Davaka

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Map of Bangladesh

Davaka (डावक) was a kingdom of ancient India, located in current central region of Assam state.[1]

Variants

History

The references to Davaka comes from the 4th century Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta, where it is mentioned as one of five frontier kingdoms of the Gupta Empire; the Shung-Shu History of the Liu Song dynasty, where the kingdom is named Kapili (now the name of a river); the Gachtal stone pillar inscription written in Kamrupi language.[2] N K Bhattasali has identified it with Dabaka in modern Nagaon district, with the kingdom associated with the Kopili-Kolong river valley.[3][4]

Origin

In 4th-century Davaka was mentioned as frontier kingdom with Kamarupa in the Samudragupta's Prayaga stone inscription. Historians like Kanak Lal Barua (1933) claim Davaka was an aboriginal Austric-Dravidian kingdom which was later absorbed by 6th or 7th century by western kingdom of Kamarupa,[5] though later historians like B N Puri (1968) and P C Choudhury (1959) claim that it was absorbed much earlier in the first half of the 5th century during the reign of Kalyana Varman (422-446).[6][7]

Its capital was located near Kapili river. In the year 428 A.D, an embassy was sent to China by Davaka king, whose name according to Chinese sources is Yuegnai or Yu Chai.[8]

Jat clans

डावक

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[9] ने लेख किया है ...डावक (AS, p.380) का उल्लेख गुप्त साम्राज्य के प्रत्यन्त देशों के प्रसंग में सम्राट समुद्रगुप्त की प्रयाग प्रशस्ति में किया गया है- 'समतट डावक कामरूप नेपाल कृतपुरादि प्रत्यन्त नृपतिभि:।' डावक का अभिज्ञान बांग्लादेश के ढाका तथा उत्तरी ब्रह्मदेश के टगांग के निकटस्थ प्रदेश के साथ किया गया है। सम्राट समुद्रगुप्त के गुप्त साम्राज्य की पूर्वी सीमा पर डवाक स्थित था।

External links

References

  1. Suresh Kant Sharma, Usha Sharma (2005), Discovery of North-East India: Geography, History, Culture, ..., Davaka (Nowgong) and Kamarupa as separate and submissive friendly kingdoms
  2. Indian History Congress (2002), Proceedings - Indian History Congress - Volume 62, p. 136 i
  3. Mookerji, Radhakumud (1973). The Gupta Empire. Motilal Banarasidass., p. 24
  4. Dutta, Anima (2008). Political geography of Pragjyotisa Kamarupa (Ph.D.). Gauhati University, p.5)
  5. Kanak Lal Barua (1933), Early history of Kāmarupa], Page 47
  6. "As regards the eastern limits of the kingdom, Davaka was absorbed within Kamarupa under Kalyanavarman and the outlying regions were brought under subjugation by Mahendravarman." (Choudhury 1959, p. 47)
  7. "It is presumed that (Kalyana Varman) conquered Davaka, incorporating it within the kingdom of Kamarupa" (Puri 1968, p. 11)
  8. Indian History Congress (2002), Proceedings - Indian History Congress - Volume 62, p.138
  9. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.380