Chalka

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Chalka (चल्का) Chilka (चिल्का) Chilka (चिलका)[1] Chilkha (चिल्लखा) Chillkha (चिल्लखा)[2] is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan and Haryana. Chaki, Chalaki or Chalak clan is found in Afghanistan.[3]

Origin

Originally it was "Chalka", gradually it became "Chilka". [4] Literally it means reflection of sunlight.

Chilka Lake is a lake in Puri district Orissa.

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 describes geography and provinces of Bharatavarsha. In this chapter of Mahabharata (VI.10.19) Chuluka (चुलुका) is mentioned as a River. [5]

There is need of further rigorous research to find out if these ancient names have any relation with Chilka Gotra of Jat clan.

In Mahabharata

In the Mahabharata the Sakas are stated to have constituted along with Chulikas, Tusharas and Yavanas, the right wing of the Krauncavyuha formed by Bhisma on the sixth day of the battle.

तुषारा यावनाश्चैव शकाश्च सह चूलिकै । दक्षिणं पक्षमाश्रित्य स्थिता व्यूहस्य भारत ।। (Mahabharata, VI.75.21)


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 Describes geography and provinces of Bharatavarsha. Chuluka is name of a River.

शतावरीं पयॊष्णीं च परां भैमरदीं तदा
कावेरीं चुलुकां चापि वापीं शतबलाम अपि (Mahabharata:VI.10.19)

History

According to H. W. Bellew Chaki and Chalaki are apparently the same, and represent the Chaluk or Solanki Agnikula Rajput. [6]

Bhim Singh Dahiya written about the Solgi/ Solanki/ Sulika / Chulika clan. According to him they are mentioned in the Puranas as Sulikas and Chulikas. The Matsya Purana says that they were the people through whose country flowed the river Chakhsu. [7] According to Buddha Prakash, the word Chulika is Variant of Sulika, which represents the Chinese Suli. [8] The Markandeya Purana Mentions them as two different people, both in the north. [9] [10]


In the sixth century A.D. the Sulikas are mentioned in the Haraha inscription of Isanavarman Maukhari, who is supposed to have defeated them. Dr. Roy Chaudhuri, suggests that the Sulikas should be identified with the Chalukyas who are mentioned in the Mahakuta Pillar Inscription [11] [12]


Thus the Solanki and the Chalukas of the later period are the same. The original word may be Sulik which was found similar to Chulik, meaning the palm, by the Brahman Priest at the Mount Abu fire sacrifice. Therefore, it was given out that the Chalukyas were born from the Palm (Chuluk) of Brahma. A grant of a Dharasen II of Vallabhi, mentions the Saulkikas, along with Pratisarakas, and Churoddharanikas. The last two words may be the forerunners of Pratihara and Chaudhari (Two titles) respectively. This inscription edited By J.F. Fleet is dated in the 252 of Gupta era. (?) [13] Upendar Thakur, rightly identifies them with the Hunas of whom they were a part . [14] The people called Chulik are still found in Central Asia. [15]

In Hathigumpha inscriptions on Udayagiri caves

We find mention of this clan in the minor inscriptions at Hathigumpha inscriptions on Udayagiri Caves at Bhubaneswar in Orissa. These are as follows[16]:

IV-Inscriptions in the sarpagumpha (Over the door way)

This inscription consisting of one line, is incised over the doorway of the sarpagumpha.

चूलकमस कोठाजेया च

Translation - The chamber and veranda/or side chamber of cūlakama. However Dr. Sahu interpreted Ajeya being united by a Sandhi qualifying Koṭha there by denoting invincible. but he ignored the conjunction ca which follows Koṭha and Jeya.

V-Inscription in the sarpagumpha ( to the left of the doorway)

L.1- कंमस हलखि

L.2- णय च पसादो

Translation :- [The pavilion is the] gift of Kamma and Halakhina. Most probably Halakhiṇa was the wife of Kamma. Chūlakamma- found in the inscription No. IV and Kamma of this record indicate official designations rather than the proper names. Kamma may be taken as minister of works (Karma saciva) and Cūlakamma appears to be a junior cadre of minister in the Department of works.

VI-Haridas cave inscription

This inscription contains one line has been incised over one of the three entrances to the main chamber of the cave from the veranda.

चूलकमस पसातो कोठाजेया च

Translation :- The chamber and veranda (or side chamber) are the gift of cūlakama.

In Bharhut Inscriptions

Chulakoko Devta - Chulakoko Devta mentioned In Bharhut Inscriptions on southern gateway is shown standing on elephant catching a branch of tree with one hand. The name of donar inscribed is Dharma Gupta. [17] It is probably connected with Chalka gotra of Jats.

Dadhimati Temple Inscription

In the Dadhimati Temple Inscription of year 608 AD at Goth Manglod in Nagaur district we get names of donors for this temple. At S.No. 13. the name is Achilakade(va) s/o Nimbaditya. This shows their presence in this period in Nagaur district in Rajasthan.

Villages founded by Chalka clan

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Barmer district

Aakli, Adel Panji, Band, Chalkana,

Villages in Sikar district

Khinwasar,

Villages in Jalore district

Mirpur Kheda, Gundau Meerpura

Villages in Churu district

Bhukaredi

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Sirsa district

Ali Mohammad,

Places named Chilka

Notable persons

  • Dr. Mahendra Kumar Chalka - Assistant Manager SHRIRAM FERT. & CHEMICALS , Date of Birth : 1-July-1976, VPO- Khinwasar, via - Bidasar, tah.- Laxmangarh, dist.-Sikar, Raj. Ph 01573-293086, Present Address : 301,Mahima Heritage, B-10, Central Spine ,Vidhadhar Nagar, Jaipur. Phone : 0141 - 2230343, Mob: 9413346185, Email: kchalka@rediffmail.com
  • Omprakash Chalka - Principal School Education, Date of Birth : 1-September-1955, Village: Khinwasar, Post: Bidasar,Teh.: -Lachhmangarh, Distt. - Sikar, Rajasthan, Present Address : O P Chalka c/o Chandra Singh, Janta Colony ,Nawalgarh Road, Sikar, Phone Number : 01572-249072, Mob: 9413011244, Email: snchalka@yahoo.co.in
  • Sant Kumar Chalka - Gen. Manager TATA Telecom., Date of Birth : 1-September-1971, Village: Khinwasar,Post: Bidasar,Teh.: -Lachhmangarh, Distt. - Sikar, Rajasthan, Present Address : G-1, Kaushlya Apartments, Scheme No.8, Gandhi Path, Vaishali Nagar, Jaipur, Mob: 9225609586
  • Jaipal Singh Chalka - Shaheed Jaipal Singh Chalka from Chalka Ki Dhani (Khinwasar) village in tahsil Lakshmangarh of Sikar district, Rajasthan. He became martyr on 22 July 1999 in Kargil War.

See also

External links

References

  1. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.300
  2. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.300
  3. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, The Oriental University Institute, Woking, 1891, p.13,117,126,158
  4. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 p.243
  5. शतावरीं पयॊष्णीं च परां भैमरदीं तदा | कावेरीं चुलुकां चापि वापीं शतबलाम अपि Mahabharata (VI.10.19)
  6. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, The Oriental University Institute, Woking, 1891 p.14
  7. Chapter XX 45-46
  8. Studies in Indian History and Civilization by Buddha Prakash, p. 258
  9. Quoted by. B.C. Law, op, cit.,p.384
  10. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, 1980, p. 270-271
  11. 163-ibid
  12. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, 1980, p. 271
  13. Indian Antiquary, January 1886, p. 187
  14. The Hunas in India, pp. 191-194
  15. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, 1980, p. 271
  16. Sadananda Agrawal: Śrī Khāravela, Published by Sri Digambar Jain Samaj, Cuttack, 2000 pp. 81-83
  17. Harihar Prasad Tewari, Bharhut Stoopa Gatha (Hindi), Ed. Ramnarayan Singh Rana, Satna, 2007, pp. 130

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