Bilheti

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Location of Bilheti in Gwalior District
Bilhati ki Garhi

Bilheti (बिल्हेटी) is a village in Gwalior tahsil and district in Madhya Pradesh.

Location

Bilheti is located at a distance of 20 km from Gwalior city in east direction on Gwalior-Chitaura Road. [1]

History

There is a small fort in Bilheti known as ‘Rana Ranjit Singh ki Garhi’. The fort was constructed by Gohad ruler Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana (1736-1758)[2]. The fort is situated on a hillock and surrounded by deep ditch to protect it. The fort has three tyre defence system. One can enter it through a small but very illusive entrance. As one enters after passage of a gallery there is a big gate which leads to the underground building which was probably used for defence in emergencies. Inside compound there is the palace. The palace is surrounded by a ditch. [3]

There is a Shiva temple inside the palace which shows that the Gohad Rana Rulers were the followers of Shiva.[4]

The defence strategy of the fort is exemplary. The fort could be conquered only in case of an internal conspiracy or the chieftain himself surrenders.[5]

At present there are only two jat families residing in the village. One is that of Thakur Babu Singh Rana and other is that of Thakur Lachchoo Singh.

रघुनाथराव का जाट गढियों पर आक्रमण 1766

रघुनाथराव ने गोहद के राणा छत्र सिंह से सीधी टक्कर न लेकर उसके राज्य की जाट गढियों पर आक्रमण करना प्रारम्भ कर दिय. रघुनाथराव ने भिलसा-गढी का घेरा डालकर आक्रमण किया. गढी में जाट सैनिक तीन दिन तक मराठा सेना का सामना करते रहे, अंत में गढी के जाट सरदार ने 300 जाट सैनिकों सहित रघुनाथराव की सेना के समक्ष आत्म-समर्पण कर दिया. 10 दिसम्बर 1766 के दिन रघुनाथराव की मराठा सेना ने आत्मसमर्पित 300 जाट सैनिकों की निर्मम हत्या कर दी, इसके बाद मराठा सेना जाटों की अन्य गढियों एवं गांवों को लूटने लगी. [6](Ojha,p.75)

राणा छत्रसिंह का मराठा गढियों पर प्रतिक्रियत्मेक आक्रमण

राणा छत्रसिंह ने मराठों द्वारा जाट गढियों पर हमले की तुरन्त प्रतिक्रिया दी. उसने गोहद राज्य के पास मराठों की जो गढियां थी, उन पर आक्रमण कर अपने अधिकार में ले लिया. मराठों की बहादुरपुरा, बडैरा, बिल्हाटी, पढावली आदि घधियों पर राणा छत्र सिंह का अधिकार हो गया. [7](Ojha,p.75)

Rana-Maratha treaty 2 November 1766

Though Rana Chhatra Singh defeated Marathas at Gohad on 2 November 1766, he still wished for treaty with Marathas for peace. Peace talks were started by Mahadji Sindhia and Nari Shankar from the side of Marathas with Chhatra Singh. Rana of Gohad agreed to pay Rs 11 lakh under the treaty out of which Rs. 2 lakh were to be paid in cash and rest in installments. [8] [9]

The 2 November 1766 defeat of Marathas by Jats enraged Raghunath Rao, who was always in search of opportunities to insult Rana of Gohad. The soldiers of Raghunath Rao seized the small fort of Bhilsa under Jats. After a fight for 2-3 days the Jat sardars in the 'Bhilsa garhi' surrendered before the Maratha soldiers. On 10 December 1766 the Maratha soldiers killed 300 Jat soldiers present in the garhi. In addition to this the Maratha soldiers also started destroying other garhis (forts) under Jats. [10] [11] [12]

The campaign of Marathas to occupy the Jat garhis compelled Rana Chhatra Singh to suppress Marathas. The Rana of Gohad re-occupied the garhis near Gohad, which were under Marathas. These include the forts at Badera, Bilhati, and Bahadurpur. He then moved to the ‘Padawli ki garhi’. [13] [14] These counter activities worried Raghunath Rao. He then requested Mahadji Sindhia to have a treaty of peace with Rana of Gohad. Mahadji Sindhia mediated for the implementation of treaty proposed after war of 2 November 1766. It got implemented on 2 January 1767. Under this treaty The Rana of Gohad paid Rs. 15 lakh to the Marathas. [15] [16]

After this treaty Raghunath Rao moved towards Karauli. [17]

References

  1. Albel Singh Rana :, “Garhi Bilheti”, Jat-Veer Smarika, Gwalior, 1992, p. 46
  2. Jaga-Jagannath Haselia, Village Dakhiya, Dist- Tonk, Rajasthan
  3. Albel Singh Rana :, “Garhi Bilheti”, Jat-Veer Smarika, Gwalior, 1992, p. 46
  4. Albel Singh Rana :, “Garhi Bilheti”, Jat-Veer Smarika, Gwalior, 1992, p. 46
  5. Albel Singh Rana :, “Garhi Bilheti”, Jat-Veer Smarika, Gwalior, 1992, p. 46
  6. Imperial Record Department- Peshwa Daftar New Serirs Part-3,p.104
  7. P M Joshi, Selection from Peshwa Dafter New Series Paet-3,p.104
  8. Persian Record of Maratha history, part-1, Delhi affairs, p.8
  9. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 34
  10. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 34
  11. Imperial Record Department: Persian Correspondence, part-2, Pub- Govt Central Press, Calcutta, 1914, pp. 5,6,7
  12. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 34
  13. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 35
  14. Dr P.M.Joshi: Selection from Peshwa Daftar, New Series, part-3, Pub- Govt Central press, Bombay, 1962, p. 104
  15. G.S.Sardesai: New History of the Marathas, part-2, Pub- K.B.Dhawle, Phonex publications, Bombay, p. 508
  16. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 35
  17. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 35

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