Capture of Gwalior Fort

From Jatland Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Capture of Gwalior Fort took place thrice in the history in 1740, 1761 and 1780 by Gohad Jat Rulers.

Capture of Gwalior Fort by Jats

Following the decline of the Mughal Empire, the fort was usurped by Gohad dynasty by a Jat Rana King. [1] Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana increased his power and was planning to expand his territories. He marched to Malwa in 1736 but came back and targeted the Gwalior Fort. Marathas were also in race to win the Gwalior Fort. The weak and easy-going Mughal satrap Alikhan, looking to the power of Jats, surrendered the fort to Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana. Meanwhile there was a severe fight between Marathas and Jats to win the Gwalior Fort but Jats won and the Gwalior fort came under Jats. Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana occupied the Gwalior fort from 1740-1756.[2]

In 1756 Marathas attacked the Gwalior Fort under the leadership of Mahadji Sheetole, Yammaji Rahalkar and Motiram Bani with a huge army. Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana was wounded and died in war on Chaitra sudi nawami (Ram nawami) in 1756. [3]

The Jat rulers Maharaja Bhim Singh Rana (1707–1756) and Maharaja Chhatar Singh Rana (1757–1782) occupied the Gwalior Fort thrice:


  1. Thorton p. 68-69
  2. Dr Natthan Singh (2004) : Jat-Itihas, Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad, Gwalior,p.359
  3. Dr Natthan Singh (2004) : Jat-Itihas, Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad, Gwalior,p.359
  4. Dr Natthan Singh (2004) : Jat-Itihas, p. 359
  5. An Historical Sketch of the Native States of India’, by Col. G B Malleson. Facsimile reprint published by The Acadamic Press, Gurgaon, 1984.
  6. V.S.Krishnan:Madhya Pradesh District Gazetteer, Gwalior
  7. ‘Gohad ke jaton ka Itihas’, Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri, Nav Sahitya Bhawan. (New Delhi, Delhi. 1985), p. 29
  8. Dr Natthan Singh (2004) : Jat-Itihas, p. 360
  9. An historical sketch of the native states of India/Gwalior, by Col. Malleson, p. 143

Back to Jat Wars