Dahima

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Dahima (दाहिमा)[1]/Dahima (दहिमा)[2] [3] Dahima (डाहिमा)/(डहिमा)[4] Dahi[5] (डाही)[6] Daai is a gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Dahi/Dahima/Daai clan is found in Afghanistan.[7]

Origin

This gotra is said to have started after place named Dahama (डाहमा). The people of the country, around Dadhimati Temple, were known as Dahima. [8]


History

According to Bhim Singh Dahiya, They are closely connected with the Dahiya clan and both are mentioned together. In Rajasthan they are mostly Rajputs. They are one of the thirty six royal races of India, along with the Bains, Salar, etc [9]

Muhammad Ghori (1173-1205) attacked India and faced Prithvi Raj Chauhan at Tarain, near Delhi. Jats fought along with Rajputs. Prithvi Raj's commander-in-chief was Chand Ram, a Dahima Jat. Ghori was defeated and wounded and his troops were looted by Jats while retreating.

Hawa Singh Sangwan [10] writes that the book 'Extract from Distt. and States Gazetteer of Punjab Pakistan: Vol.II', Research Society of Pakistan, University of Punjab, Lahore gives list of Jat Gotras of Pakistan. It writes that Shekh Jalal Dahima Gotra Jat rebelled against Akbar. Shadul Khan Jat of Dahima Gotra was Prime Minister of Shahjahan. The famous revolutionary Shaheed Banta Singh was also of Dahima Gotra.

H. W. Bellew writes about some Jat clans in Afghanistan that the Daai are the Dahi of Dahistan, or Hazarah, in Afghanistan. The Mardoi are now included with the Dahi, as the Dahi Mardah and occupy exactly the position assigned to them by Strabo.[11]

James Todd on Dahima

James Tod[12] writes that The warriors assembled under Visaladeva Chauhan against the Islam invader included the ruler Dahima. The renowned Dahima was lord of Bayana ; also called Druinadhar.

James Todd[13] writes that Dahima has left but the wreck of a great name. Seven centuries have swept away all recollection of a tribe who once afforded one of the proudest themes for the song of the bard. The Dahima was the lord of Bayana, and one of the most powerful vassals of the Chauhan emperor, Prithwiraja. Three brothers of this house held the highest offices under this monarch, and the period during which the elder, Kaimas, was his minister, was the brightest in the history of the Chauhan : but he fell a victim to a blind jealousy. Pundir, the second brother [120], commanded the frontier at Lahore. The third, Chawand Rae, was the principal leader in the last battle, where Prithwiraja fell, with the whole of his chivalry, on the banks of the Ghaggar. Even the historians of Shihabu-d-din have preserved the name of the gallant Dahima, Chawand Rae, whom they style Khandirai ; and to whose valour, they relate, Shihabu-d-din himself nearly fell a sacrifice. With the Chauhan, the race seems to have been extinguished. Rainsi, his only son, was by this sister of Chawand Rae, but he did not survive the capture of Delhi. This marriage forms the subject of one of the books of the bard, who never was more eloquent than in the praise of the Dahima.

Chand, the bard, thus describes Bayana, and the marriage of Prithwiraja with the Dahimi : "On the summit of the hills of Druinadahar, whose awful load oppressed the head of Sheshnag, was placed the castle of Bayana, resembling Kailas. The Dahima had three sons and two fair daughters : may his name be perpetuated throughout this iron age ! One daughter was married to the Lord of Mewat, the other to the Chauhan. With her he gave in dower eight beauteous damsels and sixty-three female slaves, one hundred chosen horses of the breed of Irak, two elephants, and ten shields, a pallet of silver for the bride, one hundred wooden images, one hundred chariots, and one thousand pieces of gold." The bard, on taking leave, says : " the Dahima lavished his gold, and filled his coffers with the praises of mankind. The Dahimi produced a jewel, a gem without price, the Prince Rainsi."

The author here gives a fragment of the ruins of Bayana, the ancient abode of the Dahima.


Dahiya/Dahima - Dahimas were very important in darbar of Prithviraj Chauhan. Kaimas Dahiya was chief minister of Prithviraj Chauhan during his childhood. He was a big jagirdar and Bayana Fort was in his Jagir. Another Dahima samant was Chamundarai, whose sister was married to Prithviraj Chauhan. He was a great warrior and chief senapati of Prithviraj Chauhan. He was killed in last war with Gauri. Chamunda's son was also a samanta. Jatu near Agra was in his Jagir. Other Dahima samantas were Rooprai and Jangalirai. (Devi Singh Mandawa,p.128)

Dahiya (Dahima) of Parbatsar - In an inscription year v.s. 1056 (999 AD) found in Kevay Mata temple in village Kinsariya in Marwar region Dahimas have been recorded as descendents of rishi Dadhichi. Chachcha Rana had got constructed this temple here. Chachcha Rana's son Udharan was a great warrior and Parbatsar and Maroth were in his Jagir. His son was Vilhan jagirdar of Maroth. One of the queens of Prithviraj Chauhan was Dahiyani. (Devi Singh Mandawa,p.131)

Distribution

The Dahima Jats are now settled in Khekara and nearby villages of Meerut district Uttar Pradesh[14].

Notable persons from this clan

References


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