological Survey of India), Archaeological Survey of India Report of a Tour in the Punjab and Rajasthan in 1883-84, Vol. XXIII, reprinted by Indological Book House Antiquarian Booksellers & Publishers, Delhi, India, 1969, pp. 4-5.
  6. Tod, J. (Lt. Col.), Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Vol. II, reprinted by Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd., London, 1972, pp. 164-165, 138-139, 141, first published in 1832.
  7. jatts.com » Several Jat Clans | A Brief History of Various Jatt Clans - Author: Sunny Jatt
  8. Early Chauhān dynasties: by Dasharatha Sharma, Books treasure, Jodhpur. ISBN 0-8426-0618-1. S.No.227.

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