Chatgaon

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Chatgaon (चटगाँव) is a major coastal city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh.

Location

The Chatgaon city is located on the banks of the Karnaphuli River between the Chittagong Hill Tracts and the Bay of Bengal.

Variants

Etymology

The etymology of Chittagong is uncertain.[1] One explanation credits the first Arab traders for shatt ghangh (Arabic: شط غنغ‎) where shatt means "delta" and ghangh stood for the Ganges.[2][3][4] The Burmese tradition is that an Arakanese king, invading in the 9th century, gave the city the name Tsit-ta-gung (to make war is improper).[5]

The local name of the city (in Bengali or Chittagonian) Chatga (Bengali: চাটগা), which is a corruption of Chatgao (Bengali: চাটগাঁও) or Chatigao (Bengali: চাটিগাঁও), and officially Chottogram (Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম) bears the meaning of "village or town of Chatta (possibly a tribe)."

The port city has been known by various names in history, including Chatigaon, Chatigam, Chattagrama, Islamabad, Chattala, Chaityabhumi and Porto Grande De Bengala.

In April 2018, the Bangladesh government decided that the English spelling would change from Chittagong to Chattogram to make the name sound similar to the Bangla spelling.[6]

Jat clans

History

चटगाँव

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[7] ने लेख किया है ...चटगांव (AS, p.326) अथवा 'चाटगांव' (बांग्लादेश) में स्थित है। एक स्थानीय किंवदंती के अनुसार यह माना जाता है कि इस नगर का प्राचीन नाम 'टिस्टागौंग' था, जो कालांतर में बिगड़कर 'चिट्टागौंग' या 'चटगांव' हो गया। यह माना जाता है कि बर्मा (वर्तमान म्यांमार) के बौद्ध राजा ने जब इस स्थान को जीता तो उसने 'टिस्टागौंग' शब्द कहे थे, जिनका अर्थ है- "लड़ाई करना बुरा है।" चटगांव में पुराना बंदरगाह तो है ही, इसके साथ-साथ कई प्राचीन मंदिर व मसजिदें भी हैं।

External links

References

  1. O'Malley, L.S.S. (1908). Chittagong. Eastern Bengal District Gazetteers. 11A. Calcutta: The Bengal Secretariat Book Depot. p. 1
  2. O'Malley, L.S.S. (1908). Chittagong. Eastern Bengal District Gazetteers. 11A. Calcutta: The Bengal Secretariat Book Depot. p. 1
  3. Osmany, Shireen Hasan (2012). "Chittagong City". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. Bernoulli, Jean; Rennell, James; Anquetil-Duperron, M.; Tieffenthaller, Joseph (1786). Description historique et géographique de l'Inde (in French). 2. Berlin: C. S. Spener. p. 408.
  5. O'Malley, L.S.S. (1908). Chittagong. Eastern Bengal District Gazetteers. 11A. Calcutta: The Bengal Secretariat Book Depot. p. 1.
  6. "Bangladesh changes English spellings of five districts".
  7. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.326