Dadhichi

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Rishi Dadhichi

Dadhichi (दधीचि) or Dadhicha (दधीच) rishi is considered to be the epi-person of all Dahiyas. Dahiyas are said to be the descendants of Rishi Dadhichi ऋषि दधीचि, who gave his bones to the Gods (to make weapons with to fight the demons) in the Dev-asur Sangram. Dadhichi is also the originator of Dadhichi Brahmans and many other Jat clans.

Sons of Dadhichi

Dadhichi family tree

According to puranic legend Dabas are the descendants of Maharishi Dadhichi the great king of Sindh in Vedic period. He had four sons namely Dahiya, Davyas (Dabas), Kundu and Hooda. Dadhichi an emperor turned Maharishi died at the age of 100 years while fighting to non-Aryan tribes. In the battle his four sons fought with utmost bravery and annihilated the non-Aryans. The author of the epic goes on to state that Dahiya, Dabas, Kundu and Hooda lived together up to the times of Mahabharata in the form of groups like Shoorasena, Vrishni and Bhoja in Ujjain, Avantika, Sambhal, Indraprastha, Rajasthan and other parts of Northern India up to 7th Century AD.

Pippalada (Eater of the pippala or Ficus religiosa) is an ancient teacher of the Atharva-Veda, and also a school of magic alleged to have been founded by him. He is son of sage Dadhichi. He is famous for prasna upnisada , where he answers his pupils queries. He is famous for making afraid Indra and other gods, as a child by the boon of Lord Shiva. As pippalada brought under the pipal tree after his parents died ,no body was to name him, his name was known with the pippal.The mystical significance refers to this tree's association with initiation or nirvanic attainment; it was under a pippala that Gautama Buddha is said to have attained nirvana, as well as buddhahood.

Dadhimati: Sister of Dadhichi

Dadhimati Temple Goth-Manglod

Main article: Dadhimati Temple

Dadhimati is said to be the sister of sage Dadhichi and born due to churning of sky. Dadhimati Temple of goddess Dadhimati is located in and surrounded by villages Goth-Manglod in Nagaur district of Rajasthan. It is one of the oldest surviving temples in northern India. Archaeologically, it was built in the 4th century AD and is of the Gupta era, visited by Prof. Bhandarkar. Dadhimati is Avtar Of Goddess Lamxi. The temple has the oldest depictions of 'Devi mahamatya' even older than Mahalaxmi temple of Kolhapur, Maharastra. It has a depiction of Valimiki Ramayana in interiors. It is a Historical Place of Rajasthan. It is One Shaktipitha out of 52 shaktipithas.

Mantra for Devi Hinglaj by Dadhichi

The mantra or incantation for Devi Hinglaj is attributed to Saint Dadhichi, an important saint in Hindu mythology. The mantra is :

ॐ हिंगले परम हिंगले अमृतरुपिनी तनु शक्ति मनः शिवे श्री हिंगलै नमः स्वाहा
om hingule param hingule amrutrupini tanu shakti manah shive shree hingulai namah swaha

Translation : "Oh Hingula Devi, she who holds nectar in her self and is power incarnate. She who is one with Lord Shiva, to her we pay our respects and make this offering (swaha)"

Kinsariya inscription

An inscription of year 21 April 999 AD, in the temple of Kevay Goddess, at village Kinsaria (किनसरिया) in Parbatsar tahsil district Nagaur shows that Dahiyas menioned in the Nagaur district ruling dynasty have originated from king Dadhichi.

Chronology of the rulers of Dahiya clan in Nagaur region

The chronology of the rulers of Dahiya clan is as under: • Dadhichi (दधिची) , • Vimal Raja (विमल राजा) , • Sivar (सिवर) , • Kulkhat (कुलखत) , • Atar (अतर) , • Ajayvah (अजयवाह) , • Vijayvah (विजयवाह), • Susal (सुसल) , • Shalivahan (शालिवाहन) , • Narwad (नरवाड़) , • Choohad (चूहड़) , • Deoraj (देवराज) , • Gunrang (गुणरंग) , • Kadavarao (कड़वाराव) , • Kirti Singh (कीर्ति सिंह) , • Bairi Singh (बैरी सिंह) , • Chachcha Rana (चच्चा राणा) .

Jat Gotras Originated from Dadhichi

Partial List of Jat clans derived from Dadhichi Family Tree:

  • Dahiya, Karwasra, Karwa, and Bhagasra Jat gotras have common ancestors and are considered as brothers and marriages are not allowed among each of these gotras.
  • Siwar (सीवर) gotra originated from Raja Sivar (सिवर), the descendants of Rishi Dadhicha (दधीच). [1]
  • Kuharia (कुहाड़िया) gotra started after Raja Kulkhat (कुलखत). [2]
  • Sismal (सीसमाल) gotra originated from Maharaja Susal (सुसल). [3]
  • Chuhad (चू्हड़) gotra of Jats started after Maharaja Chuhad, descendand of Dadhichi.
  • Ruhela (रुहेला) Rohela (रोहेला) Rulia (रूलिया) Ruhal (रुहल) Ruhil (रुहिल) gotra originated from Maharaja Roha (रोह), the descendant of Dadhicha (दधीच). [4]
  • Bhare (भरे) Bharaiya (भरैया) gotra started from their ancestral Maharaja named Bharah (भरह), who was descendant of Dadhichi. [5]
  • Deg (देग) Degda (देगड़ा) Degra (देगड़ा) gotra gets name from Maharaja Der (देड़), descendant of rishi Dadhicha. [6]
  • Berwal - The descendants of Maharaja Beri Singh were called Berwal.[7]

References

  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p.282
  2. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 230
  3. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p.283
  4. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 278
  5. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 p. 272
  6. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 254
  7. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 p. 267

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