Rajatarangini tells us that There was one Dallaka, the Daishika who was a great jester and favorite of the king. This was the man through whom Bhoja king of Malava built a golden tank, and it was through him that he fulfilled his resolution to wash his face always with the waters from the shrine of Papasudana. He too robbed the people. He used to prepare betels with perfumes, and the king gave him almost all his riches. The king, for the further payment of this man's dues, mortgaged to him, ................ rich as he was now, the throne and crown marked with the design of peacock's tail. Every month these things were brought from the betel man's house on the day of worship. At last the king stopped these excesses by giving charge of his treasury to bis queen Suyyamati. The fear caused by the grooms and Dallaka subsided at once, and the kingdom once more enjoyed peace.
Expulsion of the Dalazak tribe
The Kapur tribe in Afghanistan has given their name to the village of Kapurdagarhi, or Fort of Kapur, in Yusufzi. It is the same place as the Langar Kot mentioned in the Afghan histories as the stronghold of the Dalazak tribe at the time they were conquered and driven across the Indus by the Mandanr and Yusuf. 
H. W. Bellew writes that... According to their own accounts the Yusufzi came into their present settlements in the Peshawar valley about the middle of the fifteenth century, during the reign of Mirza Uluqh Beg, who was king of Kabul and Ghazni, and the grandson of Amir Tymur (Tamerlane of European writers), and paternal uncle of the Emperor Babar, founder of the Mughal dynasty of India.
Prior to this migration, they dwelt in the Ghwara Margha, or "fat pasture" district, at the sources of the Arghasan river, a southern tributary of the Tarnak. In consequence of a dispute about pasture with the Tarin tribe, occupying the Lower Arghasan and Kadani districts, they migrated thence to Kabul ; where, meeting with other migrating tribes, named Mahmand, Khalil, and Daudzi, collectively styled Ghorya-Khel, or Ghori, they joined with them and took to plundering the roads and vexing the country. Their depredations became so intolerable that Ulugh Beg sent a force to chastise them, and they were driven out of the Kabul district towards Jalalabad. Here they formed an alliance with the Khugiani tribe, inhabiting the north slopes and skirt of the Sufed Koh, and with their aid moved forwards towards the Indus. The Yusufzi, under the lead of their chief, or Malik, named Khan Kajoh or Kachu, passed over the Khybar hills, into the Peshawar district, where they were granted a strip of land along the hill skirts as a residence. But quarrelling with the Dalazak occupants about the use of a water-course there, they broke into war with them, and after a succession of hostilities, drove them across the Kabul and Swat rivers into the Sama. Here the Dalazak rallied at their capital, called indifferently Kot Kapura, Langar Kot, Kapurdagarhi, and Garhi Kapur (or " Fortress of the Kapur," or Kapol, the name of a mercantile Rajput tribe), and renewed hostilities against the Yusufzi, who had passed the Swat river into the Sama. Their efforts were unavailing, and the victorious Yusufzi, driving the Dalazak across the Indus into Chach Hazarah, took possession of the Sama.
The unfortunate Dalazak, about a century later (1644-7 A.D.), in consequence of their turbulence and the disorders they created in Chach, were almost exterminated by the Emperor Jahangir, who deported the remnant of the tribe bodily into Hindustan and Dakhan, in which parts they are now lost in the mass of the
[page-73]: population. Of those who escaped this deportation, scattered families and small communities are still found in various parts of the Peshawar and Rawalpindi districts, and small sections of Dalazak are also found in several clans of the Isapzi in the hills of Boner. But the Dalazak, said to have been an extremely numerous and powerful people formerly in Peshawar, have altogether disappeared, as a territorial tribe, from these parts, where their place has been taken by the Yusuf and Mandanr, and their confederate invaders above named.
After the expulsion of the Dalazak, the Yusuf and Mandanr took possession of the Sama, and during the next twelve years gradually made themselves masters of Swat. In the meantime the Mahmand and other Ghorya-Khel, together with the Khugiani who had joined them in this invasion, took possession of the tracts about Peshawar, which now bear their names ; whilst another and larger body of Mahmand took possession of the hill tracts, now called after them, which lies between the Kabul and Swat rivers, an intermediate range between the Khybar and Swat hills.
At this period the Sama of Yusufzi was a wild pasture tract, covered with stunted jungle, thinly peopled, and dotted all over with mounds of bare earth, concealing the ruins of former towns and villages, said to have been destroyed by Mahmud of Ghazni. Its chief place was the fortified town of Langar Kot, above mentioned, where the Dalazak made their last stand and the Yusufzi gained their decisive victory.
Distribution in Rajasthan
Villages in Churu District
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ड-52
- O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.42,s.n. 1040
- An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.30,76
- An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.76,109,111
- Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book VII,p.182
- An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, p.30
- H. W. Bellew:An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, 1891, p.72-73
- Ganesh Berwal: 'Jan Jagaran Ke Jan Nayak Kamred Mohar Singh', 2016, ISBN 978.81.926510.7.1, p.168
Back to Jat Gotras