Sihawa

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Map of Dhamtari district

Sihawa (सिहावा) is a village in Nagri tahsil of Dhamtari district in Chhatisgarh. It is site of a mountain from which originates the Mahanadi River. Its ancient name was Devahrada (देवहृद).

Location

It is located 67 KM towards South from District head quarters Dhamtari. 0 KM from Nagari. 127 KM from State capital Raipur. Sihawa Pin code is 493778 and postal head office is Nagri. Mukundpur ( 3 KM ) , Semra ( 3 KM ) , Latiyara ( 5 KM ) , Ghatula ( 5 KM ) , Malhari ( 5 KM ) are the nearby Villages to Sihawa. Sihawa is surrounded by Narharpur Tehsil towards west , Baderajpur Tehsil towards South , Gariyaband Tehsil towards North , Mainpur Tehsil towards East. Kanker, Dhamtari , Gobranawapara , Umarkote are the near by Cities to Sihawa.[1]

Variants

  • Sihava/Sihawa (सिहावा), जिला धमतरी, छत्तीसगड, (AS, p.967)
  • Devahrada (देवहृद) दे. Sihava सिहावा (AS, p.451)

History

सिहावा

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[2] ने लेख किया है ...सिहावा (AS, p.967) छत्तीसगढ़ राज्य के रायपुर के समीप धमतरी ज़िले में स्थित है. यह महानदी के उद्गम स्थान धमतरी से 44 मील दूर है. किंवदंती है कि इस स्थान पर पूर्वकाल में श्रृंगी आदि सप्तऋषियों की तपोभूमि थी, जिनके नाम से प्रसिद्ध कई गुफाएँ पहाड़ियों के उच्चशिखरों पर अवस्थित हैं. यहाँ के खंडहरों से छः मंदिरों के अवशेष प्राप्त हुए हैं. पाँच मन्दिरों का निर्माण चन्द्रवंशी राजा कर्ण ने 1114 शक संवत 1192 ई. के लगभग करवाया था जैसा कि यहाँ से प्राप्त निम्न अभिलेख से स्पष्ट है, 'तीर्थेंदेवहृदे तेन कृतं प्रासादापंचकम् स्वीयं तत्र द्वयं जातं यत्र शंकरकेशवौ। पितृभ्यां प्रददौ चान्यत् कारियित्वा [p.968]: द्वयंनृप: सदनं देवदेवस्य मनोहारि त्रिशूलिन:। रणकेसरिणे प्रादान्नृपायैकं सुरालयं, तद्वंशक्षीणतां ज्ञात्वाभातृस्नेहेन कर्णराट् चतुर्दशोत्तरेसेयमेकादशशते शके वर्द्धतां सर्वतो नृसिंहकविताकृति:' (एपिग्राफिका इंडिका, भाग 9, पृ.182). इस अभिलेख से सूचित होता है कि सिहावा का नाम देवह्रद था और इसे एक तीर्थ के रूप में मान्यता प्राप्त थी. महाभारत अनु.पर्व 25,44 में भी एक देवह्रद का करवीरपुर के साथ उल्लेख है.

देवहृद

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[3] ने लेख किया है ...देवहृद (AS, p.451): यह महाभारत अनुशासन पर्व 25,44 में में उल्लिखित है--'देवहृद उपस्पृश्य ब्रह्मभूतो विराजते'[4]. (दे. सिहावा)

In Mahabharata

Devahrada (देव ह्रद) (Lake) in Mahabharata (III.83.18), (III.83.34), (XIII.26.41),


Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 83 mentions names of Pilgrims. Devahrada (देव ह्रद) (Lake) is mentioned in Mahabharata (III.83.18).[5].... By bathing in the lake of Devahrada (देव ह्रद) (III.83.18), with purity and restrained mind, one obtaineth the merit of the-horse-sacrifice, and also attaineth to the highest success.....


Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 83 mentions names of Pilgrims. Devahrada (देव ह्रद) (Lake) is mentioned in Mahabharata (III.83.34). [6]....Bathing next at the romantic Deva-hrada (देव ह्रद) (III.83.34) that is supplied by the waters of the Krishna-Venna (कृष्ण वेण्णा) (III.83.34), and also in the Jatimatra-hrada (जातिमात्रह्रद) (III.83.34), one acquireth the memory of one's former life. It was there that the chief of the celestials celebrated a hundred sacrifices and ascended to heaven. By a visit only to that spot, one acquireth the merit of the Agnishtoma sacrifice.


Anusasana Parva/Book XIII Chapter 26 mentions the sacred waters on the earth. Devahrada (देव ह्रद) (Lake) is mentioned in Mahabharata (XIII.26.41). [7].....Bathing in Kalashya, one acquires a large quantity of water (for use in the next world). A man, by bathing in the city of Agni (Agnipura), acquires such merit as entitles him to live during his next birth in the city of Agni's daughter. Bathing in Vishala in Karavirapura and offering oblations of water unto one's Pitris, and performing one's ablutions in Devahrada too, one becomes identified with Brahma and shines in glory as such.

External links

References

  1. http://www.onefivenine.com/india/villages/Dhamtari/Nagari/Sihawa
  2. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.967-968
  3. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.451
  4. महाभारतम्-13-अनुशासनपर्व-064-44
  5. तत्र देव ह्रदे सनात्वा शुचिः परयत मानसः, अश्वमेधम अवाप्नॊति परां सिद्धिं च गच्छति (III.83.18)
  6. ततॊ देव ह्रदे रम्ये कृष्ण वेण्णा जलॊद्भवे, जातिमात्रह्रदे चैव तथा कन्याश्रमे नृप (III.83.34)
  7. कलश्यां वाप्य उपस्पृश्य वेद्यां च बहुशॊ जलाम, अग्नेः पुरे नरः सनात्वा विशालायां कृतॊदकः, देव ह्रद उपस्पृश्य बरह्मभूतॊ विराजते (XIII.26.41)