|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)|
Origin of name
Daratpura (दरतपुर) was City of Darads mentioned in Rajatarangini: Book VII (p.195, 237); Book VIII (p.98); Identification: It is situated probably in the Kishanganga Valley. Daratpura may be identified with Gurez,the chief place of the upper Kisanganga Valley.
Kishanganga: Kishanganga or The Neelam River originates from Krishansar Lake in the vicinity of Sonamarg and runs northwards to Badoab village where it meets a tributary from the Dras side and runs westwards along the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir. It is fed by many glacial tributary streams on its way. It enters Azad Kashmir in the Gurez sector of the Line of Control, and then runs west until it meets the Jhelum River in Muzaffarabad. The Neelum River is 245 kilometers long, it covers 50 kilometers in Jammu and Kashmir and the remaining 195 kilometers in Azad Kashmir.
Bandipora : Bandipora is situated on the banks of the Wular, the largest fresh-water lake in Asia which is home to a lot of migratory birds. Inadvertent dumping of the polluted river waters and sewage affluence has led to a pandemic growth of algae in the waters of the Wular which is threatening the lake and its supporting life itself. The main source of pollution to Wullar Lake is Jhelum river. Jhelum river carries all the wastes from Srinagar city and other surrounding areas and deposits it in Wullar Lake. Despite being the richest wetland of South Asia and Largest Fresh water lake in Asia, no steps have been taken to save Wullar Lake.
The famous Lolab valley in Kupwara district is adjacent to the Bandipora. It is just 30 km from Bandipora via Aaloosa village. Once this road is upgraded it will become a lifeline of the Lolab valley and it will provide an additional route to the Kupwara district.
Bandipora was the connecting link between Northern India and Central Asia via the Silk Road. At Pazalpora village there was a custom and immigration department which is now a forest check post. There are strong links between Skardu - Gurez and Bandipora.