Daultabad

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Daultabad (दौलताबाद) is a tiny village in Fatehpur tehsil of Sikar in the north of Fatehpur district in Rajasthan. It has become now a ward of Fatehpur.

Population

As per Census-2011 statistics, Daulatabad village has the total population of 15 persons only (of which 7 are males while 8 are females).[1]

History

The Muslim Kaimkhani Nawab, Fatehkhan founded Fatehpur in 1451. He constructed the fort of Fatehpur in 1449 and ruled upto 1474. [2]It served as the capital of Fateh Khan, the Muslim Nawab. Fatehkhan's eldest son was Jalal Khan, who founded the village Jalalsar at a distance of 10 km south of Fatehpur. After death of Fateh Khan in 1474, Jalal Khan became the Nawab of Fatehpur. Jalal Khan was a warrior and kind Nawab. He had left the Fatehpur bid (forest land), north of village Harsawa, for the purpose of grazing of animals.[3] Jalalkhan died in 1489 (samvat 1546). [4]. After Jalal Khan his son Daulat Khan became nawab of Fatehpur in 1489 (samvat 1546), who founded village Daultabad in north of Fatehpur, which is now a mohalla of Fatehpur. He ruled till 1513 (samvat 1570). During his rule there was a tension between Jhunjhunu nawab Bhikan Khan and Nuan nawab Mohabbat Khan. Daulat Khan attacked Jhunjhunu in favour of Nuan. Bhikan Khan was defeated in Abusar war and Mohabbat Khan was made nawab of Jhunjhunu. [5] In 1513, Nahar Khan, son of Daulat Khan, became Nawab. He attacked Rathores and win over many Rajputs in his favour. Nahar Khan founded a town named Narsara in southwest of Fatehpur at a distance of about 12 km. During the rule of Nahar Khan, Delhi Sultnate had seen five badshas namely Sikandar Lodhi, Ibrahim Lodhi, Babar, Humayun, and Shershah. From the reign of Fateh Khan, the nawabi of Fatehpur was under Delhi Sultnate, which became free in 1543 (samvat 1600). [6]

From the time of founding of Fatehpur till the fall in 1631 (samvat 1688), all the nawabs were associated with Delhi Sultnate. [7]

After Nahar Khan, Fadan Khan became nawab in 1545 (samvat 1602), [8] who founded village Fadanpura. Fadan Khan had wars with Chhapoli, Tonk, Ponkh etc rulers and won the wars. He also defeated Bidawats of Chhapar, many Bhaumias, and helped Bahadur Khan to get Jhunjhunu.

In 1552 (samvat 1609), Taj Khan, son of Fadan Khan, became Nawab, who founded village Tajsar, in north at a distance of 4 km. Taj Khan made his grandson, Alaph Khan, as his successor in 1570 (samvat 1627). [9] Alaph Khan founded village Alapsar near Beswa. [10]

Alaph Khan is considered to be the bravest nawab of fatehpur. He took part in a number of wars from the side of Akbar and Jahangir. He suppressed the Jats of Bhiwani. After Alaph Khan, Daulat Khan II, Sardar Khan, Dindar Khan, Sardar Khan II, and Kamyab Khan were the nawabs of Fatehpur. Meanwhile, Sawai ManSingh, changed a policy, he gave the Jagirdaris to Kachhawa khap of his own community. The ignorance of Muslims led to unrest from their side but it was suppressed and the nawabi of Fatehpur vanished in 1788 AD. [11]

Daultabad in Bijnor district of Uttar Pradesh

There is a village called Daultabad in Bijnor district of Uttar Pradesh. The Jat gotra in this village is Thakran.

Daultabad village in Gurgaon, Haryana

There is one more village of the same name in Gurgaon district of Haryana. Click here for details - Daulatabad

References

  1. http://www.census2011.co.in/data/village/81247-daulatabad-rajasthan.html
  2. Kaimkhan Rasa, page 11
  3. Sahi Ram: Ek adhurī krānti, page 5
  4. Dinmani: Fatehpur parichay, page 27
  5. Dayaldas ki khyat, Vol II, page 8
  6. [Dinmani: Fatehpur parichay, page 29]
  7. Sahiram: Ek adhūrī krānti, Shekhawati kā kisān āndolan (1922-1952,page-5
  8. Kaimkhan Rasa: page 24
  9. Dinmani: Fatehpur parichay, page-33
  10. Sahiram: Ek adhūrī krānti, Shekhawati kā kisān āndolan (1922-1952), page-6
  11. Sahiram: Ek adhūrī krānti, Shekhawati kā kisān āndolan (1922-1952), page-6

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