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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Shymkent , formerly known as Chimkent until 1993, is the capital city of South Kazakhstan Province, the most populated region in Kazakhstan.


Shymkent was founded in the 12th century[1] as a caravanserai to protect the Silk Road town of Sayram, 10 km to the east. Shymkent grew as a market center for trade between Turkic nomads and the settled Sogdians. It was destroyed several times: by Genghis Khan, soldiers from the southern Khanates, and by nomad attacks. Once part of the Khanate of Kokand, it became part of the Emirate of Bukhara.

Notable persons

External links


  1. Peoples of central Asia. By Lawrence Krader. Published by Indiana University, 1971

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