Budhwar

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Budhwar (बुधवार)[1][2] Budhvar (बुधवार)[3] Badhwar (बधवार) Bodh (बोध) Bodha (बोधा) is a clan or gotra of Jats found in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan. They had joined the Chauhan Confederacy. The Budhwar gotra is found among the Marathas and Khatris also.[4]

Origin

Budhwars are descendants of King Budha (बुधा), the direct progenitor of the Chandravansh.[5][6]

Mention by Panini

Bodha (बोध) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Shandikadi (शंडिकादि) (4.3.92) group.[7]


Bodha (बोध) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [8]

History

V. S. Agrawala[9] writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Bodha (बोधा) - The Bodha also occur in the list of Bhishmaparva (10.37-38) in the same group as Kulingas, Sālvas and Mādreyas. Shalva country had a special breed of bulls known as s Sālvaka.


Ram Swarup Joon[10] writes about Budhwar: It cannot be said definitely as to why they are called Budhwars. They claim to be Chandravanshi. The Budhwar gotra is found among the Marathas and Khatris also. Among the Jats there is a gotra called Budhotiya.

Budhwar kings are mentioned to have offered presents in the Rajsuya Yagya ceremony of the Pandavas. The descendants of the Budhwar gotra in the western Punjab are called Satroya, Badhan Chatra, Siyan, Gawaya, Goch and Mudyal.


Budhwar and Badhwar are the two names of the same gotras, People mistake Badhwars as Bhatodia, but they are Budhwars, mainly found in Sunari Kalan of Rohtak on the banks of Yamuna and frequently troubled by floods!![11]

According to Bhim Singh Dahiya[12], they are the Buddi of Babylonian inscription, the Budii of Herodotus, the Putiya of Persian and the Phut of scriptures.[13] They are mentioned in the Vayu Purana and Brahmanda Purana as well as by Patanjali.[14] They are the Bodhi of Sindh/Baluchistan of the 7/8th century AD. The present Budhwar Jats are their representative. Mahabharata's Sabha Parva[15] and Bhisma Parva[16] also mention them.

The Naga dynasty had its hold in the present Gwalior - Bhopal divisions of Madhya Pradesh from about beginning of third to the middle of fourth century AD. Their centres were at Padmavati (Pawaiya near Gwalior) and Kantipuri (Kutwār district Morena). Several thousand copper coins have been discovered at these sites and other sites. The successors of Satvahanas in the Tripuri region were Bodhis. Names of five Bodhi rulers are known from the recent excavations at Tripuri.[17]


Maharaja Budh was son of Maharaja Chandra. Chandravansh in Hindus started after Maharaja Chandra. Budhwars are descendent of Maharaja Budh.[18]

In Mahabharata

Bodha (बोध) is mentioned in Mahabharata (II.13.25), (VI.10.38)


Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 13 mentions the tribes who fled out of fear of Jarasandha. Bodha (बोध) is mentioned in Mahabharata verse (II.13.25).[19]...And, O exalted one, the eighteen tribes of the Bhojas, from fear of Jarasandha, have all fled towards the west; so also have the Surasenas, the Bhadrakas, the Vodhas, the Salwas, the Patachcharas, the Susthalas, the Mukuttas, and the Kulindas, along with the Kuntis.


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 describes the geography and provinces of Bharatavarsha. Bodha (बोध) is mentioned in Mahabharata verse (VI.10.38). [20]...the Shurasena, the Kalingas, the Bodhas, the Mokas, the Matsyas, Sukatyas, the Saubalyas, the Kuntalas, the Kashi-Koshalas, ....

One of six Mede (Manda) tribes in Herodotus

Budhwar is one of six Mede Manda tribes described by Herodotus as Buddi. Herodotus, i. 101, lists the names of six Mede (Manda) tribes: Thus Deioces collected the Medes (Manda) into a nation, and ruled over them alone. Now these are the tribes of which they consist: the Busae, the Paretaceni, the Struchates, the Arizanti (Aryan Jats), the Budii (Budhwar), and the Magi (Manju).[21]

Here in the above description Jat gotras have been given in the bracket which may be matched with those given by Herodotus. It may be a matter of further research if Budila gotra of Jats is related with Buddi of Herodotus. Some historical facts do suggest that Budhwar Jats may had about one or two small kingdoms in Babilon and Persia.

In the History of Herodotus

Bhim Singh Dahiya[22] writes that the in the period from ninth century B.C. to the fourth century B.C., roughly the time between the Manda and Van empires and Alexander's invasion, we find numerous tribes of the Jats finding a name in the history of Herodotus and others. Among the tribes of the Medians, we find:

The ruling people are called Arizanti or Arizatoi. The word Ari is a form of Arya and Zanti/Zatoi are of course the Jats, the Djati of ancient Egypt and the Guti of Sumer and China.

इतिहास

दलीप सिंह अहलावत लिखते हैं: - महाराजा चन्द्र (जिनसे चन्द्रवंश प्रचलित हुआ) के पुत्र महाराजा बुध के नाम पर यह जाटवंश चला। इस वंश का कोई राज्य का इतिहास नहीं मिलता। किन्तु इनके प्राचीन एवं कुलीन (अच्छा खानदान) होने को सभी ऐतिहासिक प्रमाणित करते हैं। इनमें प्रचलित विश्वास एवं रीति-नीति प्राचीन वैदिकधर्मियों के पूर्णतया अनुकूल है। बेबिलोनिया के शिलालेख पर इनका नाम बुदी लिखा है। इनको फारसवालों ने पूतिया कहा और धर्मपुस्तक बाईबिल में फूत लिखा है।[23] बुधवार वंश का नाम पुराणों एवं महाभारत सभापर्व और भीष्मपर्व में भी लिखा है।

सातवीं व आठवीं सदी में ये लोग सिन्ध और बलोचिस्तान में थे और वहां बोधी के नाम से कहे गये हैं। बुधवार गोत्र के जाट राजस्थान और पंजाब में भी हैं। इस वंश के जाट व खत्री बराबर की संख्या में हैं। बिजनौर (उ०प्र०) जिले में इस्माईलपुर, नारायण खेड़ी और रोहतक जिला (हरयाणा) के सुनारियां गांव में बुधवार जाटों की आधुनिक उन्नति उल्लेखनीय है। बुधवार गोत्र के जाटों का एक और भी गांव सुनारियां नाम का है जो कि पिपली के निकट जिला कुरुक्षेत्र (हरयाणा) में है।[24]

जब इस बुधवार वंश (गोत्र) का नाम बेबिलोनिया के शिलालेख पर है तथा हैरोडोटस (यूनानी इतिहासकार जो 480 ई० पू० हुआ) और फारस (ईरान) वालों ने, लिखा है तब साफ है कि इनका राज्य वहां पर था।[25]

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Bijnor district

Himpur, Ismailpur, Narainkheda,

Villages in Hapur district

Gandhu Nagla], Sehal,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Kurukshetra district

Buhavi, Chaduni Jattan, Guhun, Sunarian,

Villages in Rohtak district

Sunari Kalan,

Villages in Sonipat district

Tharu Uldepur,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal, Jabalpur

Distribution in Rajasthan state

Locations in Jaipur city

Officers Campus,

Notable persons from this gotra

  • Fateh Chand Badhwar - Padma Bhushan 1955, Punjab, Civil Service
  • Brig. Kartar Singh Budhwar (Retd.) - Director, Sainik Welfare, Haryana
  • Brig Charan Singh (Retd) - Veteran of 1965 INDO PAK War, in which he lost his right lower limb.
  • Ch. Lala Ram Budhwar - He was an esteemed politician from Sunarian of Kurukshetra district
  • Mr. Rajbir Singh Budhwar - Govt. Service XEN (Construction) Northern Railway Railways, XEN(Construction), Tilak Bridge, New Delhi. Village + PO - Sunari Kalan, Dhalijpana Dist.- Rohtak (Haryana), 01262-269084, 9416142211. nitin.budhwar@gmail.com, NCR (PP-670)

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ब-46
  2. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.237, s.n.32
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.52, s.n. 1799
  4. Ram Swarup Joon| History of the Jats/Chapter V,p.76
  5. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats. Jaitly Painting [sic] Press, foreword, 1968
  6. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 267
  7. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.511
  8. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.58
  9. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.58
  10. Ram Swarup Joon| History of the Jats/Chapter V,p.76
  11. Jat Samaj: Agra, April 2000
  12. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 248
  13. Genesis, X, 36
  14. Mahabhashya, 4/1/70
  15. Sabha Parva, XIII,590
  16. Bhisma Parva, IX, 347
  17. K D Bajpai, Indian Numismatic studies, p. 16
  18. Jat Samaj: Agra, April 2000
  19. शूरसेना भद्र कारा बॊधाः शाल्वाः पतच चराः, सुस्थलाश च सुकुट्टाश च कुणिन्थाः कुन्तिभिः सह (II.13.25)
  20. शूरसेनाः कलिङ्गाशबॊधा मौकास तदैव च | मत्स्याः सुकुट्यः सौबल्याः कुन्तलाः काशिकॊशलाः(VI.10.38)
  21. Six Mede tribes in Herodotus on Wikipedia
  22. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/The Antiquity of the Jats,p.300-301
  23. Genesis X 36
  24. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III,p. 183
  25. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III, p. 184

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